DHE 107 Face and Neck Regions

  1. Dental professionals must be confortably familiar with the surface anatomy of the ____.
    face and neck
  2. Examination of the face and neck by ___ and ____ can give information about the health of deeper tissues.
    visualization, palpation
  3. A change in a surface feature in a given person may signal a condition of clinical significance and must be noted in the ___ as well ass correctly followed up by the examining dental professional.
    patient record
  4. It is NOT the variations among individuals that should be noted but the ____.
    changes in a particular individual
  5. ____ are located in certain areas of the face and head and when palpable should bee noted in the patient record.
    Lymph Nodes
  6. ____ are bean-shaped bodies grouped in clusters along the connecting lymphatic vessels, positioned to filter toxic products from the lymph to prevent their entry into the blood.
    Lymph nodes
  7. The ____ region includes the forehead and the area above the eyes.
  8. How is a Frontal region examined?
    Standing near the patient, the area above the eyes and forehead is visually inspected and bilaterally palpated.
  9. The eyeball and all its supporting structures are contained in the bony socket or orbit of what region?
    Orbital region
  10. How is the Orbital region examined?
    by standing near the patient and visually inspecting the eyes and their movements and responses.
  11. What is the main feature of the Nasal Region?
    External nose
  12. The ___ is located between the eyes.
    root of the nose
  13. What is the tip of the nose called?
    apex of the nose
  14. Inferior to the apex on each side of the nose is a ____.
    nostril or naris
  15. The nares are separated by the midline ___ of the nose.
    nasal septum
  16. The nares are bounded laterally by winglike cartilaginous structures called ____.
  17. How is the Nasal region examined?
    Standing near the patient, the external nose is visually inspected and palpated by starting at the root of the nose and proceeding to its apex.
  18. which region is located inferior to the orbital region and lateral to the nasal region?
    infraorbital region
  19. what region overlies the bony support for the cheek (zygomatic arch)?
    Zygomatic region
  20. Where does the upper skull form a joint with the lower jaw?
    Temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
  21. What region is composed of the soft tissues of the cheek?
    Buccal region
  22. One of the muscles forming the cheek is the strong _____.
    masseter muscle
  23. The sharp angle of the lower jaw inferior to the earlobe is termed the _____.
    angle of the mandible
  24. The ____ has a small part tthat can be palpated in the buccal region as well as in the zygomatic region.
    parotid slivary gland
  25. Parotid duct is also known as?
    Stensen duct
  26. The sublingual duct is also known as?
  27. The submandibular duct is also known as?
  28. How are infraorbital, zygomatic, and buccal regions examined?
    by standing near the patient, and visually inspecting and palpating bilaterally,
  29. The ___ are fleshy folds that mark the gateway of the oral cavity proper.
  30. Each lips ____ has a darker appearance than the surrounding skin.
    vermilion zone
  31. The lips are outlined from the surrounding skin by a transition zone called the ____.
    vermilion border
  32. The ___ is located on the midline of the upper lip, extending downward from the nasal septum, is a vertical groove.
  33. The ___ is where the philtrum terminates in a thicker area of the midline of the upper lip.
    tubercle of the upper lip
  34. The ___ is where the upper and lower lips meet at each corner of the mouth.
    labial commissure
  35. How are lips examined?
    bidigitally palpated as well as visually inspected in a systemic manner, from one commissure to the other.
  36. What is the main feature on the Mental Region?
  37. What bone is underlying the mental region?
    mandible lower jaw
  38. The midline of the Mental region is marked by the?
    mandibular symphysis
  39. On the lateral aspect of the mandible, the stout, flat plate of the ___ extends upward and backward from the body of the mandible on each side.
  40. At the anterior border of the ramus is a thin, sharp margin that terminates in the ____.
    coronoid process
  41. The main part of the anterior border of the ramus forms a concave forward curve which is the _____.
    coronoid notch
  42. The posterior border of the ramus is thickened and extends from the angle of the mandible to a projection which is the ___.
    mandibular condyle
  43. The ___ is an oval head involved in the TMJ.
    articulating surface of the condyle
  44. How is the mental region examined?
    visually inspected and bilaterally palpated
  45. The large strap muscle,____ is located on each side of the neck and is used for dividing the neck into further regions.
    sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM)
  46. At the anterior midline of the neck is the ___, which is suspended in the neck.
    hyoid bone
  47. ___ is found in the anterior midline, inferior the hyoid bone which is the prominence of the "voice box" or larynx.
    thyroid cartilage
  48. ____ is an endocrine gland that can be palpated on a patient within the midline cervical area. Located inferior to the thyroid cartilage at the junction of the larynx and the trachea.
    thyroid gland
Card Set
DHE 107 Face and Neck Regions
Face and Neck Regions Chapter 1 Illustrated Dental Embryology, Histology, and Anatomy