What is IPB?
A systematic process of analyzing and visualizing the portions of the mission variables of the threat, terrain, weather, and civil considerations in a specific area of interest and for a specific mission.
IPB is a process employed as part of intelligence planning to ___________ concerning the enemy, terrain, weather, and civil considerations for all types of operations
What are the 4 steps of IPB?
- Define the Operational Environment
- Describe Environmental Effects on Operations
- Evaluate the Threat
- Determine Threat Courses of Action
What is the broad aspects of the environment, both military and nonmilitary, that may differ from one operational area to another and affect campaigns and major operations.
What are the Operational Variables?
- Physical Environment
What are the Mission Variables?
- Terrain and Weather
- Troops Available
- Time Available
- Civil Considerations
When is IPB performed?
Continuous, but begins during step 2 of MDMP.
Explain the difference between Operational and Mission variables?
OV's facilitate the understanding of the OE and are directly related to operational and strategic planning; MV's are those aspects of the OE that directly effect a mission.
What is the difference between the area of interest and the area of influence?
the area of interest is an area of concern to the commander including the area of influence which is a geographic area wherein a commander is directly capable of influencing operations
When describing the environmental effects on operations, what analysis is the staff focusing on?
How the environment will effect both threat and friendly operations
When conducting Step 2, describing the environmental effects on operations, what are our primary focus areas? (substeps)
Terrain analysis, weather analysis, and civil considerations
When describing the environment, what are the physical aspects of terrain?
- Observation and Fields of Fire
- Avenues of Approach
- Key Terrain
- Obstacles (MCOO)
- Cover and Concealment
What are the four basic techniques to evaluate the terrains effects on COAs?
Concentric ring, Belt, Avenue in depth, Box
What are the 6 characteristics the civil considerations is comprised of?
When determining likely threat COAs, what screening criteria do we utilize to analyze threat COAs?
What tools do we utilize to graphically depict enemy COAs?
Templates; (THREATEMP, MCOO, SITEMP, EVENTEMP, Event Matrix)
CCIR includes two key elements……..
- Priority Intelligence Requirements (PIR) and
- Friendly Force Information Requirements (FFIR)
When do you develop HVTL within IPB?
Step 3: Evaluate the Threat
What is PIR?
an intelligence requirement, stated by the commander as a priority for intelligence support, which the commander needs to support decision making and to understand the area of interest or the threat
What is a NAI?
The geographical area where information that will satisfy a specific information requirement can be collected –confirm/deny a particular enemy COA
What is a TAI?
The geographical area where high-value targets can be acquired and engaged by friendly forces –enemy forced to abandon a COA/adjust