What is the purpose of brushing ones teeth?
- Removal of plaque biofilm and disturbance of its
- ▪ Removal of food, debris, and stain from the oral cavity
- ▪ Stimulation of the gingival tissues
- ▪ Application of a dentifrice containing specific ingredients
- to address caries, periodontal disease, or sensitivity
Brushing technique Rolling Method?
- • Most appropriate for
- • The bristles are positioned
- apically along the long
- axis of the tooth.
- • Bristles are rolled against
- the tooth from the apical
- position toward the
- occlusal plane.
- • Repeat several times.
*Brushing technique Stillman Method?
- • Bristles are positioned
- apically along the long axis
- of the tooth.
- • The edge of the brush head
- should be touching the facial
- or lingual aspect of the
- • Then the brush is slightly
- rotated at a 45-degree angle
- and vibrated over the crown.
Brushing technique Charters Technique?
- • Used to clean around
- • Bristles are placed at a
- 45-degree angle toward
- the occlusal or incisal
- surface of the tooth.
- • A circular vibratory
- motion is then activated.
Brushing technique Fones Method?
- • Used mainly by young
- • The teeth are clenched, and
- the brush is placed inside
- the cheeks.
- • Brush is moved in circular
- • Can be damaging if done
- too vigorously
Brushing technique Leonard Technique?
- • The toothbrush is placed
- at a 90-degree angle to
- the long axis of the tooth.
- • The toothbrush is moved
- in a vertical, vigorous
- motion up and down the
Brushing technique Horizontal Technique?
- • Teeth are edge to edge.
- • Brush maintains a
- 90-degree angle to long
- axis of tooth.
- • Horizontal strokes
- • Can cause toothbrush
Brushing technique Smith Method?
- • Physiologic technique, which
- follows the pattern that food
- follows when it is in the mouth
- during mastication.
- • Bristles are positioned directly
- onto the occlusal surface.
- • Brush is then moved back and
- • Smith also recommends a few
- gentle horizontal strokes to clean
- the sulcus areas near furcations.
*Brushing technique Scrub Toothbrushing Technique?
- • Combination of horizontal,
- vertical, and circular strokes
- • Incorporates vibration
- movements in certain areas
- •This is not an appropriate method to choose, and care should be taken with this technique to avoid excessive pressure.
Modified Brushing Technique?
- • Integrates a rolling stroke after use of the vibratory motion
- • The position of the brush is maintained after the completion
- of the original method's stroke. The bristles are then rolled
- coronally over the gingiva and teeth.
Powered Toothbrush methods
- Today the power toothbrushes can be categorized as
- mechanical, sonic, or ionic.
- • The main patterns of movements in the modern power
- toothbrushes are oscillation, reciprocation, and rotational.
- • Source of power:
- ▪ Direct source (has a cord)
- ▪ Battery operated
- • Brush movements can range from 3,800 to 7,600 per
Brushing technique Bass Method?
- • Acceptable for all patients
- • The toothbrush bristles are angled
- apically at a 45-degree angle to
- the long axis of the tooth
- • Filaments subgingival
- • Jiggle with short horizontal strokes
- • 2–3 teeth at a time
Types of fluorides? 2 types
OTC (over the counter) and Stannous fluoride
Stannous fluoride helps against?
- Effective in the reduction of the incidence of dental caries.
- "caries prophylactic dentifrice"
CPP-ACP stands for?
- Casein phosphopeptide- amorphous calcium phosphateprotein found in cows milk; used in pastes to promote remineralization of enamel in areas that have demineralized.
What is the other name CPP-ACP?
- Recaldent; Replaces calcium and phosphate ions that were lost to demineralization.
- marketed in the US as GC Corporation MI Paste and MI Paste Plus.
Unique characteristic of Chlorhexidine?
- *unique property of chlorhexidine is
- its substantivity
- • The FDA has approved prescription plaque-control rinses
- containing 0.12% chlorhexidine.
- • Directions call for a twice-daily, 60-second rinse with
- one-half ounce of such solutions.
- • Chlorhexidine has proved to be one of the most effective
- anti-plaque agents to date.
- • In the United States, chlorhexidine products are available
- only by prescription.
- • Side effects can be associated with chlorhexidine use,
- ▪ Staining of the teeth, tongue, and tooth-colored
- restorations are the most common effects
- ▪ Altered taste sensation, irritation of the oral mucosa,
- and burning sensation are reported