Anatomical Position & 2 major divisons of the body

  1. erect
    facing forward
  2. feet
    slightly apart
  3. palms facing
    forward with thumbs pointed away from the body (palms facing forward)
  4. superior/ cranial
    • toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above
    • ex. the head is SUPERIOR to the abdomen
  5. inferior/ caudal
    • away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below
    • ex. the navel is INFERIOR to the chin
  6. anterior/ ventral
    • toward or at the front of the body; in front of
    • ex. the heart is ANTERIOR to the spine
  7. Posterior/ dorsal
    • toward or at the back of the body; behind
    • ex. the heart is POSTERIOR to the breastbone
  8. medial
    • toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of
    • ex. the heart is MEDIAL to the arm
  9. lateral
    • away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of 
    • ex. the arms are LATERAL to the chest
  10. intermediate
    • between a more medial and a more lateral structure
    • ex. the collarbone is INTERMEDIATE between the breastbone and shoulder
  11. proximal
    • closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
    • ex. the elbow is PROXIMAL to the wrist

    appendicular: talking about arms and legs
  12. distal
    • farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
    • ex. the knee is DISTAL to the thigh

    appendicular: talking about arms and legs
  13. superficial (external)
    • toward or at the body surface
    • ex. the skin is SUPERFICIAL to the skeletal muscles
  14. deep (internal)
    • away from the body surface; more internal
    • ex. the lungs are DEEP to the skin
Author
sanch97
ID
333624
Card Set
Anatomical Position & 2 major divisons of the body
Description
reference to the anatomical position
Updated