Human AP 4.2

  1. Raises Eyebrows
    Occipitofrontalis
  2. whsteling
    buccinator
  3. depresses mandible
    Platysma
  4. muscles that move eye in named direction
    Superior, inferior, lateral and medial rectus
  5. depression abduction roatation of the eye
    Superior oblique
  6. elevation abduction, rotatiof of eye
    Inferior oblique
  7. Chewing, elevates mandible
    Masseter
  8. elevates, retracts madible
    Temporalis
  9. elevates tongue
    styloglossus
  10. lateral movement of mandible
    medial lateral pterygoid
  11. elevates hyoid, depresses mandible
    Digastric- suprahyoid
  12. depresses hyoid
    Sternohyoid- infrahyoid
  13. flexes cervical region of certebral column
    Sternocleidomastoid
  14. has evely spaced fascicles attaching to a tendon that is about the same width as the muscle
    Parallel (sartorious)
  15. a muscle that is broad and uniformly taper to a single tendon, triangular muscles usually have a convergent fascicle arrangement
    Convergent pectoralis major
  16. has fibers and fascicles that attach to the tendon at an angle in such a way that the muscle resembles a feather
    pennate
  17. ex of unipennate muscle
    Flexor pollicis longus of the forearm
  18. bi pennate ex
    Rectus femoris of the thigh
  19. ex of multipennat
    deltoid
  20. what muscles tend to be thicker in their belly
    Fusiform
  21. attachment point moveable structure
    Insertion
  22. almost all muscles cross at least _____ joint
    One
  23. Longer fibers increas
    ROM (Range of Motion)
  24. increase thickness means
    Increased force
  25. synergist that immobilizes the origin
    Fixator
  26. most common type of lever
    3rd class levers
  27. Depresses tongue
    Hyoglossus
  28. muscles that assist with smiling
    zygomaticus major and minor
  29. flexes vertebral column
    also used in urination defacation, exhalation, labor
    Rectus abdominus
  30. pulls the lip up
    Levator labii superioris
  31. widening and close mouth grinning use the
    Risorius
  32. extend the head and neck
    Splenius capitus and splenius cervicus
  33. 3 groups of muscles in the back
    spinalis, lingissiju, iliocostalis
  34. the 3 muscles within the groups
    cervicus, thoracis, lumborum
  35. elevates the rib cage, assisting inspiration
    External intercostal muscles
  36. depresses the ribs
    assisting expiration
    Internal intercostal muscles
  37. pulls the 12th rib inferiorly (forced exhale)
    Quadratus lumborum
  38. elevates scapula
    Levator scapulae
  39. upward rotation of scapula, adduction of scapula
    trapezius
  40. abducts scapula, rotates scapula downward
    Pectoralis minor
  41. abducts scapula, rotates scapula upward
    serratus anterior
  42. adducts, medially rotates arm at shoulder
    Pectoralis major
  43. extends, adducts medially rotates arm at shoulder (broadest superficial muscle of the back)
    draws arm posteriorly
    latissimus dorsi
  44. abducts, flexes, medial rotation of arm at shoulder
    deltoid
  45. flexes forearm at elbow
    Biceps brachii
  46. extends forearm at elbow
    triceps brachii
  47. flexes forearm at elbow
    Brachioradialis
  48. pronates forearm at radioulnar joint
    Pronator teres
  49. flexes hand at wrist
    flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris
  50. flex thigh at hip
    Psoas major
  51. adducts thigh at hip
    gracilis
  52. flexes leg at knee
    sartorius
  53. extend leg at knee
    quadriceps femoris
  54. adduct or flexes thigh at hip
    Adductor longus, magnus, brevis
  55. extends thigh at hip
    Gluteus maximus
  56. all extend thigh at hip and flex leg at knee
    hamstrings
  57. name the hamstrings
    all used in walking
    • bicep femoris
    • semitendonosis
    • smimembranosis
  58. dorsiflexes foot at ankle
    tibialis anterior
  59. plantar flexes the foot at ankle
    soleus, fibularis longus
  60. extend the foot at the ankle
    Gastrocnemius
  61. flexes toes
    flexor digitorum brevis
  62. abductor digiti minimi
    abduct, flexes little toe
  63. abducts, flexes big toe
    Abductor hallucis
  64. flexes big toe
    flexor hallucis brevis
  65. capitis
    head area
  66. carpi
    Wrist area
  67. neck area
    Cervicus
  68. related to fingers/toes
    digitorum/digiti
  69. femoris
    Femur or thigh
  70. gluteal
    Buttocks
  71. great toe
    Hallucis
  72. oculi
    eye
  73. oris
    mouth
  74. pulls away from midline
    abductor
  75. pulls toward the midline
    Adductor
  76. pulls down
    depressor
  77. holds erect or straight
    Erector
  78. increases the angle between bones
    Extensor
  79. decreases the angle between bones
    flexor
  80. raises a body part
    levator
  81. muscle is at an angle
    oblique
  82. muscle is circular
    orbicular
  83. muscle is straight
    rectus
  84. muscle is transvers
    transversus
  85. toward the front
    anterior
  86. toward the outside
    External
  87. below
    Infra
  88. between the ribs
    Intercostal
  89. toward the inside
    internal
  90. towrad the back
    posterior
  91. deep
    Profundus
  92. nearer the surface
    Superficialis
  93. above
    Supra
  94. two heads
    biceps
  95. four heads
    quadriceps
  96. three heads
    triceps
  97. brevis
    short
  98. long
    longus
  99. wide or large
    vastus
  100. triangular shaped
    deltoid
  101. wide or broad
    lati
  102. largest
    maximus
  103. small
    Minor
  104. shaped like a rectangle
    quadratus
  105. shaped like a rhombus
    Rhomboid
  106. serrated or jagged
    serratus
  107. shaped like a trapezoid
    trapezius
Author
Bnasty
ID
335768
Card Set
Human AP 4.2
Description
CHAPTER 9
Updated