Assessment Quiz 3

  1. what are the 
    WISC-V – 7 Subtests to calculate the FSIQ
    • Similarities (VCI)
    • Vocabulary (VCI)
    • Block Design (VSI)
    • Matrix Reasoning (FR)
    • Figure Weights (FR)
    • Digit Span (WMI)
    • Coding (PSI)
  2. What are the 
    WISC-V – 10 Subtests producing the Five Primary Index Scales
    • Similarities (VCI)
    • Vocabulary (VCI)
    • Block Design (VSI)
    • Visual Puzzles (VSI)
    • Matrix Reasoning (FR)
    • Figure Weights (FR)
    • Digit Span (WMI)
    • Picture Span (WMI)
    • Coding (PSI)
    • Symbol Search (PSI)
  3. What are the Ancillary Indexes and Subtests, and what are they used for?
    • Quantitative Reasoning Index
    • Auditory Working Memory Index
    • Nonverbal Index
    • Cognitive Proficiency Index
    • General Ability Index
    • They allow the clinician to explore specific cognitive hypotheses related to children’s WISC-V scores
  4. what are the Complementary Index Scales used for?
    They are designed to provide examiners with more detailed information relevant to psychoeducational evaluations of children referred for specific learning disorders
  5. Other Important IQ Tests:  
    Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
    One of the oldest and most widely used

    The reliability estimates, using a measure of internal consistency for the FSIQ is .98
  6. Other Important IQ Tests:  
    Kaufman Instruments
    designed to assess children 3-18, with the intention of assessing children fairly who are from diverse backgrounds, minimizing ethnic differences in performance
  7. Other Important IQ Tests:  
    Language-Free and Culture-Free IQ Tests
    • Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices
    • Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-IV
    • The Test of Nonverbal Intelligence 4
  8. what are the uses of 
    Group Intelligence Tests
    • Given in conjunction with Group achievement tests
    • Initial screening tools for children needing further testing (LD, DD)
    • Evaluate an entire school
  9. What are the limitations of group intelligence tests?
    • Cannot observe behaviors that reflect the level of motivation
    • Requires more reading-problematic for individuals with limited reading skills.
    • Not sensitive to individual’s culture, background and language proficiencies
    • Not as sophisticated and detailed as individually administered tests
  10. Is Intelligence Stable ?
    • Infants and preschool children have the least stable IQ scores
    • IQ is fairly steady throughout adulthood with slight decline after age 65
  11. What do IQ test scores Predict?
    Academic performance r=.5
  12. Is Intelligence Hereditary?
    • Very controversial area of study
    • Hereditability Index for IQ = .5
  13. What Environmental Factors Influence Intelligence?
    • Cultural environments
    • Schooling and the amount of schooling
    • Familial environments (parents interest in achievement; severely neglectful or abusive )
    • Exposure to toxins (lead; prenatal exposure to large amounts of alcohol in the womb)
  14. Are there group differences in intelligence?
    • Gender differences-no general intellectual differences, but men tend to score better in visual-spatial ability and women better on verbal tasks
    • Ethnic differences-African Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans tend to score lower on IQ tests than European and Asian Americans
  15. what are the three 
    Types of Achievement Test
    • Survey Achievement Batteries
    • Individual & Diagnostic Achievement Tests
    • Criterion-referenced and minimum-level skills assessment
  16. what is 
    • norm-referenced test that measures the basic academic skills of word reading, sentence comprehension, spelling, and math computation.
    • standardized on national sample of over 3,000, age from 5 to 94 years.
    • normative sample stratified controlling for   age, gender, ethnicity, geographic region, and parental/obtained education as an index of SES
    • Alternate forms, designated the Blue Form and the Green Form, were developed and equated during standardization
  17. What are the 
    WRAT 4 Subtests
    • *Word Reading: measures letter and word decoding through letter identification and word recognition.
    • *Sentence Comprehension: measures an individual's ability to gain meaning from words and to comprehend ideas and information contained in sentences through the use of a modified cloze technique. *Can be combined to form a Reading Composite Score
    • Spelling: measures an individual's ability to encode sounds into written form through the use of a dictated spelling format containing both letters and words.
    • Math Computation: measures an individual's ability to perform basic mathematics computations through counting, identifying numbers, solving simple oral problems, and calculating written mathematics problems
  18. What are the Uses of the WRAT 4
    • Collect initial data for psychological, educational, and vocational assessments;
    • Reevaluate individuals diagnosed with learning and/or cognitive disorders;
    • Contribute to research projects needing assessment of basic academic skills for pre-testing and post-testing purposes;
    • Evaluate achievement-ability discrepancies to identify specific learning disabilities;
    • Assess specific academic skills as part of a more comprehensive study of psychological and neuropsychological functioning;
    • Determine a minimal level of proficiency needed to perform in certain educational and/or vocational settings; and
    • Assess an individual's academic progress over time.
    • Cannot be used alone for diagnostic purposes
  19. WRAT Reliability and Validity
    • Internal consistency reliability ranges from .94 to .98
    • WRAT validity range between .42 and .92
  20. Strengths-WRAT 4
    • Ease of administration and scoring; takes very little time.
    • Psychometrically sound
    • Has excellent standardization
    • Correlates well with other achievement and cognitive tests
    • In clinical studies, separates people with learning or cognitive deficits from people without
  21. Weaknesses WRAT 4
    • Only screens for strengths and weaknesses
    • Does not measure other important achievement abilities.
    • In later adolescent and adult years, WRAT-4 does not adequately measure skills of readers that are above-average or advanced.
    • Only a small number of appropriate items for younger children being tested.
Card Set
Assessment Quiz 3
Assessment Quiz 3