Ch 5 Infection Control

  1. What does OSHA stand for?
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  2. Federal Agency that was created as part of the U.S. Departkent of Labor to regulate and enforce safety and health standards to protect employees in the workplace
  3. Is Hospital grade a term used by the EPA? Explain?
    No, a product is either approved by the EPA as a hospital disinfectant or not
  4. For all products sold, what do federal and state laws require that manufacturers supply?
    Material Safety Data Sheet
  5. What agency registers all types of disinfectants sold and used in the US?
  6. EPA
    Environmental Protection Agency
  7. chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses(not spores) on surfaces
  8. the invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens
  9. mechanical process(scrubbing) using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and many disease-causing germs from tools, implements, and equipment
  10. disinfectants used in salons must be _____, capable of destroying bacteria
  11. one-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics
  12. Bacteria can also go by these 2 terms
    micobes; germs
  13. 2 primary types of bacteria
    pathogenic and nonpathogenic
  14. Most bacteria are ______; they are harmless organisms that may perform useful functions. They are safe to come in contact since they do not cause disease or harm
  15. What is nonpathogenic bacteria used for?
    make yogurt, cheese, and some medicines
  16. What role does nonpathogenic bacteria provide to the human body?
    Helps body break down food and protect against infection. They also stimulate the immune system
  17. _____ bacteria are harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body.
  18. What percentage of bacteria is nonpathogenic
  19. pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like bunches of grapes
  20. pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beas
  21. spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia
  22. short rod-shaped bacteria. They are most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, ad diphtheria
  23. are spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria. They are subdivided into subgroups, such as treponema pallidum, which causes syphillis, a STD, and borrelia burgdorferi, which causes Lyme disease
  24. Cilia
    hair-like extension on cells; technical term for eyelash
  25. When bacteria reach their largest size they divide into 2 new cells in a process called...
    binary fission
  26. During binary fission, the cells that are formed are called _________ _____. They are produced every ___ to ___ minutes
    daughter; 20-60
  27. a condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection
    tissue inflammation
  28. characteristics of inflammation
    redness, heat, pain, and swelling
  29. fluid created by infection; contains white blood cells, bacteria, and dead cells
  30. prescense of pus =
    sign of bacterial infection
  31. pimple or abscess, is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a leison containing pus
    local infection
  32. among the most common bacteria that affect humans and are normally carried by about a third of the population
  33. What is responsible for food poisining and a wide range of diseases including toxic shock syndrome
  34. Common contagious diseases that prevent salon/spa professional from servicing a client
    common cold, ringworm, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), viral infections and natural nail, toe, or foot infections
  35. parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism
  36. How does a virus reproduce
    taking over the host cell's reproductive system
  37. ____ cause commone colds and other respiratory and gastrointestinal (digestive tract) infections
  38. List of viruses that plague humans
    measles, mumps, chicken pox, rabiesm yellow fever, hepatitis, polio, influenza, HIV
  39. Disease-causing mircoorganisms that are carries in the body by blood or body fluids, such as Hepatitis and HIV
    bloodborne pathogens
  40. bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver
  41. 2 Reasons why Hepititis is easier to contract than HIV
    it is present in all body fluids of those who are infected and can live on a surface outside the body for long periods of time
  42. What Hepatitis is most difficult to kill on the surface?
    Hepatitis B
  43. HIV
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus; the virus that causes AIDS
  44. AIDS
    Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  45. 2 main ways HIV is spread
    sharing of needles by intreavenous (IV) drug users and by unprotected sexual contact
  46. microscopic plant parasites that include molds, mildews, and yeasts. They can produce contagious diseases such as ringworm
  47. type of fungis that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects but does not cause infections in the salon
  48. vegetable parasites that obtain nourishment from dead organic matter or from living organisms
  49. Also known as sycosis barbae and barber's itch; inflammation of the hair follicles caused by bacterial infection from ingron hairs due to shaving or other epilation methods
  50. are organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism (referred to as a host), hwile contributing nothing to the survival of that organism
  51. contagious idease and is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin
  52. ability of the body to destroy and resist infection
  53. removal of blood or other potentionally infectious materials on an item's surface and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust, hair, and skin
  54. Decontamination Method 1
    cleaning and disninfecting
  55. process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores
  56. ability to produc an effect; effectiveness with which a disinfection solution kills organisms when used according to label instructions
  57. the number of viable organisms in or on an object or surface or the organic material on the surface of an object before decontamiation or sterilization
  58. Porperly cleaned implements and tools, free from all visible debris msut be completely ____/_____ in disinfectant solution
  59. ___ can damge plastic and rubebr and can cause certin metals to ruse
  60. Househole bleach is made up of
    5.25% sodium hypochlorite
  61. an effective disinfectant and has been used extensively as a disinfectant in the salon
    Household bleach
  62. the process of properly handling sterilized and disinfected equipment and supplies to reduce contamination, are important part of client an practicioner safety guidelines
    Aseptic procedures
  63. break down stubborn films and remove the resdue of products such as scrubs, salts, and masks
    chelating soaps or detergents
  64. germicides formulated for use on skin and are registered and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration(FDA)
  65. Alcohol solutions containing what percentage of alcohol are most effective in antiseptics?
  66. introduced by the CDC in 1996 to replace Universal Precautions; goal to be anduser-friendly as possible
    Standard precautions
  67. Standard Precautions include..
    wearing gloves when in contact with blood all body fluids(except sweat) breast milk, all secretions, excretions, mucuous membranes, conintect (broken) skin
  68. contact with nonintact (broken) skin, blood, body fluid, or other potentially infectious materials that is the result of the performance of an employee's duties
    exposure incident
Card Set
Ch 5 Infection Control
Amber Made These