1. The term used to describe the natural teeth in the jaws
  2. First dentition to be formed, aka baby teeth/deciduous dentition
    Primary dentition
  3. Second dentition to develop, aka adult teeth/permanent dentition
    Permanent dentition
  4. Dentition consisting of both primary and permanent dentitions
    Mixed dentition
  5. What is the numbering system most widely used in the US?
    Universal Numbering System
  6. Teeth are designated using a two digit code, used internationally
    International Numbering System
  7. Commonly used in orthodontic therapy
    Palmer Notation Method
  8. When does the primary dentition period begin?
    Eruption of the primary mandibular central incisors, between 6 months and 6 years of age
  9. When does the mixed dentition begin?
    Between 6 and 12 years of age, both primary and permanent teeth are present
  10. When does the permanent dentition begin?
    Begins with the shedding of last primary tooth, after 12 years of age.
  11. The method by which teeth of the mandibular arch come into contact with those of the maxillary arch
  12. Anterior teeth
    Incisors and canine
  13. Posterior teeth
    Premolars and molars
  14. How many quadrants are in the oral cavity?
  15. D-A-Q-T System
    • D dentition
    • A arch
    • Q quadrant
    • T tooth type
  16. What do we use when describing an individual tooth?
    DAQT system
  17. Anatomic crown
    Part covered by the enamel
  18. Clinical crown
    Part of the anatomic crown that is visible and not covered by the gingiva (what we see clinically)
  19. Anatomic root
    Part of the root covered by cementum
  20. Clinical root
    Part of the anatomic root that is visible, related to gingival recession
  21. An imaginary line representing the long axis of the tooth
    Root axis line (RAL)
  22. Surfaces of the root that have depressions, commonly occur on the proximal root surfaces of anteriors and posteriors
    Root concavities
  23. Chewing surface of the crown (incisal for anteriors and occlusal for posteriors)
    Masticatory surface
  24. Closest to the midline
    Mesial surface
  25. Farthest away from midline
    Distal surface
  26. Between the mesial and distal surfaces of adjacent teeth
  27. Area between adjacent tooth surfaces
    Interproximal space
  28. Crowns of adjacent teeth physically touch each adjacent proximal surface
    Contact area
  29. Greatest elevation of the tooth
    Height of contour
  30. What is the height of contour also known as?
    Crest of curvature
  31. When two teeth in the same arch come into contact, the curvature next to the contact area forms this space
  32. Function of incisors
    Biting and cutting
  33. Function of canines
    Pierce of tear food
  34. Function of premolars
    Assist canines and molars
  35. Function of molars
    Grinding food
  36. All anterior teeth are formed by ___ developmental lobes, ___ labial lobes, and __ lingual lobe.
    • 4 developmental
    • 3 labial (mesiolabial, middle labial, and distolabial)
    • 1 lingual
  37. Raised rounded area on the cervical third of the lingual surface
  38. Rounded raised border on the lingual surface of anteriors and is bordered medially and distally on each side
    Marginal ridge
  39. How many teeth are in the primary dentition?
  40. How many teeth are in the permanent dentition?
  41. What teeth are not considered succadenous?
    Permanent molars
  42. When do roots complete formation?
    2-3 years after the tooth erupts
  43. Maxillary central incisor
    • Cut/bite
    • age 7
    • 1 1/2 size of the lateral incisor
  44. When does the first molar erupt?
    Age 6
  45. What is the most frequently congenitally missing tooth?
    Mandibular second premolars followed by the maxillary lateral incisors
  46. What are the smallest teeth in the mouth?
    Mandibular central incisors
  47. Canine has the ________ _________
    Longest root
  48. When does the mandibular central erupt?
    Age 6-7
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