Chapter 63 Seizure disorder

  1. A seizure is defined as an ________ and may involve ______ function
    • episode of disturbed brain function that disrupts neuronal brain activity
    • sensory, cognitive, emotional, and/or motor
  2. A convulsion is a
    violent involuntary contraction or series of contractions of the voluntary muscles
  3. Although they look different, all seizures are caused by the same thing;
    a sudden change in how the cells of the brain send electrical signals to each other
  4. What are 3 major groups of seizures
    • Generalized Onset Seizures
    • Focal Onset Seizures
    • Unknown Onset Seizures
  5. Generalized Onset Seizures affect
    both sides of the brain or groups of cells on both sides of the brain at the same time
  6. Focal Onset Seizures start in
    one area or group of cells in one side of the brain
  7. When a person is awake and aware during a seizure, it’s called a ________ and used to be called a
    • focal aware seizure
    • simple partial seizure
  8. When a person is confused or their awareness is affected in some way during a focal seizure, it’s called a ______ and used to be called a
    • focal impaired awareness seizure
    • complex partial seizure
  9. When the beginning of a seizure is not known, it’s called an
    unknown onset seizure
  10. A diagnosis of epilepsy is made from what four ways
    • 1.Clinical signs and symptoms.
    • 2.Patient’s history of seizures.
    • 3.Electroencephalogram (EEG), which measures brain waves.
    • 4.Functional neuroimaging
  11. A type of Neuroimaging is _______ and is used for
    • Computerized Tomography (CT) Scans
    • most adults and children with a first seizure
  12. _______ seizures previously known as _______ seizures are the best known type of seizures
    • Tonic clonic
    • grand mal
  13. Stiffening of the limbs is known as the ____ phase, followed by jerking of the limbs and face is known as the _____ phase.
    • tonic
    • clonic
  14. During the tonic phase, ______ may decrease or cease altogether, producing ______ of the lips, nail beds, and face
    • breathing
    • cyanosis (bluing)
  15. A convulsive seizure is usually not a medical emergency unless it lasts longer than _______, or a second seizure occurs soon after the first, or the person is _______.
    • five minutes
    • pregnant, injured, diabetic, or not breathing easily
  16. Status epilepticus is a condition when
    non-stop seizures occur
  17. What is the awareness of a person having a tonic seizure, when do they usually happen and how long do they last?
    • A person may be aware or have only a small change in awareness
    • during sleep and usually involve all or most of the brain, affecting both sides of the body
    • They are short, usually less than 20 seconds
  18. Clonic seizures are ___ and most commonly occur in ______
    • rare
    • babies
  19. Myoclonic seizures are a
    very rapid, brief contractions of bodily muscles, which usually occur at the same time on both sides of the body
  20. Atonic seizures also called ________ produce an ______
    • Drop Attacks
    • abrupt loss of muscle tone that may include; head drops, loss of posture, or sudden collapse
  21. What seizures tend to be resistant to drug therapy
    Atonic Seizures
  22. Absence seizures previously known as ______ seizures are
    • petit mal
    • lapses of awareness, sometimes with staring, that begin and end abruptly, lasting only a few seconds
  23. Absence Seizures are more common in
  24. Other warning signs that may happen hours before a seizure are
    depression, irritability, sleep disruption, nausea, and headache
  25. The most effective treatment for people with epilepsy has been the use of seizure preventing medications called _______.
    anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drugs (AEDs)
  26. The goal of the ketogenic diet is to ______ through a diet high in ________. That begins after a ________ period
    • induce fat metabolism and maintain ketosis
    • fat and low in carbohydrates
    • starvation
  27. _________ involves delivery of a focused dose of radiation to the epileptogenic area in the brain
    Gamma-knife radiosurgery
  28. Vagus nerve stimulation utilizes a ______ to deliver signals to the
    • pacemaker-like device
    • vagus nerve
  29. The RNS System is a responsive direct brain stimulation treatment for adults with
    medically refractory epilepsy
  30. Gingival overgrowth occurs in ______% of persons using phenytoin for treatment
  31. ________ is the most important determinant of the severity of phenytoin induced gingival enlargement
  32. Image Upload 1
    Responsive Neurostimulator System (RNS)
Card Set
Chapter 63 Seizure disorder
Chapter 63 Seizure disorder