Chapter 55 Maxillofacial surgery

  1. What nutrition is essential for healing
    Protein and vitamins, particularly vitamin A, vitamin C, and riboflavin
  2. What is a simple fracture
    has no communication with outside
  3. What is a compound fracture
    has communication with outside
  4. What is an incomplete or ________ fracture
    • greenstick
    • has one side of a bone broken and the other side bent.
  5. What is a Comminuted fracture
  6. Name the mandibular fractures
    • Alveolar process
    • Condyle
    • Angle
    • Body
    • Symphysis
  7. The alveolar process fracture does not
    extend to the midline of the palate
  8. The most common fracture is of the
    alveolar process, maxillary or mandibular
  9. What are the three types of midfacial fractures
    Le Fort I, II, and III
  10. Describe a Midfacial: Le Fort I fracture
    Horizontal fracture above the palate and roots of the maxillary teeth, across the maxillary sinus and pterygoid plates, below the zygomatic process
  11. Describe a Midfacial: Le Fort II fracture
    Midface fracture that extends over the middle of the nose, down the medial wall of the orbits, across the infraorbital rims, and posteriorly, across the pterygoid plates
  12. Describe a Midfacial: Le Fort III fracture
    Craniofacial fracture that extends transversely across the bridge of the nose, orbits, zygomatic arches, and the pterygoid plates
  13. Image Upload 1
    LeFort I fracture
  14. Image Upload 2
    LeFort II fracture
  15. Image Upload 3
    LeFort III fracture
  16. Reduction means the ________. Open reduction refers _______. Closed reduction is ________
    • positioning of the parts on either side of the fracture so they are in apposition for healing and restoration of function
    • the use of a surgical flap procedure to expose the fracture ends and bring them together for healing
    • accomplished by manipulation of the parts without surgery
  17. What are Types of systems used for immobilization
    • Transosseous wiring (osteosynthesis).
    • Plates of various sizes.
    • Titanium mesh
    • Bone clamps, staples, screws
  18. After reduction, a method of _______ is usually needed.
    fixation and immobilization
  19. IMF is accomplished by applying wires and/or elastic bands ________.
    between the maxillary and mandibular arches
  20. What are some Indications For External Fixation
    • If there are not enough teeth or bone for intermaxillary fixation.
    • To supplement intermaxillary fixation.
    • If the patient is unable to tolerate their jaws being “wired closed”
Card Set
Chapter 55 Maxillofacial surgery
Chapter 55 Maxillofacial surgery