1. What is the supreme law of the land?
    the Constitution
  2. What does the Constitution do?
    • -sets up the government
    • -defines the government
    • -protects basic rights of Americans
  3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
    We the People
  4. What is an amendment?
    • -a change (to the Constitution)
    • -an addition (to the Constitution)
  5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
    the Bill of Rights
  6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?
    • -speech
    • -religion
    • -assembly
    • -press
    • -petition the government
  7. How many amendments does the Constitution have?
    How many amendments does the Constitution have?
  8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?
    -announced our independence (from Great Britain)

    -declared our independence (from Great Britain)

    -said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)
  9. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
    • -life
    • -liberty
    • -pursuit of happiness
  10. What is freedom of religion?
    -You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.
  11. What is the economic system in the United States?
    • -capitalist economy
    • -market economy
  12. What is the “rule of law”?
    • -Everyone must follow the law.
    • -Leaders must obey the law.
    • -Government must obey the law.
    • -No one is above the law.
  13. Name one branch or part of the government.
  14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
    • -checks and balances
    • -separation of powers
  15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?
    the President
  16. Who makes federal laws?

    -Senate and House (of -Representatives)

    -(U.S. or national) legislature
  17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?
    the Senate and House (of Representatives)
  18. How many U.S. Senators are there?
    one hundred (100)
  19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
    six (6)
  20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?
  21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
    four hundred thirty-five (435)
  22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
    two (2)
  23. Name your U.S. Representative.
    Jimmy Gomez
  24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
    all people of the state
  25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
    -(because of) the state’s population

    -(because) they have more people

    -(because) some states have more people
  26. We elect a President for how many years?
    four (4)
  27. In what month do we vote for President?*
  28. What is the name of the President of the United States now?
  29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?
    Mike Pence
  30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
    the Vice President
  31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
    the Speaker of the House
  32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
    the President
  33. Who signs bills to become laws?
    the President
  34. Who vetoes bills?
    the President
  35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?
    advises the President
  36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?
    Secretary of Labor

    Secretary of Energy
  37. What does the judicial branch do?
    -reviews laws

    -explains laws

    -resolves disputes (disagreements)

    -decides if a law goes against the Constitution
  38. What is the highest court in the United States?
    the Supreme Court
  39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
    nine (9)
  40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?
    John Roberts
  41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
    print money
  42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
    provide safety
  43. Who is the Governor of your state now?
    Jerry Brown
  44. What is the capital of your state?*
  45. What are the two major political parties in the United States?
    Democratic and Republican
  46. What is the political party of the President now?
    Republican (Party)
  47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
    Paul D. Ryan
  48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
    Any citizen can vote. women and men
  49. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?
    serve on a jury
  50. Name one right only for United States citizens.
    vote in a federal election

    run for federal office
  51. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
    freedom of religion

    freedom of speech
  52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
    the United States
  53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
    obey the laws of the United States
  54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?
    eighteen (18) and older
  55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

    run for office
  56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
    April 15
  57. When must all men register for the Selective Service?
    at age eighteen (18
  58. What is one reason colonists came to America?
  59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
    American Indians
  60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
  61. Why did the colonists fight the British?
    because of high taxes

    because the British army stayed in their houses 

    because they didn’t have self-government
  62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
    Thomas) Jefferson
  63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
    July 4, 1776
  64. There were 13 original states. Name three.
    New York


  65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
    The Constitution was written.
  66. When was the Constitution written?
  67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
  68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
    U.S. diplomat
  69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?
    George) Washington
  70. Who was the first President?
    (George) Washington
  71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
  72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s
    Civil War
  73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
    the Civil War
  74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
  75. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*
    freed the slaves
  76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
    freed the slaves
  77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?
    fought for civil rights
  78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.
    World War I
  79. Who was President during World War I?
  80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
  81. Who did the United States fight in World War II?
    Japan, Germany, and Italy
  82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
    World War II
  83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
  84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
    civil rights (movement)
  85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*
    fought for civil rights
  86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?
    Terrorists attacked the United States.
  87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.
  88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States
  89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
    Pacific (Ocean)
  90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
    Atlantic (Ocean)
  91. Name one U.S. territory
    Puerto Rico
  92. Name one state that borders Canada.
    New York
  93. Name one state that borders Mexico.
  94. What is the capital of the United States?*
    Washington, D.C
  95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?*
    New York
  96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
    13 original colonies
  97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?
    one star for each state
  98. What is the name of the national anthem?
    The Star-Spangled Banner
  99. When do we celebrate Independence Day?*
    July 4
  100. Name two national U.S. holidays.
    • Thanksgiving
    • Christmas
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