Chapter 3

  1. ankyl/o
    crooked, bent, stiff
  2. arthr/o
  3. burs/o
  4. condo/i, chondr/o
  5. cost/o
  6. crani/o
  7. -desis
    to bind, tie together
  8. kyph/o
    bent, hump
  9. lord/o
    curve, swayback, bent
  10. -lysis
    loosening or setting free
  11. myel/o
    spinal cord, bone marrow
  12. oss/e, oss/i, ost/o, oste/o
  13. scoli/o
    curved, bent
  14. spondyl/o
    vertebrae, vertebral column, backbone
  15. synovi/o, synov/o
    synovial membrane, synovial fluid
  16. acetabulum
    The large circular cavity in each side of the pelvis that articulates with the head of the femur to form the hip joint; commonly known as the hip socket
  17. allogenic
    Originating within another
  18. ankylosing spondylitis
    A form of rheumatoid arthritis that primarily causes inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae
  19. arthrodesis
    The surgical fusion of two bones to stiffen a joint
  20. arthrolysis
    The surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint
  21. arthroscopy
    The visual examination of the internal structure of a joint
  22. autologous
    Originating within the individual
  23. avascular necrosis
    An area of bone tissue death caused by insufficient blood flow
  24. chondromalacia
    The abnormal softening of cartilage
  25. comminuted fracture
    A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed
  26. compression fracture
    Occurs when the bone is pressed together on itself
  27. costochondritis
    An inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum
  28. craniostenosis
    A malformation of the skull due to the premature closure of the cranial sutures
  29. crepitation
    The grating sound heard when the ends of a broken bone move together
  30. dual x-ray absorptiometry
    A low-exposure radiographic measurement of the spine and hips that measures bone density
  31. gout
    A type of arthritis characterized by deposits of uric acid crystals in the joints
  32. hallux valgus
    An abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe; also known as a bunion
  33. hemarthrosis
    Blood within a joint
  34. hemopoietic
    Pertaining to the formation of blood cells
  35. internal fixation
    A fracture treatment in which a plate or pins are placed directly into the bone to hold the broken pieces in place
  36. juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
    An autoimmune disorder that affects children ages 16 years or younger, with symptoms that include stiffness, pain, joint swelling, skin rash, fever, slowed growth, and fatigue
  37. kyphosis
    • An abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side
    • also known as humpback or dowager's hump
  38. laminectomy
    The surgical removal of a lamina from a vertebra
  39. lordosis
    • An abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine
    • also known as swayback
  40. lumbago
    Pain in the lumbar region of the spine; also known as low back pain
  41. malleolus
    The rounded bony projection on the tibia and fibula on the sides of each ankle joint
  42. manubrium
    The bony structure that forms the upper portion of the sternum
  43. metacarpals
    The five bones that form the palms of the hand
  44. metatarsals
    The bones that form the part of the foot to which the toes are attached
  45. myeloma
    A type of cancer that occurs in blood-making cells found in the red bone marrow
  46. open fracture
    • A break in which the bone is broken and there is an open wound in the skin
    • also known as a compound fracture
  47. orthopedic surgeon
    A physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders involving the bones, joints, and muscles; also known as an orthopedist
  48. orthotic
    A mechanical appliance such as a leg brace or splint that is specially designed to control, correct, or compensate for impaired limb function
  49. osteitis
    Inflammation of a bone
  50. osteoarthritis
    The type of arthritis most commonly associated with aging; also known as wear-and-tear arthritis
  51. osteochondroma
    A benign bony projection covered with cartilage
  52. osteoclasis
    The surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity
  53. osteomalacia
    Abnormal softening of bones in adults
  54. osteomyelitis
    Inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone
  55. osteopenia
    Thinner-than-average bone density
  56. osteoporosis
    A marked loss of bone density and an increase in bone porosity frequently associated with aging
  57. osteoporotic hip fracture
    A broken bone usually caused by weakening of the bones due to osteoporosis and can occur either spontaneously or as the result of a fall
  58. osteorrhaphy
    Surgical suturing or wiring together of bones
  59. Paget’s disease
    A disease of unknown origin that is characterized by extensive breakdown of bone tissue followed by abnormal bone formation
  60. pathologic fracture
    When a bone breaks under normal strain because the bone has been weakened by osteoporosis or by a disease process such as cancer
  61. percutaneous vertebroplasty
    A minimally invasive procedure performed to treat osteoporosis-related compression fractures of the spine
  62. periostitis
    An inflammation of the periosteum
  63. podiatrist
    A specialist in diagnosing and treating disorders of the foot
  64. polymyalgia rheumatica
    An inflammatory disorder of the muscles and joints characterized by pain and stiffness in the neck, shoulders, upper arms, and hips and thighs
  65. prosthesis
    A substitute for a diseased or missing body part, such as a leg that has been amputated
  66. rheumatoid arthritis
    A chronic autoimmune disorder in which the joints and some organs of other body systems are attacked
  67. rickets
    A deficiency disease occurring in children characterized by defective bone growth and caused by a lack of vitamin D
  68. scoliosis
    An abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
  69. spina bifida
    A congenital defect that occurs during early pregnancy in which the spinal canal fails to close completely around the spinal cord to protect it
  70. spiral fracture
    A fracture in which the bone has been twisted apart
  71. spondylolisthesis
    The forward slipping movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra or sacrum below it
  72. spondylosis
    A degenerative disorder that can cause the loss of normal spinal structure and function; also known as spinal osteoarthritis
  73. subluxation
    The partial displacement of a bone from its joint
  74. synovectomy
    The surgical removal of a synovial membrane from a joint
  75. vertebrae
    The bony structural units of the spinal column
Card Set
Chapter 3
chapter 3