P1 Revision

  1. Name the three types of heat transfer.
    • Conduction
    • Convection
    • Radiation
  2. What is the best colour to paint a radiator to keep heat in?
    Matt Black
  3. Name the three states of matter.
    • Solids
    • Liquids
    • Gas
  4. How are the particles in a solid arranged?
    They are in a close together and in a pattern.
  5. How are the particles in a liquid arranged?
    They are close together and in a random pattern.
  6. How are the particles in a gas arranged?
    They are far apart and in a random pattern.
  7. What are the properties of a solid?
    • They have a fixed shape and cannot flow
    • They cannot be compressed or squashed
  8. What are the properties of a liquid?
    • They flow and take the shape of their container
    • They cannot be compressed or squashed
  9. What are the properties of a gas?
    • They flow and completely fill their container
    • They can be compressed or squashed
  10. Where does evaporation take place?
    Evaporation takes place in liquids and they go to a gas.
  11. Where does condensation take place?
    Condensation takes place in gases and they turn into liquids.
  12. What are the factors that affect evaporation and condensation?
    • the surface area of the liquid is increased
    • air is moving over the surface of the liquid
  13. What are all forms of energy?
    • Magnetic
    • Kinetic
    • Heat
    • Light
    • Gravitational Potential
    • Chemical
    • Sound
    • Electrical
    • Elastic Potential
    • Nuclear
  14. How do you calculate electrical energy?
    • E=P*T
    • E= Energy Transfer
    • P=Power
    • T= Time in Hours.
  15. Process of how fossil fuels are made?
    • Coal
    • Water+Steam
    • Turbine
    • Generator.
  16. Disadvantages of Fossil Fuels?
    • Supply is limited and they will eventually run out.
    • Release sulfur dioxide
    • Release carbon dioxide.
  17. Advantages of nuclear fuels?
    Nuclear fuels do not produce carbon dioxide or sulfur dioxide.
  18. Disadvantages of nuclear fuels?
    • Nuclear fuels are non-renewable energy resources.
    • Hazardous to health for thousands of years
  19. Advantages of using a wind turbine.
    • Wind is a renewable energy resource and there are no fuel costs.
    • No harmful polluting gases are produced.
  20. Disadvantages of wind turbines.
    • Wind farms are noisy and may spoil the view
    • The amount of electricity generated depends on the strength of the wind
    • If there is no wind, there is no electricity.
  21. Advantages of using hydroelectricity.
    • A renewable energy resource.
    • Tidal barrages and hydroelectric power stations are very reliable.
    • Can be easily switched on.
  22. Disadvantages of using hydroelectricity?
    • destroy the habitat of estuary species
    • Flood farmland
    • The rotting vegetation underwater releases methane, which is a greenhouse gas.
  23. Advantages of using geothermal energy.
    A renewable energy resource
  24. Disadvantages of using geothermal energy?
    Most parts of the world do not have suitable areas where geothermal energy can be exploited.
  25. Advantages of using solar energy?
    • Renewable energy resource.
    • No fuel costs.
    • No harmful polluting gases.
    • Solar cells provide electricity.
  26. Disadvantages of using solar energy?
    • Expensive
    • Inefficent
    • Don't work at night.
Card Set
P1 Revision
P1 Revision