chromosome

  1. -theory
    -chromosomes are cellular components that physically contain genes
    Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
  2. Chromosome Theory of Inheritance was proposed by?
    • Walter Sutton
    • Theodore Boveri
  3. genes aka
    Mendel's factors
  4. the location of Mendel's factors/genes was described by
    Thomas Hunt Morgan
  5. tiny biochemical structures found inside cell that carry traits from one gen. to the next
    genes
  6. genes are made up of a chemical called
    DNA
  7. genes have the instructions for making thousands of chemical building blocks in the body called
    proteins
  8. _________ are strung together to form long chains of _________ in structure known as ___________
    • genes
    • DNA
    • chromosomes
  9. every individual has ____ genes for every trait, _____ from mother and ____ from father
    • 2
    • 1
    • 1
  10. threadlike structure of nucleic acids & proteins
    chromosomes
  11. chromosomes are located where?
    nucleus
  12. chromosomes carry genetic information in the form of
    genes
  13. chromosomes are first observed in plant cell by
    Karl Wilhelm von Nageli
  14. chromosomes observed in salamander (animal), described by?
    Walter Flemming
  15. discoverer of mitosis
    Walter Flemming
  16. the term chromosomes was coined by
    von Waldeyer
  17. set of chromosomes aka
    karyotype
  18. first to define karyotype as the phenotypic apppearance of somatic chromosomes
    Levitsky
  19. insisted on man having an XX/xy system
    Painter
  20. two chromatids held together by?
    centromere
  21. types of chromosomes
    • Autosomal chromosomes
    • sex chromosomes
  22. Autosomal chromosomes aka
    autosomes
  23. chromosomes other than sex chromosomes
    Autosomal chromosomes
  24. Autosomal chromosomes exist in ___________ pairs in ____ cells
    • homologous
    • diploid
  25. Autosomal chromosomes in humans
    1-22
  26. X & Y
    sex chromosomes
  27. sex chromosomes female
    XX
  28. sex chromosomes male
    XY
  29. general appearance of individual's chromosomes taking from somatic cell
    karyotype
  30. shows structural/numerical chromosome abnormalities
    karyotype
  31. karyotype is aligned according to?
    • size
    • shape
    • number
  32. karyotype: human male
    46XY
  33. karyotype: human female
    46XX
  34. karyotype: Down syndrome female
    47XX + 21
  35. karyotype: Turner syndrome
    45X0
Author
summerdhon
ID
333666
Card Set
chromosome
Description
cytop
Updated