1. Children and adolescent health benefits associated with regular exercise (strong evidence)
    • Improved cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness
    • Improved bone health
    • Improved cardiovascular and metabolic health biomarkers
    • Favorable body composition
  2. Children and adolescent health benefits associated with regular exercise (moderate evidence)
    Reduced symptoms of depression
  3. Adults and older adults health benefits associated with regular exercise (strong evidence)
    • Lower risk of early death, CHD, stroke, high bp, adverse blood lipid profile, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, colon cancer, breast cancer
    • Prevention of weight gain
    • Weight loss, particularly combined with reduced calorie intake
    • Improved cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness
    • Reduced symptoms of depression
    • Better cognitive function (for older adults)
  4. Adults and older adults health benefits associated with regular exercise (moderate to strong evidence)
    • Better funcational health (for older adults)
    • Reduced abdominal obesity
  5. Adults and older adults health benefits associated with regular exercise (moderate evidence)
    • lower risk of hip fracture, lung cancer, endometrial cancer
    • Weight maintenance after weight loss
    • Increased bone density
    • Improved sleep quality
  6. For most health benefits, at least ___ min a __ of moderate intense physical activity is needed.
    150 min./wk
  7. Additional benefits occur through
    • higher intensity
    • greater frequency
    • and/or longer duration
  8. 13% increase in personal trainers due to
    • increased baby boomers who want to stay healthy, fit, independent
    • increase in business opening onsite facilities and offering incentives for employees to join
    • growing concerns about childhood obesity
    • increase club membership among young adults
    • aging population seeking relief from arthritis and other ailments (yoga, pilates, individual exercise)
    • replace workers who leave fitness occupations
  9. define physical therapist
    a rehabilitation expert specializing in treatments that help restore function, improve mobility, relive pain, and prevent or limit permanent physical disabilities of all ages suffering from medical problems, injuries, diseases, disabilities, or other health-related conditions
  10. define occupational therapist
    a rehabilitation expert specializing in treatments that help people who suffer from mentally, physically, developmentally, or emotionally disabling conditions to develop, recover, or maintain daily living and work skills that include basic motor functions and reasoning abilities
  11. Image Upload 1
  12. define scope of practice
    • the legal range of services that professionals in a given field can provide
    • the settings in which those services can be provided
    • the guidelines or parameters that must be followed
  13. Personal fitness trainers DO NOT
    • Diagnose
    • Prescribe diets or recommend specific supplements
    • Treat injury or disease
    • Monitor progress for medically referred clients
    • Rehabilitate
    • Counsel
    • Work with patients (clients)
  14. The 4 domains of the exam
    • Client Interviews and Assessments- 31%
    • Program Design and Implementation- 33%
    • Progress and Modifications- 19%
    • Professional Conduct, Safety, and Risk Management- 17%
  15. The primary purpose of professional certification program is to
    protect the public from harm: physical, emotional, psychological, financial
  16. Calculate desired body weightImage Upload 2
  17. Measure body fat using calipers on male
    • chest
    • abdomen
    • thigh
  18. Measure body fat using calipers on female
    • triceps
    • suprailium
    • thigh
  19. Calculate THR by age
    Image Upload 3
  20. Heart Rate Reserve, Karvonen Formula
    Image Upload 4
  21. McGills Torso Muscular Endurance Test Battery
    Image Upload 5
  22. Macro values per 1 gram
    Image Upload 6
  23. 1 lb of fat
    3500 calories
  24. define operant conditioning
    the process by which behaviors are influenced by their consequences
  25. define antecedent
    stimuli that precede a behavior and often signal the likely consequence of the behavior
  26. The overall goal of stimulus control is
    • to make being physically active as convenient as possible.
    • ex) gym bag in car, including workout on schedule, setting alarm, support group
  27. The most widely used and straightforward cognitive behavioral technique is
    goal setting.
  28. define SMART goal
    • Specific
    • Measurable
    • Attainable
    • Relevant
    • Time-bound
  29. More than ____% of people who start a new program will drop out within the first six months.
  30. Approximately ___% of the US population meets both aerobic activity and muscle strengthening guidelines?
  31. Examples of product goals
  32. Reflecting
    Listening technique of reflecting to demonstrate understanding or seek clarification by trying to restate the main points and feelings in the client’s communication.
  33. Motivational interviewing refers to a method of speaking with people in a way that motivates them to make a decision to change their behavior.
    Motivational interviewing in the planning stage may help clients feel the need to become more active and make a decision to start exercising.
  34. In the ___ stage of learning, clients begin to master the basics and are ready for more specific feedback that will help them refine the motor skill.
Card Set
Study material from reading ACE PT manual 5th edition