Pharm Galen Units 4 5 6

  1. Alprazolam / benzodiazapine
    Xanax
    anti anxiety

    • action: works on the CNS produce anxiolytic effect
    • contra: hypersensitivity
    • adv: dizzy, drowsiness, lethargy, confuusion, headache, mental depression
    • interacts: alcohol, anti depresents, other benzos, antihistamine, opioid analgesics, increases CNS depression
    • Assess: level of anxiety, orientation, mood, drowsiness,
  2. fluphenazine
    • anti psycohotics
    • action: alters dopamine in the CNS
    • adverse: NMS, sedation, tardive dysknesia, hyper, hypotension, tachycardia
    • inter: antiarrythmics
    • asses: mood, behavior, bp,
  3. haloperidol
    haldol
    • antipsychotic
    • action: alters effect of dopamine in the CNS
    • contra: hypersensitivity, cns depression
    • adverse: siezures, confusiion, drowsiness, tardive dyskinesea, NMS
    • interactions:hypertensive meds, nitrates, alcohol, anticholiergics
    • assess: mental status, bp, output and intake, dehydration, tardive dyskinesea
  4. aripiprazole
    • atypical antipsycotic
    • action: psychotropic activity, agonist activity of dopamine
    • adverse: susicidal thoughts, drowsiness, extrapyramidal reactions, akathisia, confusion, depression, fatigue, hostility, insomnia, manic, impaired cognitive functions,NMS
    • interactions: cardiac meds, 
    • Assess: mental status, mood, behavior, suicidal idiations, bp, RR,
  5. Lorazepam/benzodiazapine
    Ativan
    • antianxiety
    • action: depresses CNS 
    • adverse: dizzy, drowsiness, lethargy, headache, ataxia, slurred speech, mental depression
    • interactions: alcohol, other cns depressants, antihistimines, opioids
    • Assess: anxiety, 
    • teaching: may cause drowsiness, and dizzy
  6. fluoxetine
    prozac
    • antidepressants
    • action: inhibits the reuptake of serotonin in the CNS
    • cont: no maoi's no thiordazine
    • adverse: NMS, seizures, NMS, suicidal thoughts
    • interactions: confusion, agitation, seizures, hyperpyrexia, 
    • assess: mood, SI, 
    • teaching: may cause drowsiness, dizzy, impaired judgement, blurred vision
  7. venlafaxiine/ Effexor
    • antidepressants
    • action: inhibits serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake in the CNS
    • adverse: NMS, seizures, SI, abnormal dreams, anxiety, dizzy, headache, insomnia, weakness
    • interactions: other MAOI's , alchohol, CNS depressants, sedativess, antihistimines
    • assess: mental status, mood, SI, 
    • Teaching: look for SI especially early in the therapy
  8. phenelzine
    Nardil / MAOI
    • antidepressants
    • action: inhibits the enzyme monoamine oxidase, resulting in an accumulation, of various neurotransmittters, dopamine, epinephrine
    • contra: liver disease, renal disease, heart failure, ecessive caffine, tyamine 
    • adverse: seizures, dizzy, drowsiness, fatigue, headache, hyperflexia insomnia, tremor, twitiching, weakness, euphoria
    • Interactions: SSRI's, heart medsother mental health drugns
    • assess: mental status, mood, anxiety levels, SI, bp, HR
    • Teaching: no alcohol, do not ubruptly stop using , avoid other CNS depresents, dizzy, drowsiness
  9. Lithium
    • mood stabilizer
    • action: alters cation transport in nerve and muscle( decreases manic episodes)
    • contra: cardiovascular or renal disease, brugada syndrome
    • adverse: si=seizures, fatigue, headache, impaired memory, ataxia, sedation, confusion, dizzy, drowsy, psychootor retardation, restless
    • interaction: haloperidol, diuretics, ace inhibitors
    • assess: mental status, initiate SI precautions, monitor intake ond output rations, min fluid 2000-3000 mL per day.
    • treaching: dizzy, drowsiness, caution driving, low sodium levels
  10. amitriptyline
    elavil
    • antidepressant
    • action: potetiates, the effect of serotonin in norepinephrine in the CNS
    • contra: angle closure glaucoma, MI or Heart failure
    • adverse: SI, lethargy, sedation, arrhythmias, torsade de pointes, hypotension, 
    • Interactions:
  11. alendronate / bisphosphonate
    • bone resorption inhibitors
    • action: inhibits resorption of bone by inhibiting osteoclast activity
    • contra: renal insufficiency, esophagus abnormalities
    • adverse: headache, blurred vision, conjuctivitis, eye pain, atrial fib, GI issues
    • Interactions: calcium, antacids, levothyroxine, ranitidine
    • assess: osteoporosis,pagett's disease, 
    • teaching: take with 6-8 oz of water, exercise, use sunscreen,
  12. conjugated estrogen replacement
    • hormone
    • action: agonist, effects on the endometrium of the uterus, effects are tissue specific
    • contra: hypersensitivity, abnormal genital bleeding, cancer, hx of dvt, pe, mi or stroke, concurrent use with other estrogens
    • adverse: Stroke, DVT, endometrial cancer, hot flush,muscle spasms, angioedema
    • asses: pain during intercourse, bp, 
    • teaching: report ss of unusual vaginal bleeding, new severe headaches, sob, weakness or fatigue, contact provider
  13. testosterone
    • hormone
    • action: responsible for growth and development of male sex organs
    • contra: hypersensitivity, breast or prostate cancer, severe liver, renal or cardiac disease
    • adverse: deepening voice, MI, stroke, venous thromboembolism, edema, jaundice, gynecomastia, 
    • interactions: warfarin, oral hypoglycemeic and insulin or concurrent use with corticosteroids.
    • assess: intake and output monitor, 
    • teaching: report, painful erections, monitor blood glucose levels,
  14. sildenafil
    viagra
    • erectile dysfunction agent
    • action: enhances effects of nitric oxide released during sexual stimulation.
    • contra: hypersensitivity, concurrent use with other nitrates, pulmonary veno occlusive disease
    • adverse: headache, dizzy, insomnia, epistaxis, hearing loss, nasal congestion vision loss, MI, sudden death hypotension, vaso occlusive crisis.  
    • interactions: concurrent use with other nitrates
    • teaching: take as directed, no alpha adrenergic blockers, if decreased hearing ringing in ears or dizziness contact doctor
  15. tamsulosin
    Flomax
    • alpha blocker
    • action: decreases contractions in smooth muscle of the prostatic hyperplasia BPH
    • contra: hypersensitivity
    • adverse: dizzy, headache, floppy iris syndrome, rhinitis, ortho hypotension
    • interactions: cietidine, anti adrenergics, erectile medications
    • asses: for symtoms of bph, (urinary hesitancy)
    • teaching: no double dose if missed, may cause dizzy, avoid driving, caution changing positioins
  16. Lispro
    Humalog
    • antidiabetics/ hormone
    • action: lowers blood glucose by stimulating glucose uptake in skeletal muscle and fat
    • contra: hypoglycemia, allergy or hypersensitivity to lispro
    • adverse: hypokalemia, pruritus, erythema,swelling, 
    • interactions: beta blockers, clonidine, reserpine, corticosteroids, tyroid supplements estrogens alcohol, ace inhibitors
    • asses: symptoms of hypoglycemia, anxiety, restlessness, tingling in hands and feet, lips or toungue, chills, cold sweats, confusion, cool pale skin concentration, drowsiness, nightmares, sleeping problems, excessive hunger, weakness, unsteady gait
    • teaching: instruct on proper technique, use of equipment, how to mix insulins,
  17. regular insulin
    humulin r
    novolin r
    • antidiabetics
    • action: lowers blood glucose by uptake in skeletal muscle fat, inhibiting hepatic glucose production
    • contra: hypoglycemia, allergy or hypersensitivity to a particular type of insulin
    • adverse: hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, pruritus, erythmia, swelling
    • interactions: beta blockers, clonidine, reserpine, corticosteroids, alcohol, octreotide
    • asses: for symptoms of hypoglycemia, monitor body weight
    • teaching: how to use equipment, mixing,
  18. insulin isophane
    NPH
    intermediate acting insulin
    • antidiabetic
    • action: lowers blood glucose, inhibits hepatic glucose production
    • contra: hypoglycemia, allergy or hypesensitivity
    • adverse: hypoglycemia
    • interactions: beta blockers, clonidine, reserpine, corticosteroids, alcohol, ace inhibitors, maoi's, 
    • assess: for symptoms of hypoglycemia
    • teaching: proper use of equipment,
  19. isuline glargine
    Lantus
    • anti diabetic/ hormone
    • action: lowers blood glucose by inhibiting hepatic glucose production
    • cont: hypoglycemia, allergy and hypersensitivity
    • adverse: hypoglycemia, hypokalemia
    • interactions: beta blockers, clonidine, resrpine, corticosteroids, thyroid supp, estrogens, alcohol, ace inhibitors, maoi's
    • asses: hypoglycemia, monitor body weight
    • teaching: proper technique of equiptment, and injection
  20. exenatide
    • antidiabetic
    • action: mimics the action of incretin which promotes endogenous insulin secretion, and promotes other mechanisms of glucose lowering
    • contra: hypersensitivity, type 1 diabetes or diabetic keto acidosis, renal impairment, severe gi disease
    • adverse: dizzy, headache, jitteriness, weakness, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting dyspepsia, gi reflux, tyroid c cell tumors, hypoglycemia, renal failure
    • interactions: concurrent use with sulfonylureas or insulin
    • assess: signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia, pancreatitis, ab pain,
    • teaching: take within 60 min of a meal do not take after a meal, no extra doses
  21. glipizide
    Glucotrol
    • antidiabetic
    • action: lowers blood sugar by stimulating the release of insulin from the pancreas and increasing the sensitivity to insulin receptors
    • contra: hypersensitivity, insulin dependent diabetics, diabetic coma or keto acidosis
    • adverse: dizzy drowsiness, headache, weakness, constipation, cramps, diarrhea, hepatitis, dyspepsia, photosensitivity, hypoglycemia
    • interactions: alcohol, diuretics, corticosteroids, contraceptives, estrogens tyroid prep, phenytoin,nicotinic acid, maoi's , warfarin, nsaids, salicylates, fluconazole, beta blockers
    • asess, signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia, 
    • teaching, take as directed same time everyday
  22. metformin
    glucophage
    • antidiabetic
    • action: decreases hepatic glucose production, increases sensitivity to insulin
    • cont: hypersensitivity, mettobolic acidosis, dehydration, sepsis, hypoxemia, hepatic impairment, 
    • adverse: ab bloating, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, unpleasant metallic taste
    • interactions: alcohol, iodine contrast media, cardiac meds, furosemide, increase effects, nifedepine absorbs effect
    • asses: hypoglycemic reactions, ab pain sweating, hunger, weakness, dizzy, headache, tremor, tachycardia, anxiety
    • teaching: take at same time everyday, encourage to follow prescribed diet.
  23. glucagon
    • hormones
    • action: stimulates hepatic production of glucose from glycogen stores
    • cont: hypersensitivity, pheochromacytoma, 
    • adverse: hypotension, nausea, vomiting, hypersensitivity
    • interactions: warfarin, phenytoin, ephinephrine
    • asses: for signs of hypoglycemia, neurologic status, nutritional status
    • teach: signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia,
  24. levothyroxine
    synthroid
    • hormones
    • action: replacement for endogenous thyroid hormones
    • cont: hypersensitivity, recent MI, Hyperthyroidism
    • adverse: headache, insomnia, irritibility, angina pectoris, arrhythmias, tachycardia
    • interactions: bile acid sequestrats, warfarin
    • asses: bp, hr, arrythmias, chest pain
    • teaching: take meds at the same time everyday, as directed, do not discontinue without consulting your pcp
  25. propylthiouracil
    • anti-thyroid agent
    • action: inhibits synthesis of thyroid hormone
    • cont: hypersensitivity
    • adverse: drowsiness, headache paresthesia, vertigo, edema vasculitis, hepatotoxiciy, nausea vomiting, stevens johnson syndrome
    • interact: anti-neoplastics, litium, phenothiazines
    • asses: responses of hyperthyroidism, tacky, palpitatiois, nervousness, insomnia
    • teach: take as directed
  26. calcitriol
    • vitimans: management of hypocalcemia
    • action: active form of vitiman d
    • cont: hypersensitivity, hypercalcimia
    • adverse: headache, somnolence, photophobia, rhinorrhea, HTN
    • interaction; mineral oil, corticosteroids, digoxin
    • asses: symptoms of vitiman deficiancy, patient bone pain and weakness
    • teach: take as directed, review diet modifications
  27. prednisone
    • anti inflammatory, steroidal
    • action: suppresses inflammation and the normal immune response
    • contra: active untreated infections
    • adverse: epression, euphoria, headache, psychoses, restlessness, HTN
    • interactions: loop diuretics, digoxin, phontoin
    • asses: signs of renal insufficiency HTN
    • teach: no double doses if missed,
  28. fludrocortisone
    • hormone
    • action: causes sodium reabsorption
    • contra: hypersensitivity
    • adverse: dizzy, headache, arhythmias, edema, HTN, 
    • interaction: thiazide, diuretics, digoxin
    • asses: bp, fluid retention
    • teaching: life long therapy, no abrupt discontinued use
  29. epoetin alpha
    • antianemics
    • hormones
    • action: stimulates erythropoiesis
    • contra: hypersensitivity to albumin, uncontrolled htn
    • adverse: seizures, hf, mi, stroke, thromboembolic events, 
    • interactions: heparin
    • asses: bp, monitor for symptoms of anemia
    • teaching: risk for seizures
  30. filgrastim
    • colony stimulating factors
    • action: glycoprotein filgrastim binds to and stimulates immature neutrophils to divde and differentiate
    • contra: hypersensitivity to filgrastim
    • adverse: vasculitis, splenic rupture, spelenomegaly, hemoptysis, acute respirtory distress syndrome
    • interactions: antineoplastics
    • asses: hr, bp and respiratory status
    • teach: explain purpose of filgrastim to patient
  31. oprelvekin
    • colony stimulating factors
    • action; stimulates production of megakaryocytes and platelets
    • contra: hypersensitivity
    • adverse: dizzy, headache, insomnia, nervousness,weakness, cough, dyspnea, pleural effusions, syncope
    • assess: fluid retention, peripheral edema
    • teaching: instruct in proper tech for preparation and admin of meds
  32. allopurinol
    • antigout agent
    • action: inhibits production of uric acid
    • contra: hypersensitivity
    • adverse: hypotension, flushing, htn, bradycardia, heart failure drowsiness
    • interactions: amoxicillin, azathioprine(bone marrow depressent
    • asses: intake and output, kidney function, 
    • teaching: take as directed, take nsaid along with meds to relieve acute attack of gout
Author
Jchin
ID
331478
Card Set
Pharm Galen Units 4 5 6
Description
galen pharm test units 4, 5, 6
Updated