U/S METHODS

  1. What are the pre-examination procedures
    • turn machine on
    • tidy the room
    • patient request
    • prev imaging
    • clinical history
  2. What happens during the examination
    • answer the clinical questions
    • patient's signs and symptoms 
    • talk to the patient
    • extend the examination when necessary
    • ask for assistance


    • ensure entire organ is assessed
    • that is it assessed in multiple planes
    • use different positioning
    • use different instructions
  3. What are the post-examination procedures
    • tell patients the next steps
    • patient gets changed
    • tidy up the room
    • worksheet
    • final examination
  4. What organs does the routine renal exam include (x4)
    • kidneys
    • bladder
    • ureter (if can be seen)
    • prostate (males)
  5. Describe simple and complex renal cyst
    • simple: anechoic, sharply defined smooth posterior walls, acoustic enhancement, round and ovoid shaped
    • complex: internal echoes, internal septations, mural nodules, thickened walls, calcifications
  6. Describe angiomyolipoma (renal pathology)
    • hyperechoic to parenchyma
    • well defined 
    • clear borders
  7. Describe renal calculi
    • posterior shadowing (sometimes)
    • hyperechoic to renal cortex
    • linear or crescent shaped
  8. what are the signs/symptoms of renal calculi
    flank pain, haematuria or infection
  9. describe sonographic appearance of a breast lesion
    • spiculated or thick echogenic halos
    • irregular/angular margins
    • microlobulations
    • taller than wide 
    • acoustic shadowing
    • calcifications
    • hypoechoic
Author
Anonymous
ID
332203
Card Set
U/S METHODS
Description
sonography
Updated