Modern Period

  1. BERNARD DE JUSSIEU (1699-1777)
    • French royal gardner for palace at Versailles, famous for his alphabetical design of his plants in
    • garden design groups related to plant species. called the "international code of Botanical Nomenclature"
  2. ROBERT BROWN (1773-1858)
    • Scottish botanist, gymnosperms are a distinct group of plants, has many cotyledons, naked ovules and naked seeds.
    • think of gymnosperms as conifers.
  3. ASA GRAY (1810-1888)
    • harvard botanist, studied vegatation in North America collected a huge inventory
    • collected throughout the Fingerlakes, type specimens. had summer home in Skaneateles
    • AKA "splitter" (things that were different were considered new species
  4. WILHELM HOFMEISTER (1824-1877)
    • German botanist, especially interested in the non-flower plants that produce spors not seeds
    • he studied reproduction in primitive plants the sporophyte & gametophyte
  5. CHARLES DARWIN (1809-1882)
    • NOT A BOTANIST! Theory of evolution, interested in rocks, mineral and fossils
    • variation within a species, struggle for existence among next generation , survival
    • (reproduction of the fittest individual)
  6. EICHLER (1839-1887) AND ENGLER (1844-1930)
    • comprehensive treatment of the plant kingdom, crptogamae: thallophyte, bryophyte, pteridophyte produced by spores.
    • phanaerogamae (seed bearing) gymnosperms and angiosperms
  7. CHARLES BESSEY (1845- 1915)
    • student of Asa Gray, introduced new ideas about primitive and advanced characteristics of plants
    • evolutionary statement, statements= DICTA
  8. DICTA
    assumptions that describe evolutionary trends primitive condition to advanced condition
Card Set
Modern Period
Modern Period