Psy Chp 1

  1. Psychology
    the scientific study of thought and behavior
  2. Cognitive Psychology
    the study of how people perceive, remember, think, speak, and solve problems
  3. Developmental Psychology
    the study of how thought and behavior change and remain stable across the life span
  4. Behavioral Neuroscience
    the study of the links among brain, mind, and behavior
  5. Biological Psychology
    the study of the relationship between bodily systems and chemicals and how they influence behavior and thought
  6. Personality Psychology
    the study of what makes people unique and the consistencies in people’s behavior across time and situations
  7. Social Psychology
    the study of how living among others influences thought, feeling, and behavior
  8. Clinical Psychology
    the study of the treatment, emotional, and behavioral disorders and the promotion of psychological health
  9. Health Psychology
    the study of the role that psychological factors play in regard to physical health and illness
  10. Educational Psychology
    the study of how students learn, the effectiveness of particular teaching techniques, the social psychology of schools, and the psychology of teaching
  11. Industrial/ Organizational Psychology
    application of psychological concepts and questions to work settings
  12. Sports Psychology
    the study of psychological factors in sports and exercise. (Visualization)
  13. Forensic Psychology
    field that blends psychology, law, and criminal justice
  14. Shaman
    medicine men or women who treat people with mental problems by driving out their demons with elaborate rituals, such as exorcisms, incantations, and prayers
  15. Trephination
    drilling a small hole in the skull to release spirits or demons
  16. Asylums
    facilities for treating the mentally ill in Europe during the Middle Ages and into the 19th century
  17. Moral Treatment
    19th century approach to treating the mentally ill with dignity in a caring environment
  18. Psychoanalysis
    a clinically based approach to understanding psychological disorders; assumes that the unconscious mind is the most powerful force behind thought and behavior
  19. Empiricism
    the view that all knowledge and thoughts come from experience
  20. Psychophysics
    the first scientific form of psychology; laboratory studies of the subjective experience of physical sensations
  21. Structuralism
    19th century school of psychology that argued that breaking down experience into its elemental parts offers the best way to understand thought and behavior
  22. Introspection
    the main method of investigation for structuralists; it involves looking into one’s own mind for information about the nature of conscious experience
  23. Functionalism
    19th century school of psychology that argued it was better to look at why the mind works the way it does than to describe its parts
  24. Behaviorism
    a school of thought that proposed that psychology can be a true science only if it examines observable behavior, not ideas, thoughts, feelings, or motives
  25. Humanistic Psychology
    a theory of psychology that focuses on personal growth and meaning as a way of reaching one’s highest potential
  26. Positive Psychology
    scientific approach to studying, understanding, and promoting healthy and positive psychological functioning
  27. Gestalt Psychology
    a theory of psychology that maintains that we perceive things as wholes rather than as a compilation of parts
  28. Nature through Nurture
    the position that the environment interacts with biology to shape who we are and what we do
  29. Mind-body Dualism
    the idea that the mind and body are separate entities
  30. Evolution
    the change over time in the frequency with which specific genes occur within a breeding species
  31. Natural selection
    feedback process whereby nature favors one design over another because it has an impact on reproduction
  32. Adaptations
    inherited solutions to ancestral problems that have been selected for because they contribute in some way to reproductive success
  33. Evolutionary Psychology
    the branch of psychology that studies human behavior by asking what adaptive problems it may have solved for our early ancestors
Card Set
Psy Chp 1