DHE 107 Oral Cavity and Pharynx Chapter 2

  1. The ___ of the face mark the anterior boundary of the oral cavity.
  2. The ___ of the face mark the posterior boundary of the oral cavity.
    pharynx or throat
  3. The ___ of the face mark the lateral boundaries of the oral cavity.
  4. The ___ of the face mark the superior boundary of the oral cavity.
  5. The ___ is the inferior border of the oral cavity.
    floor of the mouth
  6. Structures closest to the facial surface are?
  7. Facial structures closest to the lips are?
  8. Structures closes to the inner cheek are?
  9. structures closest to the tongue are?
  10. Lingual structures closest to the palate are?
  11. Upper and lower horseshoe-shaped spaces in the oral cavity between the lips and cheeks anteriorly and laterally and the teeth and their soft tissues medially and posteriorly are considered the____ and _____.
    maxillary and mandibular vestibules
  12. The oral vestibules (maxillary and mandibular vestibules) are lined by a mucous membrane called?
    oral mucosa
  13. The inner parts of the lips are lined by a pink ____.
    labial mucosa
  14. The labial mucosa is continuous with the equally pink ___ that lines the inner cheek.
    buccal mucosa
  15. The buccal mucosa covers a dense pad of underlying fat tissue at the posterior part of each vestibule which is  the _____ and acts as a protective cushion during mastication.
    buccal fat pad
  16. On the inner part of the buccal mucosa, just opposite the maxillary second molar, is a small elevation of tissue is the _____ which protects the opening of the parotid duct.
    parotid papilla
  17. Deep within each oral vestibule is the _____.
    vestibular fornix
  18. where the pink labial mucosa or buccal mucosa meets the redder alveolar mucosa is the _____.
    mucobuccal fold
  19. _____ is a fold of tissue located at the midline between the labial mucosa and the alveolar mucosa on the upper and lower dental arches.
    labial frenum
  20. The _____ are the bony extensions of the maxilla and mandible that contain each tooth socket or alveolus of the teeth.
    alveolar processes
  21. The ____ is the facial part of the alveolus of the canine which is placed vertically and prominent to the maxilla.
    canine eminence
  22. All of the teeth are attached to the bony surface of the alveoli by the fibrous _____, which allows some slight tooth movement within the alveolus while supporting the tooth.
    periodontal ligaments (PDL)
  23. Each mature and fully erupted teeth consists of both the _____ and _____.
    crown, root
  24. The crown of the tooth is composed of?
    • enamel- extremely hard layer
    • dentin-moderately hard inner layer overlying the pulp of the tooth
  25. What is the outermost layer of the root composed of?
  26. the ___ is just distal to the last tooth of the maxillary arch is a tissue-covered elevation of the bone.
    maxillary tuberosity
  27. The ____ is located on the lower jaw which is a dense pad of  tissue in the last tooth of the mandibular arch.
    retromolar pad
  28. The ______ are in the front of the mouth , the incisors and canines.
    anterior teeth
  29. Teeth located in the back of the mouth, molars and premolars are considered?
    posterior teeth
  30. The tooth types in both arches of the teeth of children are?
    primary teeth
  31. Adult teeth are called?
    permanent teeth
  32. _____ is a normal variation noted usually on the facial surface of the alveolar process of the maxillary arch. They are developmental growths of normal bone with a possible hereditary etiology and may be associated with occlusal trauma.
  33. ____ is a normal variation noted on the lingual aspect of the mandibular arch.
    torus, tori
  34. The _____ are soft tissue gums that surround the maxillary teeth and mandibular teeth in the alveoli and cover each of the alveolar processes
  35. The ____ if the gingival tissue that tightly adheres to the bone around the roots of the teeth.
    attached gingiva
  36. The scallo-shaped _____ is the line demarcation between the firmer and pinker attached gingiva and the movable and redder alveolar mucosa.
    mucogingival junction
  37. The ___ is located at the gingival margin of each tooth and forms a cuff above the neck of the tooth.
    marginal gingiva
  38. The ___ is the inner surface of the gingival tissue with each tooth which faces a space.
    gingival sulcus
  39. The gingival tissue between adjacent teeth is an extension of attached gingiva and is considered the _______ and each extension being an _____.
    Interdental gingiva, interdental papilla
  40. The inside of the mouth is known as the?
    oral cavity proper
  41. The ____ are located posteriorly in the opening from the oral cavity proper into the pharynx or throat.
  42. The fauces of the oral cavity proper are formed laterally on each side by the?
    anterior faucial pillar and posterior faucial pillar
  43. The ____ are located between the anterior faucial pillar and posterior faucial pillar.
    palatine tonsils
  44. The roof of the mouth is called?
  45. The firmer anterior part of the palate is called?
    hard palate
  46. The _____ is a midline ridge of tissue on the hard palate and overlies the bony fusion of the palate.
    median palatine raphe
  47. ____ is a small bulge of tissue at the most anterior part of the hard palate, lingual to the anterior teeth.
    incisive papilla
  48. _____ are firm, irregular ridges of tissue radiating from the incisive papilla and median palatine raphe.
    palatine rugae
  49. The _____ is the looser posterior part of the palate.
    soft palate
  50. The ____ is  a midline muscular structure of the palate that hangs down the posterior margin of the soft palate.
  51. The ______ extends from the junction of hard palate and soft palate down to the mandible, just behind the most distal mandibular tooth and stretches when the mouth is opened wider.
    pterygomandibular fold
  52. The top part of the tongue is the?
    dorsal surface
  53. The slender threadlike whitish lingual papillae are the _____ which give the dorsal surface its velvety texture of the tongue.
    filiform lingual papillae
  54. The reddish, smaller, mushroom-shaped dots on the dorsal surface of the tongue are?
    fungiform lingual papillae
  55. The 10 to 14 larger mushroom-shaped lingual papillae are the _____ which line up along the anterior side of the sulcus terminalis on the body of the tongue.
    circumvallate lingual papillae
  56. The side of the tongue is the?
    lateral surface
  57. The lateral surface (side) of the tongue has vertical ridges called?
    foliate lingual papillae
  58. The division of the pharynx that is superior to the level of the soft palate is the______ and is continuous with the nasal cavity.
  59. The division that is between the soft palate and the opening of the larynx is the _____.
    • oropharynx 
    • oral part of pharynx
Card Set
DHE 107 Oral Cavity and Pharynx Chapter 2
Oral Cavity and Pharynx Chapter 2