Reid Technique Part 2 2017 Exam

  1. The selection of interrogation procedures depends to a considerable extent on all of the following EXCEPT:






    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (pp. 99-100). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    C) the strengths and experience of the investigator
  2. A/An ____ is one who would predictably experience a considerable feeling of remorse, mental anguish, or compunction as a result of his offense. This person has a strong sense of moral guilt—in other words, a “troubled conscience.”





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 100). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    C) emotional offender
  3. All of the following are characteristics of an "emotional offender", EXCEPT:






    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 100). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    D) the may offer token, weak denials of guilt that are stopped easily (nonemotional offender trait)
  4. A/An ____  is a person who ordinarily does not experience a troubled conscience as a result of committing a crime.





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 100). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    D)  nonemotional offender
  5. All of the following is true of a "nonemotional offender", EXCEPT:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 100). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    C) interrogation tactics should include expressions of understanding and compassion with regard to the commission of the offense as well as the suspect’s present difficulty
  6. What interrogation technique is most effective to use with a nonemotional offender?





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 100). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    D)  factual-analysis tactics and techniques
  7. A common mistake many investigators make when formulating an interrogation strategy is:




    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 100). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    B) to assume, based on the offender’s criminal record or demeanor during the interview, that he must be a nonemotional offender.
  8. All of the following is true of the initial interrogation of a suspect, EXCEPT:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 102). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    D)  If the suspect is not seated, the investigator should ask him to have a seat. (Investigator should ORDER suspect to sit down or NOT to rise.)
  9. According to Reid, one of the advantages of conducting a nonaccusatory interview before an interrogation is:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 102). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    D) the investigator can contrast his friendly, approachable demeanor displayed during the interview to a much more serious and firm demeanor at the outset of an interrogation (This apparent contrast in the investigator’s comportment will help instill a sense of confidence and sincerity that is fundamental to a successful interrogation.)
  10. The investigator should be polite, of course, but at the same time should maintain a degree of ____ as he enters the room.





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 102). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    B)  professional detachment
  11. In those rare instances where no interview precedes the interrogation, all of the following is true of the investigator entering the interview room, EXCEPT:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 103). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    A) The investigator should maintain professional distance by introducing himself with his formal title (e.g., Detective Kingston).  (Do not use titles as this reminds the suspect of the criminal nature of the interrogation)
  12. Step 1 of the Reid Technique is ____.





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 107). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    D)  Direct, Positive Confrontation
  13. An important part of the direct, positive confrontation is the ____.  It offers a reason for the interrogation other than eliciting a confession.





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 108). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    A) transition statement
  14. In instances in which the investigator has had no prior contact with the suspect, all of the following is true, EXCEPT:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 108). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    C) Investigators should always use the suspect's first name. (At times, officer may gain favor by adding "Mr." or "Mrs." when addressing older people or those of lower socio-economic status)
  15. Immediately following the direct, positive confrontation, the investigator should make a statement similar to the following: “I want to sit down with you so that we can get this straightened out. OK?” While saying nothing further, the investigator should place the evidence folder and any other accompanying props off to the side and position his chair approximately three to four feet directly in front of the suspect.  This activity should create a period of intentional silence called the ____.





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 109). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    A) behavioral pause
  16. The purpose of the intentional period of silence (behavioral pause) is to:





    Inbox, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 109).
    C) evaluate the suspect's initial reaction to the direct, positive confrontation.
  17. The ____, which is offered immediately following the direct, positive confrontation, must offer a legally permissible reason for the suspect to want to tell the truth.





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 110). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    D)  transition statement
  18. Immediately after the direct, positive confrontation described in Step 1, the investigator should begin the development of a theme.  Which best describes a "theme", according to Reid?





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 115). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    D)  A theme, in large measure, presents a “moral excuse” for the suspect’s commission of the offense or minimizes the moral implications of the conduct.
  19. Most interrogation themes reinforce the guilty suspect’s own ____ for committing the crime.





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 115). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    C)  rationalizations and justifications
  20. Guilty suspects generally require ____ to tell the truth.




    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 117). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    C)  a face saving excuse
  21. Guilty suspects generally require a face-saving excuse to tell the truth. The threatening approach of bombarding them with evidence of their guilt is likely to result in all the following, EXCEPT:






    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 117). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    E)  permit the suspect to accept physical responsibility for committing the crime while relieving his emotional guilt (this is result of a theme centered around excusing criminal behavior of emotional offenders)
  22. Interrogations focused on evidence also have the tendency to lead to what?





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 117). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    B) statements that threaten inevitable consequences or promise leniency.
  23. A mistake investigators commonly make at the outset of the interrogation is:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 116). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    D) to reveal all of the specific evidence implicating the suspect.
  24. In some instances, it may be advantageous for the investigator to make a passing remark about evidence. Once this is brought to the suspect’s attention, the investigator should:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 117). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    B) move directly to a theme and discourage the suspect from offering any explanation for the evidence.
  25. The most effective attitude is generally one that reveals all of the following, EXCEPT:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 117). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    D) genuine interest in getting to know the suspect on a personal level
  26. Following the transition statement in Step 1, the investigator may feel awkward immediately developing a theme directly addressing the suspect’s crime. A suggested approach is to initially develop a:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 117). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    B) third-person theme
  27. What theme is it advisable to use for suspects who are quite vocal during Step 1 (Direct, Positive Confrontation)? 





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 117). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    C)  a third-person theme
  28. According to Reid, all of the following are sympathetic themes which may be used with emotional offenders, EXCEPT:






    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 125). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    D)  Seek Admission of Lying About Some Incidental Aspect of the Occurrence (True of non emotional offenders)
  29. Which of the following best describes the "defensiveness" which renders the sympathetic themes ineffective?





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 129). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    A)  The nonemotional offender attempts to avoid becoming emotionally involved in the interrogation. He insulates himself from the investigator’s words and actions.
  30. All of the following are tactics for dealing with nonemotional offenders, EXCEPT:






    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 129). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    C)  Reduce the Suspect’s Feeling of Guilt by Minimizing the Moral Seriousness of the Offense (this is a theme for EMOTIONAL offenders)
  31. A central component of the theme "Point out the futility of resisting telling the truth" is for the investigator to ____.  That is, the investigator should not appear anxious to get the suspect to confess or portray to the suspect that a confession is necessary in order to resolve the case.





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 131). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    A)  argue against self-interest.
  32. A weak denial following the direct, positive confrontation should be:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 138). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    C)  ignored by the investigator.
  33. When the suspect offers a strong denial to the direct, positive confrontation, the investigator should:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 138). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    A)  reassert his confidence in the suspect’s guilt.
  34. Once the theme has been introduced and the investigator starts to develop it, there are three primary objectives with respect to handling denials (Step 3).  All of the following are primary objectives, EXCEPT:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 139). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    C) For the investigator to show that he is confident in his assessment.
  35. Deceptive denials are often preceded with verbal or nonverbal cues that allow the investigator to anticipate when the suspect is about to deny involvement in the offense under investigation. On the nonverbal level, deceptive suspects often employ ____ before voicing a denial.





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 139). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    D)  interruption gestures
  36. Innocent suspects disclose very little warning during the theme development stage that they are about to verbally deny involvement in the crime. A guilty suspect may preface the denial by saying something to the effect of, "May I say one thing?" or "Could I just explain something to you?"  This is called a:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 140). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    B) permission phrase
  37. Other verbal statements that often precede a deceptive denial, such as “But honestly,” “Please,” or “I understand what you’re saying, but …” might be described as:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 140). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    A)  pleading phrases
  38. An innocent suspect will generally make a very direct, sincere, and spontaneous denial after the investigator’s first positive confrontation. nevertheless, to minimize the risk of an erroneous diagnosis, the investigator should:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 141). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    C) continue a short while with the assumption that the suspect may be guilty.
  39. All of the following is true of an innocent suspect's denials, except:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 142). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    • B) The innocent suspect will preface their denials with permission phrases. (NO! They will unequivocally state something to the effect of “You’re wrong; I did not do it!”)
  40. The final goal of Step 3 (Handling Denials) is to:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 142). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    D) evaluate denials and respond to them effectively.
  41. All of the following is indicative of an innocent denial, EXCEPT:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 142). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    B)  Nonverbally, the innocent suspect becomes more and more agitated and focused and his attempts to deny become less frequent and persistent. (denials become MORE frequent and persistent)
  42. When an investigator attempts to discourage denials by using the previously mentioned tactics but the suspect wins the verbal battle and the investigator becomes the silent listener, strong consideration should be given to the probability that:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 142). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    D) the suspect is innocent. (such a significant sign of the innocent denial that it needs to be emphasized)
  43. All of the following is indicative of guilty denials, EXCEPT:






    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (pp. 142-143). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    D) Denials offered by a guilty suspect during theme development may be recognized by the suspect’s overuse of descriptive language. (The guilty LACK descriptive language: “I didn’t do that!” or “I didn’t take that money!”)
  44. Ultimately, a number of factors enter into the investigator’s approach to handling a suspect’s voiced denial.  Reid includes all of the following, EXCEPT:





    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 143). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    B) the suspect's personality
  45. Some suspects will not be content simply being told that there is no doubt about their involvement—they want to know what the evidence against them is before deciding to tell the truth. All of the following is true, EXCEPT:




    Inbau, Fred E.. Essentials of the Reid Technique (p. 144). Jones & Bartlett Learning. Kindle Edition.
    C) The vast majority of cases involving criminal interrogation involve overwhelming evidence of a suspect’s guilt (involve NO overwhelming evidence...)
  46. The technique of ____ simply involves telling the suspect that the investigator already knows he did those things without explaining how or why the investigator knows.



    A) implication
  47. Some guilty suspects will not be satisfied with the investigator’s statement that “We know you handled that knife in her apartment.” They will demand to know specifics about the evidence. In this situation the investigator has two choices.  Which of the following is NOT one of those two choices?


    C) tell the suspect the evidence
  48. An outright lie about evidence implicating a suspect should be an investigator’s last effort to persuade the suspect to tell the truth. All of the following is TRUE, except:



    B)  it is illegal to verbally lie about evidence connecting a suspect to a crime (it is NOT illegal to verbally lie)
  49. When the various techniques of sympathy and understanding have proved to be ineffective in stopping the denials of a suspect whose guilt is definite or reasonably certain, the investigator may consider using what?



    C) the friendly/unfriendly act
  50. The friendly/unfriendly act is particularly appropriate in the interrogation of what type of  suspect?



    C) politely apathetic
  51. All of the following is correct of responding to a suspect’s attempt to leave the interrogation room, EXCEPT:



    A) The investigator should stand up while calmly addressing the empty chair, but should not move toward the suspect. (This could cause the suspect to make the next move... out the door)
  52. All of the following is true of "objections", EXCEPT:



    A)  Objections represent a defensive strategy and are heard, almost exclusively, from guilty suspects.  (an OFFENSIVE strategy)
  53. The suspect may offer a/an ____ as a prelude to voicing the objection, such as “I couldn’t have done it,” or “I wouldn’t do a thing like that,” or even, “That’s impossible."



    C)  introductory phrase
  54. The majority of objection statements that suspects offer can be categorized into any of the following three general groups, EXCEPT:



    D) ethical objections
  55. _____ is a phrase used as a prelude to the voicing of an objection.



    B)  introductory phrase
  56. ____ is a type of objection. Examples include “I’d be too scared [nervous, shy, etc.] to do something like that,” “I loved her,” or “I like my job.”



    B)  emotional objection
  57. ____ is a type of objection. Examples include “I don’t even own a gun,” “I wasn’t even there that day,” or “I don’t even know the combination.”



    B)  factual objection
  58. ____ is a type of objection. Examples include “I wasn’t brought up that way” and “A person who would do something like this is really sick.”



    B)  moral objection
  59. ____ is a vehicle by which the investigator sidesteps the objection. It actually does not mean anything, but it creates the impression that the investigator is encouraged by the suspect’s statement, which is the opposite effect from that which the suspect anticipated when he offered the objection.



    A)  absolute declaration
  60. ____ is emotional detachment from a situation, including the tendency to abandon verbal efforts and avoid eye contact.



    B)  psychological withdrawal
  61. All of the following is true of Recognizing Psychological Withdrawal, EXCEPT:




    E) Innocent suspects who have been accused of committing a crime may psychologically withdraw. (WILL NOT withdrawal)
  62. Once the investigator recognizes that the suspect is psychologically withdrawing from the interrogation, one effective technique to get the suspect’s attention is for the investigator to:





    Chap 14 Chair Proximity
    D) move his chair closer to the suspect’s.
  63. At the outset of the interrogation, the investigator should be seated approximately four feet from the suspect. Once signs of withdrawal are apparent, the investigator should slowly move his chair in closer to the suspect’s. What should the investigator do first, before moving his chair?





    Chap 14 Chair Proximity
    A) The investigator should first move his body to the front edge of the chair and lean forward.
  64. All of the following is accurate of an investigator moving his chair closer during an interrogation, EXCEPT:





    Chap. 14 Chair Proximity
    B) Moving in on the suspect should take place when the suspect is looking directly at the investigator, when he is quiet and past the stage of making denials and objections. (when he is NOT looking at investigator)
  65. ____ is one of the most reliable social signals of attention—either the want or avoidance of it.





    Chap 14
    A)  Eye contact
  66. As the investigator gradually moves his chair closer to the suspect’s, he should also:





    Chap 14
    A) direct his own body to a position where he moves into the suspect’s line of vision.
  67. ____ is an item referenced or produced in order to attract the suspect’s visual attention toward the investigator’s statements.





    Chap 14
    A)  visual aid
  68. One technique that may be effective in maintaining the suspect’s attention and may also be beneficial in establishing eye contact is for the investigator to use visual aids at this stage of the interrogation (Retaining Suspect's Attention). Ordinarily, these aids should not be:



    D) photographs
  69. The interrogation theme, as described in Step 2, is intended to be a monologue transmitted by the investigator. However, when the suspect is turning off this monologue by psychologically withdrawing, an effective technique is ____.



    C)  to ask rhetorical questions
  70. The rhetorical questions asked of a suspect should address:



    B)  positive personal traits or real-life expectations.
  71. At the conclusion of Step 5, the investigator should have achieved a desirable rapport with the suspect. As a consequence, the suspect, if guilty, will have become: 



    A)  very reticent and quiet.
  72. During a noncustodial interrogation, it is often effective, at this stage (Step 6 - handling passive mood), to remind the suspect of what?





    Reid Chap 15
    C)  the voluntariness of his presence.
  73. ____ is the point at which the suspect is mentally debating whether or not to tell the truth.




    Reid Chap 15
    D)  resignation
  74. An ____ is a question that offers the suspect two incrimination choices concerning some aspect of the crime.





    Chap 16
    A)  alternative question
  75. All of the following is true of an Alternative Question, EXCEPT:





    Chap 16
    D) There are only two choices a suspect has in response.  (3rd choice is to DENY both)
  76. All of the following is true of a properly formulated alternative question, EXCEPT:





    Chap 16
    C) The alternative question must not be presented until the suspect has made an initial admission of guilt.
  77. “You are sorry about this, aren’t you, Joe?” is what kind of alternative question?





    Chap 16
    C) one-sided alternative question (only the one question is necessary as the alternative is implied)
  78. In using the alternative question, the investigator must bear in mind the need to phrase it in terms of a clear contrast between ____; for instance, “Joe, is this the first time you did something like this, or has it happened many times before?”





    Chap 16
    C)  two opposite choices
  79. Consider the following Alternate Question: “Is this the first time you raped a girl, or have you raped a lot of girls before?”  In this question, "rape" and "raped" are considered what type of words to be avoided?





    Chap 16
    A) emotionally charged
  80. When the investigator presents the alternative question (step 7) to the suspect, it is not enough to simply ask the question and then wait for the suspect to answer. The investigator must encourage the suspect to select one of the two options. This is accomplished through the use of:





    Chap 16
    • D) positive and negative supporting
    • statements.
  81. A ____  statement is one in which the investigator reinforces his belief that the correct choice is the one that seems to be morally excusable or at least one that represents a less socially revolting reason for committing the act. The investigator should state that if the positive alternative is true, that it is something he can understand.





    Chap 16
    B)  positive supporting
  82. “You don’t seem to be the kind of person who would do something like this in order to use it for gambling. If you were that kind of person, I wouldn’t want to waste my time with you, but I don’t think you’re like that.” Which of the following is the above?





    Chap 16
    D)  negative supporting statement
  83. “I’m sure this money was for your family, for some bills at home. That’s something even an honest person might do, if he was thinking of his family.” Presenting a leading question: “It was for your family’s sake, wasn’t it, Joe?” Which of the following is the above statement?





    Chap 16
    A) positive supporting statement
  84. ____ is a statement discussing the desirable side of the alternative question designed to encourage the suspect to select that side.





    Chap 16
    A) positive supporting statement
  85. ____ is statement that paints a disturbing picture of the suspect if the negative alternative is true.





    Chap 16
    C)  negative supporting statement
  86. The supporting statements close with a ____ that calls for a one-word answer or a nod of the head in acceptance of the less offensive of the two options.





    Chap 16
    D)  leading question
  87. An important part of the ____ statement is to develop a concern in the suspect’s mind that if he does not accept the understandable alternative, others may believe the reprehensible one.





    Chap 16
    B)  supporting
  88. ____ is a question phrased in such a way as to expect agreement.





    Chap 16
    B)  leading question
  89. I’m sure this money was for your family, for some bills at home. That’s something even an honest person might do, if he was thinking of his family...It was for your family’s sake, wasn’t it, Joe?”  The bold quote is what?  The italic quote is what?





    Chap 16
    B) positive supporting statement / leading question
  90. It is important to note that even the most experienced and skilled investigators achieve a confession rate of only about ____.





    Chap 16
    B)  80%
  91. What represents the culmination of theme development?





    Chap 16
    B) the alternative question
  92. When the suspect accepts one of the choices presented in the alternative question, he has, in effect, done what?





    Chap 17
    B)  made an admission of guilt
  93. ____ is a statement that encourages the suspect to continue beyond the acceptance of an alternative and commit himself to a discussion of the details of the crime.





    Chap 17
    B)  statement of reinforcement
  94. The investigator should encourage the suspect to continue beyond the acceptance of an alternative (step 7 - presenting alternative question) by making a ____, such as, “Good, that’s what I thought is was all along” or, “I was hoping that was the case.”





    Chap 17
    B)  statement of reinforcement
  95. ____ - facts that would be known only by the guilty person.





    Chap 17
    C)  corroborative information
  96. The best type of corroboration is in the form of new evidence that was not known before the confession but that can be later substantiated. This is called what?



    C)  independent corroboration
  97. The interrogation, simply stated, represents an effort by an investigator to persuade a suspect to tell the truth about alleged involvement in a criminal offense.
    a) TRUE
    b) FALSE
    a) TRUE
  98. Under no circumstances should a confessor be put under oath by a notary public, justice of the peace, or by anyone else before the taking of a confession.
    a) TRUE
    b) FALSE

    Chap 18
    a) TRUE
  99. Why is it advisable to ask the confessor, very early in the confession, a question that will call for an acknowledgment that he committed the crime? This can be done after initial questions about name, address, age, and so forth. (For example, “Regarding the fire in the store at First and Main streets, do you know who started it?” Answer: “I started it.”)





    Chap 18
    B) for the psychological effect on the jury when the written confession is read
  100. During the taking of a confession, all of the following except whom should be in the room?





    chap 18
    C) witness
  101. All of the following are true of the confessor using his own language during the writing of a confession, EXCEPT:





    chap 18
    D) If the suspect is to write out a confession, the investigator should assist in the spelling of any of the words, or provide a dictionary, to ensure clarity.  (No!  in the suspects OWN words).
  102. At the trial, the offender may allege that the confession represents only what he had been told to say—that the investigator “put the words into my mouth.” An excellent precautionary measure to effectively meet such a defense is





    chap 18
    D) incorporating into the confession a number of more or less irrelevant personal history questions calling for answers known only to the offender.
  103. The Miranda Warning must be read word for word to be accepted by the courts.
    a) TRUE
    b) FALSE

    chap 19
    b) FALSE (Courts accept a “fully effective equivalent”)
  104. Courts will find that a suspect has relinquished his constitutional rights (Miranda) only when the suspect waives his rights:




    chap 19
    C)  knowingly and intelligently
  105. If a suspect who has earlier invoked his Miranda rights changes his mind and indicates a desire to talk to the investigator, a new conversation may commence.
    a) TRUE
    b) FALSE

    chap 19
    a) TRUE
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Reid Technique Part 2 2017 Exam
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