Final - Infection Prevention

  1. Type of immunity that mom passes to baby?
    passive immunity
  2. Type of immunity that you get from having the disease or receiving a vaccination?
    Active Immunity
  3. This type of transmission occurs with larger particles that carry 3-6 feet
  4. This type of transmission occurs with smaller particles and travel through the air
    airborne transmission
  5. This type of transmission occurs when you touch something that has a pathogen on it (a table, door handle)
    indirect contact
  6. This type of transmission occurs when a pathogen enters an open wound or tissue
    direct contact
  7. standard precautions +3 refers to
    • respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette
    • safe injection practices
    • infection control practices for LP's
  8. How many air exchanges per hour are required for airborne isolation rooms?
    • new building: 12 air exchanges per hour
    • old building: 6 air exchanges per hour
  9. What is CA senate bill 1058?
    • MRSA screen on all pt’s admitted to: 
    • NICU
    • ICU
    • hemo or peritoneal dialysis,
    • skilled nursing facility
    • readmitted within 30-days.
  10. Why is c-diff difficult to control?
    Live long periods of time in the environment and difficult to kill
  11. What should be do for patients taking antibiotics to reduce the risk for c-diff?
    1) probiotic

    2) H2 blocker like pepcid will help better – keeps ph in gut higher to help prevent c-diff

    3) Limit duration of ABX
  12. Stool samples for c-diff testing should be sent within?
    2 hours
  13. Droplet precautions are to be used for what type of infectious agents?
    • Rubella
    • Mumps
    • Parvovirus
    • Meningococcal disease
    • Pertussis
    • Pneumonic plague
    • Diphtheria
    • Respiratory Syncytial Virus
    • Influenza, confirmed or highly suspected
  14. What type of mask must health providers use with droplet precautions?
    • regular surgical mask
    • door can be open
  15. Enhanced droplet precautions are used for H1N1 and include?
    • regular hospital room
    • door closed
    • Health provider must wear N95
    • standard precautions with blood/body fluids
  16. What type of infectious agents do we see with airborne precautions?
    • rubeola virus
    • varicella virus [chickenpox]
    • varicella zoster [shingles]
    • mycobacterium
    • tuberculosis
    • and possibly SARS-CoV
    • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus [MERS-CoV])
  17. How long is Zika Virus present in semen?
    62 days
  18. How long is Zika Virus present in the blood?
    7-14 days
  19. How long is Zika Virus present in pregnant women?
    10 weeks
  20. How long is Zika Virus present in the urine?
    10 days
  21. The ability to cause disease
  22. the frequency or degree with which a pathogen causes disease and its ability to invade and damage a host
Card Set
Final - Infection Prevention
Final - Infection Prevention