Craven Ch 4 The Nurse's Role in Healthcare

  1. bundle
    A combination of patient care elements that can be consistently implemented to reduce harm
  2. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
    CMS - A federal organization that pays for healthcare for low-income and elderly people and tracks healthcare outcomes
  3. incident report
    A report filed that documents an accident or injury occurring in the hospital
  4. Institute for Healthcare Improvement
    An organization that focuses on safety of patients and that has developed a number of bundles of care to achieve that goal
  5. Institute of Medicine
    A professional organization that has identified six aims of 21st century healthcare: that all healthcare should be safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient, and equitable
  6. Patient-centered care
    Recognize the patient or designee as the source of control and full partner in providing compassionate and coordinated care based on respect for patient’s preferences, values, and needs.
  7. Teamwork and collaboration
    Function effectively within nursing and interprofessional teams, fostering open communication, mutual respect, and shared decision making to achieve quality patient care.
  8. EBP
    Evidence-based practice - Integrate best current evidence with clinical expertise and patient/family preferences and values for delivery of optimal healthcare.
  9. QI
    Quality improvement - Use data to monitor the outcomes of care processes and use improvement methods to design and test changes to continuously improve the quality and safety of healthcare systems.
  10. Safety
    Minimize risk of harm to patients and providers through both system effectiveness and individual performance.
  11. Informatics
    Use information and technology to communicate, manage knowledge, mitigate error, and support decision making.
  12. healthcare
    that all healthcare should be safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient, and equitable
  13. just culture
    An approach to error evaluation that examines the nature of the error to assist in determining the appropriate response to the individual who made the error
  14. quality
    The excellence or superiority of something; often viewed on a continuum, from poor quality to high quality
  15. Quality and Safety Education for Nurses
    A project designed to provide a framework for the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for future nurses
  16. root cause analysis
    RCA - A process used to determine the underlying cause of an event. Asking why 5 times.
  17. safety
    The avoidance or prevention of adverse outcomes for patients
  18. safety science
    The study of safety knowledge and technology to prevent harm to patients
  19. sentinel event
    Safety error in which hospitals are required to report serious safety events to regulatory agencies and state health agencies
  20. Tall Man Letters
    Medications with similar names may lead to administration errors. The Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) has advocated a system of using capitalized letters within a drug name to differentiate drugs with similar names.
  21. CLABSI
    • Care bundle: central line–associated bloodstream infection. 5 elements:
    • -Hand hygiene
    • -Maximal barrier precautions during insertion of the line (sterile gown and gloves, cap, face shield, sterile drape)
    • -Preparation of skin at insertion site with chlorhexidine
    • -Optimal catheter site selection, avoiding the femoral vein site in adults
    • -Daily review of line necessity with prompt removal when no longer needed
  22. Value-Based Purchasing
    VBP - CMS adjusts hospital reimbursement based on adherence to guidelines for processes and outcomes of care and patient satisfaction.
  23. Latent errors
    Latent errors are those due to systems issues. The effects of latent errors may be apparent immediately and may certainly cause significant harm to patients.
Card Set
Craven Ch 4 The Nurse's Role in Healthcare
Terms for Exam 1 - Ch 4 of Craven