Gynecological Oncology II

  1. Why would a Gynecological Oncologist ask a patient about irregular spotting during period?
    It is a marker for endometrial or cervical cancer
  2. Thickening of the _______ lining (5mm) is the result of endometrial cancer. ____ is considered healthy.
    • endometrial 
    • 5mm
  3. If post-menopausal, any ______ at all would be considered a symptom of endometrial or cervical cancer
  4. Endo-cervical polyp
    cervical glands are a little more prominent, can be round or flat and red
  5. Colposcopy
    procedure for examining the cervix, vagina or vulva using an instrument called the colposcope
  6. Possible medicinal use of silver nitrate
    • prevent gonorrhea 
    • cauterize superficial bleeds
  7. Possible remedy for vaginal dryness
    pomegranate oil
  8. Morscellator
    is a surgical instrument used for division and removal of large masses of tissues during laparoscopic surgery. In laparoscopic hysterectomy the uterus is minced up, or morcellated, into smaller pieces inside the woman's belly cavity in order to extract from the abdomen.
  9. leiomyomatosis
    a disorder in which affected individuals tend to develop benign tumors containing smooth muscle tissue (leiomyomas) in the skin and, in females, the uterus.
  10. Tomoxifen is a chemotherapy drug that treats ______ cancers. It can also resulting in _______ of the endometrial lining
    • breast cancers
    • thickening
  11. Codeine is an ______ that is used to treat _____ as a cough medicine and for diarrhea. It can also cause _______
    • opiate
    • pain
    • constipation
  12. _____ _____ is needed when hemoglobin drops below 8.5
    Blood transfusion
  13. Immunotherapy attempts to stimulate the immune system t fight off or kill cancer cells. It possibly works better in females with the genetic mutation called ______. Name the two genes it affects and their function
    • BRCA mutation
    • BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes
    • They are tumor suppressor genes
  14. What makes recommending steroids a risk for diabetic patients?
    Steroids can raise blood sugar levels
  15. Marijuana can be recommended for patients experiencing?
    • Nausea
    • Lack of appetite
  16. Why do doctors avoid irradiating the liver to target tumors?
    Because radiation may destroy normal liver tissue as well as cancer cells, it can be used only in low doses for liver cancer, hepatocytes are too sensitive
  17. Radiation therapy cannot _____ liver cancer, but it may be used to _____ the tumor or _____ pain.
    • cure
    • shrink 
    • relieve
  18. Test that measures the amount of this protein that may appear in the blood of some people who have certain kinds of cancers, especially cancer of the large intestine (colon and rectal cancer).
    Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA) test
  19. PARP inhibitors can have side effects like ______ and ______
    nausea and anxiety
  20. Lymphedema
    also known as lymphoedema and lymphatic edema, is a condition of localized fluid retention and tissue swelling caused by a compromised lymphatic system, which normally returns interstitial fluid to the thoracic duct, then the bloodstream.
  21. Where can radiation cause bleeding
    • urethra (urine)
    • rectum (stool)
  22. colostomy
    a surgical operation in which a piece of the colon is diverted to an artificial opening in the abdominal wall so as to bypass a damaged part of the colon.
  23. Decadron is a ______. Name two side effects aside from increase in blood sugar levels
    • steroid
    • bloating and insomnia
  24. With chemotherapy, _______ doesn't get progressively worse, however, _______ will
    • nausea
    • neuropathy
  25. Taxotere is a cousin of _______, it has the same effect but does no damage to the _______.
    • Taxol
    • kidneys
  26. Migraines are worse around ______ _______
    bright lights (if possible they should be dimmed)
  27. Percocet is a combination of ________ and ________. It is a form of _______.
    • acetamenophine and oxycodone
    • morphine
Card Set
Gynecological Oncology II
Day 5, 8, 9