Chapter 58/60 Alternative Setting/Sensory Impairment

  1. The Americans With Disabilities Act defines an individual with a disability as a person who has __________ .
    a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits a major life activity
  2. Astigmatism
    impaired vision caused by irregularities in the curvature of the cornea or lens
  3. Diplopia
    double vision; perception of a single object
  4. Hyperopia
  5. Myopia
  6. Nyctalopia
    night blindness
  7. Retinitis
    inflammation of the retina
  8. The leading causes of blindness are
    • ◦Diabetic retinopathy
    • ◦Age-related macular degeneration
    • ◦Cataracts
    • ◦Glaucoma
    • ◦Trauma
    • ◦Infections
    • ◦Half of the blindness in children is of prenatal origin (mainly from maternal infections such as Rubella, syphilis, toxoplasmosis).
  9. In individuals over the age of 60, the leading cause of blindness is
    macular degeneration
  10. In Macular Degeneration damage is done to the _______ area, the macula
    central vision
  11. In Glaucoma the increased pressure causes a gradual loss of _______ vision
  12. What is Glaucoma and how does it occur
    • ◦Glaucoma gradually destroys the optic nerve in the back of the eye.
    • ◦This occurs from pressure being too high inside the eye.
    • The increased pressure causes a gradual loss of peripheral vision
  13. ________ is the leading cause of blindness among African-Americans and the ______ most common cause of blindness in the United States.
    • Glaucoma
    • second
  14. ________ are the leading cause of treatable blindness.
  15. Cataracts cause a
    clouding of the lens of the eye causing blurry or hazy vision
  16. When walking a blind person to the treatment room or returning them to the reception area have them hold your arm
    just above the elbow
  17. Otitis
    inflammation of the ear
  18. Otitis media
    inflammation of the middle ear
  19. Tinnitus
    noise in the ears, as ringing, buzzing, or roaring
  20. Vertigo
    sensation of rotation or movement of one’s self (subjective vertigo) or of one’s surroundings (objective vertigo); a subtype of dizziness, but not a symptom
  21. Conductive Hearing Loss
    Outer or middle ear involvement of conduction pathways to the inner ear
  22. Sensorineural Hearing Loss
    Damage to sensory hair cells of the inner ear or nerves that supply the inner ear
  23. A hearing aid is an electronic device that ________ . Standards for the manufacture and distribution of hearing aids are set by the __________.
    • amplifies sound waves that enter the external auditory canal
    • United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
  24. Institutionalized patients are very prone to _________ pneumonia.
  25. Sordes is a
    crust-like material that collects on lips, teeth, and gingiva of patient with a fever or dehydration in a chronic debilitating disease
  26. A commercially manufactured suction brush aids in
    removal of plaque for patients who cannot expectorate
  27. ADLS
    Brushing, flossing, bathing
  28. IADLS
    Writing, cooking, shopping
  29. An ASA Classification of 1 has an ADLS/IADLS of
  30. Describe an ASA II Classification
    • Mild systemic Disease or extreme dental fear
    • Well controlled chronic conditions
    • Upper respiratory infections
    • Healthy pregnant woman
    • Allergies
    • ADLS/IADLS of 1
  31. Describe an ASA III Classification
    • Systemic disease that limits activity but not incapacitating
    • Need to stop during one flight of stairs
    • Chronic cardiovascular conditions
    • Controlled Type 1 Diabetes
    • Chronic pulmonary disease
    • Elevated BP
    • ADLS/IADLS of 2 or 3
Card Set
Chapter 58/60 Alternative Setting/Sensory Impairment
Chapter 58/60 Alternative Setting/Sensory Impairment