Exam #3-Pharmacologic Agents

  1. What is the definition of pharmacology?
    The study of biological chemicals.
  2. Pharmacology embraces?
    Embraces the knowledge of the sources, chemical properties, biological effects, and therapeutic uses of drugs
  3. Definition of drugs?
    Chemicals introduced into the body to cause a chemical change or effect living processes.
  4. Objective of drug therapy?
    Produce the maximum benefit with minimum harm.
  5. A perfect drug would be?
    Effective, safe, and selective
  6. Selective means?
    Only being responsible to treat one thing.
  7. An effective drug is?
    One that elicits the response for it is given. It is the MOST important property a drug can have.
  8. A safe drug is defined as?
    one that cannot produce harmful effects even if given in very high doses for a long time.
  9. A selective drug is defined as?
    One that elicits only the response for which it was given.
  10. There is no such thing as "true.."?
    "True selectivity"
  11. All drugs have?
    Side effects
  12. Drugs are made from what sources?
    Plants, animal products, inorganic compounds and synthetic products
  13. Generic drugs are produced more?
    More cheaply
  14. Generic drugs have no ___ done?
    No research, advertising, or quality control done
  15. Generic drugs are less __ than chemicals?
    less complex
  16. Phase 1 drug testing evaluation is?
    is the first human testing stage. Uses healthy males only and no woman at all due to altering reproduction.
  17. Phase 2 drug testing evaluation is?
    Trying the drug out on people with the actual disease the drug is meant for.
  18. Phase 3 in drug testing evaluation is?
    Tests the drug on people with the disease it's meant for under specific variable conditions.
  19. Phase 4 in drug testing evaluation?
    The drug is out in public circulation, any adverse reaction has to be reported and added to the side effects list.
  20. The Controlled Substance Act (originally the Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914) regulated and limits?
    Regulates manufacturing of narcotics and dangerous drugs and limits how often scripts can be filled.
  21. Kefauver/Harris Amendment was signed into law by and when?
    President Kennedy in 1962
  22. The Kefauver/Harris Amendment governs?
    The release of new drugs
  23. A new drug under the Kefauver/Harris Amendment must demonstrate?
    Their safety and efficacy
  24. "Off-label" drugs are?
    Medications given to be used for other problems than it was originally made for.
  25. Responsibilities of the nurse regarding medications?
    • 1. Be aware of laws and categories of schedules under the law
    • 2. Record narcotics taken
    • 3. Dispose of waste per facility policy
    • 4. Requires witness for partial doses and waste
  26. Enteric coating protects drugs from?
    Acid & Pepsin in the stomach
  27. Enteric Coating protects the stomach from?
    drugs that can cause gastric discomfort
  28. Can't do what things with enteric coating meds?
    Can't crush or put down a feeding tube
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Exam #3-Pharmacologic Agents