Range Plants

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    Alkali sacaton (SporoboIus airoides) This coarsestemmed

    bunchgrass, 12 to 36 inches tall, grows in

    tough clumps with no rhizomes. The long, slender

    blades have hairs at the throat. The loosely flowered

    panicle is pyramid shaped. Spikelets are one-flowered

    on short pedicels. It grows in meadows and valleys,

    especially in alkaline soil. This grass, desirable to seed

    in salted-out sites, is relished by jackrabbits. It is adapted

    for vegetational areas 2, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 and is a

    perennial, warm, native grass that provides poor grazing

    for wildlife; fair grazing for livestock.
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    Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum) This 8- to 16-inch tall

    bunchgrass with erect stems often has thick, scaly

    rhizomes. Leaves generally are hairless. Inflorescence

    usually has two spike-like branches, 1½ to 4½ inches

    long, paired at the tip of the stem, one slightly below

    the other. This grass grows in vegetational areas 1 and

    2 in sites with adequate moisture and is a perennial,

    warm, introduced forage and hay grass that provides

    fair grazing for livestock but poor grazing for wildlife.
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    Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crusgalli var. crusgalli)

    This 12- to 48-inch grass has stout stems that grow from

    a somewhat decumbent base. Leaf sheaths are smooth

    with long, flat blades. The 2- to 5-inch long panicle

    usually is erect, but can be nodding. The racemes usually

    spread with maturity. Spikelets may have long awns

    with each floret covered with short spines. Seeds furnish

    some food for ground birds. This invading plant

    seldom is grazed by any animal and grows mostly in

    moist, poorly drained regions of areas 1 through 10, An

    annual, warm, introduced grass, Barnyardgrass
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    Beaked panicum (Panicum anceps) This 18- to 48-inch

    tall bunchgrass has stems growing from numerous scaly

    rhizomes. Sheaths are slightly hairy, with long leaves

    that are hairy on the upper part near the base. The

    panicle is long and spreading, with spikelets slightly

    l Extension project group supervisor in range science and range

    specialist and range brush and weed control specialist, The Texas

    A&M University System.

    curved and resembling a beak. This very palatable grass

    decreases with heavy grazing and grows mostly on

    sandy soils in areas 1, 2, 3 and 4. This perennial, warm

    native provides fair grazing for wildlife: good grazing for livestock
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    Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) This 4- to 12-inch

    tall, dark bluish-green sodgrass has rhizomes and stolons

    that take root at nodes. Internodes are flattened

    and the ligule is a conspicuous ring of white hairs. The

    inflorescence has three to six purple spikes, resembling

    a bird’s foot. This common lawn and pasture grass of

    the South is adapted in areas 1 through 10 and is a

    perennial, warm, introduced grass that provides
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    Big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii) A 36- to 60-inch

    tall bunchgrass that grows from short rootstock, big

    bluestem produces tall, slim culms, The lower sheaths

    and leaves usually are fuzzy and very hairy. Seedheads

    usually come out in three branches like a turkey foot.

    The ligule extends across the leaf collar. This grass,

    preferred by cattle, decreases with overgrazing, matures

    seed in fall and grows mostly in bottomland in areas 1

    through 10, This perennial, warm native provides poor

    • grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock.
    • Big cenchrus (Cenchrus myosuroides) This 36-
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    Big cenchrus (Cenchrus myosuroides) This 36- to

    60-inch tall bunchgrass has smooth stout stems growing

    from a decumbent base. The inflorescence is 2½ to 6

    inches long with each spikelet as a one-flowered bur

    with the bristle united at the base. The outer bristles

    are shorter, the inner as long as the spikelet. It grows

    on a variety of soils from sands to clays and decreases

    with heavy grazing. This is a good grass for seeding old

    fields and denuded rangelands where cattle are to be

    grazed, The spiny spikelets will cling to wool and

    mohair. This perennial, warm, native grass is adapted

    in areas 2 and 6 and provides fair grazing for wildlife;

    • good grazing for livestock.
    • Black grama (Bouteloua eriopoda
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    Black grama (Bouteloua eriopoda) This 12- to 24-inch

    tall grass has weak, crooked, slender, woolly stems

    which often take root at the swollen fuzzy joints. The

    internodes usually are green during winter. The seedhead

    contains three to eight narrow spikes. Black grama

    is a good source of vitamin A during winter. This grass

    decreases with heavy grazing, grows on gravelly uplands

    in areas 7, 8, 9 and 10 and is a perennial, warm

    • native that provides good grazing for wildlife and livestock.
    • Blue grama (Bouteloua
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Range Plants
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