directional terms

  1. superior
    toward the head end of the body; upper (example, the hand is part of the superior extremity).
  2. Inferior
    away from the head; lower (example, the foot is part of the inferior extremity).
  3. Anterior/ventral
    front (example, the kneecap is located on the anterior side of the leg).
  4. Posterior/dorsal
    back (example, the shoulder blades are located on the posterior side of the body).
  5. Medial
    toward the midline of the body (example, the middle toe is located at the medial side of the foot).
  6. Lateral
    away from the midline of the body (example, the little toe is located at the lateral side of the foot).
  7. Proximal
    toward or nearest the trunk or the point of origin of a part (example, the proximal end of the femur joins with the pelvic bone).
  8. Distal
    away from or farthest from the trunk or the point or origin of a part (example, the hand is located at the distal end of the forearm).
  9. Superficial
    Close to the surface of the body
  10. Deep
    Away from the surface of the body
  11. Midline
    An imaginary vertical line that divides the body equally (right down the middle
  12. oral
    pertaining to the mouth
  13. orbital
    pertaining to the eye (occulus)
  14. buccal
    pertaining to the cheek
  15. cervical
    pertaining to the neck
  16. thoracic
    pertaining to the chest (thorax)
  17. axillary
    pertaining to the armpit
  18. brachial
    pertaining to the arm
  19. antecubital
    inside/front of elbow
  20. umbilical
    pertaining to the bellybutton (navel)
  21. abdominal
    pertaining to the abdomen
  22. inguinal
    pertaining to the groin
  23. femoral
    pertaining to the femur (thigh)
  24. pubic
    pertaining to the pubis (sex organs)
  25. patellar
    pertaining to the patella (kneecap)
  26. digital
    pertaining to the phalanges (fingers)
  27. lumbar
    pertaining to the lower middle back
  28. occipital
    pertaining to the back of head
  29. gluteal
    pertaining to the buttocks
  30. scapular
    relating to the shoulder or shoulder blade
  31. popliteal
    pertaining to the back of the knee
  32. sural
    pertaining to the calf
  33. calcaneal
    pertaining to the heel of the foot
  34. axial
    head, neck, and trunk
  35. appendicular
    upper and lower limbs
  36. sagital plane
    divides body into left and right sides
  37. frontal plane
    divides body into front and back portions
  38. transverse plane
    divides body into head and tail portions
  39. what are the abdominopelvic quadrants?
    • left upper quadrant, right upper quadrant, left lower quadrant, right lower quadrant
    • Image Upload 2
  40. what are the abdominopelvic reigons?
    • left hypochondriac, epigastric, right hypochondriac, left lumbar, umbilical, right lumbar, left iliac, hypogastric, right iliac
    • Image Upload 4
  41. what is encompassed in the dorsal cavity?
    the cranial (brain) and vertebral cavity (spinal cord)
  42. what is encompassed in the ventral cavity?
    the thoracic cavity (heart and lungs) and abdominopelvic cavity
  43. what is encompassed in the pelvic cavity?
    rectum, bladder, urethra, and reproductive organs.
  44. name the organs in the upper region of the abdominal cavity
    • Left hypochondriac- stomach and spleen
    • gastric- esophagus and stomach
    • right hypochondriac- liver and gallbladder
  45. name the organs in the middle region of the abdominial cavity
    • left lumbar- small intestine, descending colon, and kidney
    • umbilical- stomach, pancreas, and small intestine
    • right lumbar- ascending colon, small intestine, and kidney
  46. name the organs in the lower reigion of the abdominal cavity
    • left iliac- sigmoid colon, ovary, uterine tube
    • hypogastric- small intestie and bladder
    • right iliac- appendix, ovary, and uterine tube
  47. name the organs in each quadrant
    • right upper- liver and gallbladder
    • left upper- spleen and stomach
    • right lower- appendix, right ovary, and uterine tube
    • left lower- sigmoid colon, left ovary, and uterine tube
Card Set
directional terms