Chapter 15

  1. albumin/o
    albumin, protein
  2. calc/i
    calcium, lime, the heel
  3. -centesis
    surgical puncture to remove fluid
  4. creatin/o
  5. glycos/o
    glucose, sugar
  6. -graphy
    the process of producing a picture or record
  7. hemat/o
    blood, relating to the blood
  8. lapar/o
    abdomen, abdominal wall
  9. -otomy
    cutting, surgical incision
  10. phleb/o
  11. radi/o
    radiation, x-rays
  12. -scope
    instrument for visual examination
  13. -scopy
    visual examination
  14. son/o
  15. -uria
    urination, urine
  16. acetaminophen
    An analgesic that reduces pain and fever, but does not relieve inflammation
  17. acupuncture
    A traditional Chinese medical practice using thin needles inserted into specific points of the body
  18. albuminuria
    The presence of the protein albumin in the urine; a sign of impaired kidney function
  19. analgesic
    The class of drugs that relieves pain without affecting consciousness
  20. antipyretic
    Medication administered to prevent or reduce fever
  21. arthrocentesis
    The surgical puncture of a joint space to remove synovial fluid for analysis
  22. auscultation
    Listening through a stethoscope for sounds within the body
  23. bacteriuria
    The presence of bacteria in the urine
  24. bruit
    An abnormal sound heard during auscultation of an artery
  25. calciuria
    The abnormal presence of calcium in the urine
  26. compliance
    The patient's consistency and accuracy in following the regimen prescribed by a physician or other health care professional
  27. computed tomography
    A thin fan-shaped x-ray beam that rotates around the patient to produce multiple cross-sectional views of the body
  28. contraindication
    A factor in a patient's condition that makes the use of a medication or specific treatment dangerous or ill advised
  29. creatinuria
    An increased concentration of creatinine in the urine
  30. echocardiography
    An ultrasonic diagnostic procedure used to evaluate the structures and motion of the heart
  31. endoscope
    A small flexible tube with a light and a lens on the end
  32. fluoroscopy
    An imaging technique used to visualize body parts in motion by projecting x-ray images on a luminous fluorescent screen
  33. glycosuria
    The presence of glucose in the urine
  34. hematocrit
    The percentage, by volume, of a blood sample occupied by red blood cells
  35. hematuria
    The presence of blood in the urine
  36. hyperthermia
    An extremely high fever
  37. hypothermia
    An abnormally low body temperature
  38. idiosyncratic reaction
    An unexpected reaction to a drug that is peculiar to an individual
  39. interventional radiology
    The use of radiographic imaging to guide a procedure such as a biopsy
  40. intradermal injection
    The administration of medication by injection into the middle layers of the skin
  41. intramuscular injection
    The administration of medication by injection directly into muscle tissue
  42. intravenous injection
    The administration of medication by injection directly into a vein
  43. ketonuria
    The presence of ketones in the urine
  44. laparoscopy
    The visual examination of the interior of the abdomen with the use of a laparoscope
  45. lithotomy position
    An examination position in which the patient is lying on the back with the feet and legs raised and supported in stirrups
  46. magnetic resonance imaging
    An imaging technique that uses a combination of radio waves and a strong magnetic field to create signals that are sent to a computer and converted into images of any plane through the body; also known as MRI
  47. ophthalmoscope
    An instrument used to examine the interior of the eye
  48. otoscope
    An instrument used to visually examine the external ear canal and tympanic membrane
  49. palliative
    A substance that eases the pain or severity of the symptoms of a disease but does not cure it
  50. parenteral
    Taken into the body, or administered, in a manner other than through the digestive tract
  51. percussion
    A diagnostic procedure to determine the density of a body area that uses the sound produced by tapping the surface with the fingers
  52. perfusion
    The flow of blood through an organ
  53. pericardiocentesis
    A surgical puncture to draw fluid from the pericardial sac for the purpose of removing fluid
  54. phlebotomy
    The puncture of a vein for the purpose of drawing blood; also known as venipuncture
  55. placebo
    An inactive substance that is given only for its suggestive effects
  56. positron emission tomography
    An imaging technique that combines tomography with radionuclide tracers to produce enhanced images of selected body organs or areas
  57. prone position
    An examination position in which the patient is lying on the abdomen with the face down
  58. proteinuria
    The presence of an abnormal amount of protein in the urine
  59. pyuria
    The presence of pus in the urine
  60. radiolucent
    A substance that allows x-rays to pass through and appears black or dark gray on the resulting film
  61. radiopaque
    A substance that does not allow x-rays to pass through and appears white or light gray on the resulting film
  62. rales
    Abnormal crackle-like lung sounds heard through a stethoscope during inspiration
  63. recumbent
    Any position in which the patient is lying down. This can be on the back, front, or side
  64. rhonchi
    Coarse rattling breath sounds that are somewhat like snoring
  65. Sims’ position
    An examination position in which the patient is lying on the left side with the right knee and thigh drawn up and the left arm placed along the back
  66. single photon emission computed tomography
    A type of nuclear imaging test that produces 3D computer-reconstructed images showing perfusion through tissues and organs
  67. speculum
    An instrument used to enlarge the opening of any canal or cavity to facilitate inspection of its interior
  68. sphygmomanometer
    An instrument used to measure blood pressure
  69. stethoscope
    An instrument used to listen to sounds within the body
  70. stridor
    An abnormal, high-pitched, musical breathing sound caused by a blockage in the throat or in the larynx (voice box)
  71. subcutaneous injection
    The administration of medication by injection into the fatty layer just below the skin
  72. transdermal
    Medication administered from a patch that is applied to unbroken skin
  73. transesophageal echocardiography
    An ultrasonic imaging technique that is performed from inside the esophagus to evaluate heart structures
  74. ultrasonography
    The imaging of deep body structures by recording the echoes of sound wave pulses that are above the range of human hearing; also known as ultrasound and diagnostic ultrasound
  75. urinalysis
    The examination of the physical and chemical properties of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements
Card Set
Chapter 15
Unit 1 - chapter 15