CH. 13 SKin Care Products

  1. phytotherapy
    therapeutic benefits from plants
  2. _____ are our most important tools
  3. The FDA views cosmetics according to the _______ __ __ ___ which distinguishes between drugs and cosmetics
    Cosmetic Act of 1938
  4. Cosmetics are defined by the FDA as:
    articles that are intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinked or otherwise applied to the human body or any part thereof for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance
  5. ______ _______ cause the actual changes in the appearance of the skin
    Performance ingredients
  6. anhydrous
    products that do not contain any water
  7. Hypoallergenic
    describes ingredients that may be less likely to cause allergic reactions
  8. _____ is the most frequently used cosmetic ingredient and it is both a vehicle and a performance ingredient
  9. Fatty acids are actually more like ____ and are beneficial to ___ skin.
    oils; dry
  10. tendency of any topical substance to cause or to worsen a buildup of dead cells in the follicle, leading to the develpment of a comedo(blackhead)
  11. _____ reduce the surface tension between the skin and the product, and increase the spreadibility of cosmetic products
  12. When skin care products are mixed, materials that are compatible with oil are mixed in with the oil
    oil soluble
  13. Substances that are mixable with water are ___ _____ and are mixed in the water phase
    water soluble
  14. ____ are used to thicken creams and are frequently used in gel products
  15. chemical that is added to cosmetics to improe the efficiency of the preservative
    chelating agent
  16. If there is a preservative in an kind of product it is not _____
  17. What is the purpose of color agents in skin care products
    they add color which enhances a product's visual appeal
  18. Are color agent ingredients regulated? By who?
    Yes by the FDA
  19. Ingredients that are used in exfoliants
    polyethylene, jojoba beads, ground nuts such as almonds, and various seeds
  20. ____ and ____ are naturally occuring mild acids used as chemical exfoliants
    AHAs and BHAs
  21. name some AHAs
    glycolic, lactic, malic, citric, and tartaric
  22. Fatty acids are artually more like ___ which are beneficial for ___ skin
    oils; dry
  23. the tendency of any topical substance to cause or to worsen a buildup of dead cells in the follicle, leading to the development of a comedo(blackhead)
  24. How often should you exfoliate
    1-2x a week
  25. Enzymes are designed to dissolve ___ _____ on the surface of the skin to make it softer, smoother, and help maintain the hydration level of the epidermis
  26. Hydroquinone
    should not be used in topically on the skin
  27. closed lipid bilayer spheres that encapsulate ingredients, target their delivery to specific areas of the skin, and control their release
  28. Topical ingredients need what to be effective
    a high-tech delivery system
  29. Polyglucans strengthen what
    immune system
  30. _____ and ___ ____ are used to enhance the skin's defense mechanism and stimulate cell metabolism
  31. Peptides are the
    work force of the product
  32. fragments of protein
  33. tells molecules what to do(repair, stimulate); give most significant response to skin
  34. another yeast cell derivative, have been found to enhance immune response and cellular metabolism, which boosts oxygen uptake in the cell
    glycoproteins; glycopolypeptides
  35. are vitamins, amino acids, and other natural substances that neutralixe the damaging effects of free radicals and help skin cope with the damaging effects of environmental influences
  36. The FDA regulates cosmetics only in areas of...
    • safety
    • labeling
    • the claims made for a product
  37. A BHA with exfoliating and antiseptic properties
    salicylic acid
  38. Salicylic acid ingredients and what allegy is linked to this
    • sweet birch, willow bark, wintergreen
    • asprin allergy
  39. what ingredient reduces oil-gland activity and dissolves the skin's surface layer of dry, dead cells
  40. primary benefits to cucumber
    antiseptic, soothing
  41. primary benefits of mint
    stimulating, also an antiseptic
  42. benefits of peppermint
    reduces irritation and itching
  43. witch hazel benefits
    an astrigent and antiseptic
  44. ____ ___ used after cleansing from one to two times per week and are rinsed with water
    granular scrubs
  45. 2 basic types of enzyme treatments
    masks and gommage
  46. the most popular type of enzyme peel uses a _____ form of enzyme that is either mixed by the esthetician with ____ water or can be purchases premixed in a base similar to a treatment mask
    powdered; warm
  47. type of enzyme peel that is known as a roll-off mask, in a cream form that is applied and then massaged or "rolled" off the skin
  48. thermal masks; contain special crystals of gypsum, a plaster like ingredient
    modelage masks
  49. nourishing creams; are designed to moisturize and condition the skin----esp. during sleep, when normal tissue repair is taking place
    treatment creams
  50. When comparing prices of products consider what?
    quality of the ingredients and the concentration of performance ingredients
  51. keratolytic
    causing sloughing, or exfoliating, of skin cells
  52. what are the different ways to take in antioxidants
    orally and topically
  53. Chemical sunscreens are ____ compounds that chemically _____ UV radiation
    organic(carbon based); absorb
  54. Physical sunscreens are ______ compounds that physically ____ or scatter UV radiation
Card Set
CH. 13 SKin Care Products
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