chapter 6

  1. T/F Mansa Musa: I was Mali's most famous Muslim ruler who changed Mali into an Islamic Nation.
  2. T/F Mansa Musa: I made an expensive, elaborate (fancy) pilgrimage called a hajj to the city of Mecca.
  3. T/F Mansa Musa: I never gave away any of my gold.
  4. T/F Ms. Otton was my social studies teacher.
  5. T/F Mansa Musa: I spread Mali's borders north and westward to the Atlantic Ocean.
  6. T/F Mansa Musa: My greatest achievement was fighting constant wars and warfare.
  7. Inflation
    general rise in prices
  8. general rise in prices
  9. Scholarship
    formal study and learning
  10. formal study and learning
  11. What city became the center for Islamic scholarship in Mali?
  12. According to legends, in what 2 ways was Sumanguru a cruel ruler?
    • 1. He taxed his subjects harshly and stole their gold
    • 2. He kidnapped their wives and daughters and killed anyone who challenged his power
  13. What was Sumanguru's mistake?
    His son was crippled so he allowed him to live.
  14. Sundiata became the first ruler of the Mali Empire by defeating Sumangura. Sundiata was a wise ruler. How did he restore trade with North Africa?
    He conquered the gold-producing regions which gave him control of the rich gold-salt trade.
  15. Oral traditions and arts thrived in West Africa:
    They passed on culture and traditions from one generation to another
  16. Sunni Ali Ber
    became king of Songhai in 1464
  17. cavalry
    mounted troops
  18. infantry
    foot soldiers
  19. tyrant
    a cruel leader who uses his/her power without any limits
  20. siege
    a military plan in which the attacking army cuts off supplies to the defenders
  21. Askia Muhammad
    a devoted Muslim who took over control of Songhai
  22. Kinship
    connection based on family relationships
  23. lineage
    a group of people who are related to a common ancestor
  24. clan
    larger group of related families
  25. ethnic group
    shared a distant culture, language, and identity
  26. caste
    social class
  27. griots
    storytellers and oral historians
  28. proverbs
    wise sayings
  29. polyrhythmic
    playing 2 or more different rhythms
  30. Of Ghana, Mali and Songhai, which empire was the earliest?
  31. Of Ghana, Mali and Songhai, which empire was the latest?
  32. In the year 1464, who became king of the Songhai?
    Sunni Ali Ber
  33. The army of Sunni Ali Ber controlled the Great Bend of what river?
    Niger River
  34. In the year 1468 why did Sunni Ali Ber want to gain control of Timbuktu?
    Timbuktu was rich
  35. People were horrified that Sunni Ali Ber allowed his troops to terrorize a _________ city like Timbuktu.
  36. What is another word for foot soldier?
  37. What is another word for mounted troops?
  38. What is a siege?
    a military plan in which the attacking army cuts off supplies to the defending army
  39. How long did the people of Djenne defend their city?
    7 years, 7 months, 7 days
  40. In the end, what became the largest of West Africa's trading empires?
  41. For centuries, what religion influenced life in Songhai since so many Muslim leaders ruled the kingdom?
  42. Who was the Songhai emporer that started a holy war on the Mossi people?
    Askia Muhammad
  43. Why did Askia Muhammad fail to spread the Arabic language to the Mossi people through religion?
    They kept their tradition
  44. Songhai's laws were written in ________ because the Qur'an was written in that language.
  45. Who used Arabic as a common language to arrange deals and keep records?
  46. List 3 Islamic influences in West Africa.
    law, trade, scholarship
  47. West Africans had well organized societies because _____ were the glue that held communities together.
  48. Finish the quote that shows the importance of kinship in West African culture. "Kings may come and go, but ________________."
    the family endures
  49. Today, families include parents and children, but in West African families they also included grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. Family members share a strong sense of KINSHIP or _________________
    connection based on family
  50. Large families formed LINEAGES which are __________________
    groups of people who are related to a common ancestor
  51. Each lineage was part of a larger group of related families known as a ________. Several of these ________ lived together in a village.
    clan, clans
  52. Several villages also united together into larger ETHNIC GROUPS which shared a __________________.
    distant culture, language and identity
  53. Caste
    social class
  54. A person's caste fixed that individual's ______ in the social structure.
  55. When was a person's caste determined?
    at birth
  56. Who brought Islam to West Africa?
  57. Largest West African empire?
  58. Most important river in West Africa?
    Niger River
  59. Leader of Songhair
    Sunni Ali Ber
  60. Djenne
    wealthy trading city
Card Set
chapter 6
chapter 6