Chapter 2

  1. aden/o
  2. adip/o
  3. anter/o
    before, front
  4. caud/o
    lower part of body, tail
  5. cephal/o
  6. cyt/o, -cyte
  7. end-, endo-
    in, within, inside
  8. exo-
    out of, outside, away from
  9. hist/o
  10. -ologist
  11. -ology
    the science or study of
  12. path/o, -pathy
    disease, suffering, feeling, emotion
  13. plas/i, plas/o, -plasia
    development, growth, formation
  14. poster/o
    behind, toward the back
  15. -stasis, -static
    control, maintenance of a constant level
  16. abdominal cavity
    The body cavity that contains the major organs of digestion
  17. adenectomy
    The surgical removal of a gland
  18. adenocarcinoma
    A malignant tumor that originates in glandular tissue
  19. adenoma
    A benign tumor that arises in or resembles glandular tissue
  20. adenomalacia
    Abnormal softening of a gland
  21. adenosclerosis
    Abnormal hardening of a gland
  22. anaplasia
    A change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other
  23. anatomy
    The study of the structures of the body
  24. anomaly
    A deviation from what is regarded as normal
  25. anterior
    Situated in front
  26. aplasia
    The defective development or congenital absence of an organ or tissue
  27. bloodborne transmission
    The spread of a disease through contact with blood or other body fluids contaminated with blood
  28. caudal
    Toward the lower part of the body
  29. cephalic
    Toward the head
  30. chromosome
    A genetic structure located within the nucleus of each cell
  31. communicable disease
    Any disease transmitted from one person to another either directly or by indirect contact with contaminated objects
  32. congenital disorder
    An abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth
  33. cytoplasm
    The material located within the cell membrane that is not part of the nucleus
  34. distal
    Situated farthest from the midline or beginning of a body structure
  35. dorsal
    Back of the body or organ
  36. dysplasia
    Abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, or organs
  37. endemic
    Referring to the ongoing presence of a disease, such as the common cold, within a population, group, or area
  38. endocrine glands
    Glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
  39. epidemic
    A sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease within a specific population group or area
  40. epigastric region
    The region located above the stomach
  41. etiology
    The study of the causes of diseases
  42. exocrine glands
    Glands that secrete chemical substances into ducts leading either to other organs or out of the body
  43. functional disorder
    Produces symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified
  44. genetic disorder
    A pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene
  45. geriatrician
    A physician who specializes in the care of older people
  46. hemophilia
    A group of hereditary bleeding disorders in which a blood-clotting factor is missing
  47. histology
    The microscopic study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues
  48. homeostasis
    The processes through which the body maintains a constant internal environment
  49. hyperplasia
    The enlargement of an organ or tissue because of an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the tissues
  50. hypertrophy
    A general increase in the bulk of a body part or organ that is due to an increase in the size, but not in the number, of the cells in the tissues
  51. hypogastric region
    The region of the abdomen that is located below the stomach
  52. hypoplasia
    The incomplete development of an organ or tissue usually due to a deficiency in the number of cells
  53. iatrogenic illness
    Unfavorable response due to prescribed medical treatment
  54. idiopathic disorder
    An illness without known cause
  55. infectious disease
    Illness caused by a living pathogenic organisms such as bacteria and viruses
  56. inguinal
    Relating to the groin; refers to the entire lower portion of the abdomen including the groin
  57. medial
    The direction toward or nearer the midline
  58. mesentery
    The fused double layer of the parietal peritoneum that attaches parts of the intestine to the interior abdominal wall
  59. midsagittal plane
    The vertical plane that divides the body, from top to bottom, into equal left and right halves
  60. nosocomial infection
    A disease acquired in a hospital or clinical setting
  61. pandemic
    A disease outbreak occurring over a large geographic area, possibly worldwide
  62. pelvic cavity
    The space formed by the hip bones that contains the organs of the reproductive and excretory systems
  63. peritoneum
    The multilayered membrane that protects and holds the organs in place within the abdominal cavity
  64. peritonitis
    Inflammation of the peritoneum
  65. phenylketonuria
    A genetic disorder in which the essential digestive enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase is missing
  66. physiology
    The study of the functions of the body structures
  67. posterior
    Situated in back or on the back part of an organ
  68. proximal
    Situated nearest the midline or beginning of a body structure
  69. retroperitoneal
    Located behind the peritoneum
  70. stem cells
    Unspecialized cells that renew themselves for long periods of time through cell division
  71. thoracic cavity
    The cavity that surrounds and protects the heart and the lungs; also known as the chest cavity
  72. transverse plane
    The horizontal plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions
  73. umbilicus
    The pit in the center of the abdominal wall that marks where the umbilical cord was attached before birth
  74. vector-borne transmission
    The spread of a disease due to the bite of a vector capable of transmitting that disease
  75. ventral
    Refers to the front or belly side of the body or organ
Card Set
Chapter 2
unit 1, chapter 2