Who is responsible for establishing Joint Task Force and synchronizing maneuver and Fires within the Joint Fires Element JFE?
Joint Forces Commander
Who has the responsibility to conduct planning, coordination, and de-confliction associated with joint targeting?
Joint Forces Commander (JFC)
Who is responsible for establishing Fire support coordinating measures (FSCM)?
Joint Fires Element (JFE)
What are the command relationships within the JFE?
Plans, OPS, Targeting
What role does Intelligence and JFE play within target nominations?
Intelligence Vette and the JFE validates targets for nomination.
When is the JTCB is conducted?
The JTCB is conducted during the Commanders Decision and Force Assignment of the Joint Targeting Cycle.
JIPOE emphasizes a holistic approach by what?
analyzing and integrating a systems perspective and geospatial perspective to determine MLCOA and MDCOA by implementing DIME
Describe how JIPOE and IPB differ in relative purpose, focus and level of detail?
JIPOE analyzes in a MACRO and IPB analyzes in a MICRO focus of the OE
What are the 4 steps of the JIPOE process?
- Define the Operational Environment
- Describe the impact of the Operational Environment
- Evaluate the Adversary
- Determine Adversary COA
What are the substeps of Step 1 of the JIPOE Process?
- ID the Joint Force’s Operational Area
- Analyze the mission and JFC intent
- Determine the significant characteristics of the OE
- Establish the limits of the Joint Forces AoI
- Determine the level of detail required and feasible within the time available
- Determine the Intel and INFO gaps, shortfalls, and priorities
What are the substeps of Step 2 of the JIPOE Process?
- Develop a geospatial perspective of the OE
- Develop a systems perspective of the OE
- Describe the impact of the OE on adversary and friendly CAPEs and broad COAs
What are the substeps of Step 3 of the JIPOE Process?
- Update or create adversary models
- Determine the current adversary situation
- ID adversary capabilities and vulnerability
- ID adversary CoG
What are the substeps of Step 4 of the JIPOE Process? (MLCOA/MDCOA)
- ID the adversary likely OBJECTIVE and desired endstate
- ID the full set of adversary COAs
- Evaluate and prioritize the COAs
- Develop each COA in the time allowed
- ID initial collection requirements
Who is responsible for JIPOE/IPB?
JIPOE/IPB is the commander’s, each staff officer’s and SME responsibility
What are the Three Target Development Stages? What are their purposes?
- Basic: Contains a unique identifier (BE #, O-suffix, EID)
- Intermediate: prepares for vetting
- Advanced: facilitates target engagement
What are the 5 target List within JP 3-60?
- Candidate Target List (CTL)
- Joint Target List (JTL)
- Restricted Target List (RTL)
- Target Nomination List (TNL)
- Joint Integrated Prioritized Target List (JIPTL)
Which Target list is a list of entities which have met intermediate target development criteria and are being vetted and validated?
Candidate Target List (CTL)
Which Target list is a list of validated targets upon which there are no target engagement restrictions?
Joint Target List (JTL)
Which Target list is a list of validated targets upon which there are target engagement restrictions?
Restricted Target List
Which Target list is a list of targets from the JTL and RTL which are nominated by an organization?
Target Nomination List (TNL)
Which Target list is a list of targets from the TNLs which are prioritized according to JFC objectives?
Joint Integrated Prioritized Target List (JIPTL)
NSL typically fall into 2 categories, what are they?
- CAT I – Most Sensitive
- CAT II – Less Sensitive
Who is responsible for Vetting within target development?
Who is responsible for Validating within target development?
Explain the development of the JIPTL.
Targets are nominated from the TNL, prioritized by the CDR’s intent, guidance, and objectives, drafted, reviewed by the JTCB and approved by the JFC to form the approved JIPTL.
What are some products that are developed within Step 2 of JIPOE? (Essay)
- Combines Obstacle Overlay
- Mobility corridors AoA
- Combined Information Overlay
What are some products that are developed within Step 3 of JIPOE? (Essay)
- Enemy CoG
- Enemy Order of Battle
- EVENT TEMP
- Decision Matrix
Analytical process used by joint intelligence organizations to produce intelligence assessments, estimates, and other intelligence products in support of the JFC’s decision making process.
How can you answer the Commanders question of the Operational Environment? (Essay)
- Defining JIPOE
- Determine what JIPOE establishes
- Decide what JIPOE uses (DIME and PMESII-PT
- Determining the 4 steps of JIPOE
- Determine what products
What is terminal attack control?
The authority to control the maneuver of and grant weapons release clearance to attacking aircraft. JP 1-02
What is control?
Authority that may be less than full command exercised by a commander over part of the activities of subordinate or other organizations.
What is Airspace control?
A process used to increase operational effectiveness by promoting the safe, efficient, and flexible use of airspace. JP 1-02
Who is responsible for apportionment of Air Sorties?
Who is located at the BCT within the TACP?
ALO, JTAC, and ROMAD
Who Plans, coordinates, allocates and tasks air sorties based on JFC guidance?
Who Plans, coordinates and distributes air sorties based on JFC guidance?
Who is the Senior Army airspace C2 liaison within the Joint Air Operation Center?
What are the 5 Division within the JAOC? What do they do?
- Strategy DIV
- Combat Plans DIV
- Combat OPS DIV
- Air Mobility DIV
- ISR DIV
What are the types of CAS Request
What are the 4 principles of Target?
Focused, Effects-based, Interdisciplinary, Systematic
Who Coordinates, maintains, and disseminates a complete list of FSCMs within the OA?
Joint Fires Element
Who builds the JIPTL within the Combat Plans Division?
Target Effects Team (TET)
The Strategy Division is part of __________ and is mainly required for Airforce……
- JOAP (Long-term plan)
What is the highest / lowest echelon that can establish CFL?
Division / BCT….or equivalent to
Who approves the ATO?
What are the 2 types of FSCM?
Permissive and restrictive
What does the Theater Air Control System do?
Mechanism for commanding and controlling component air and space power.
Define the six phases of the Joint Targeting Cycle and summarize the activities in each phase.
- End State and CMDRs Objective – What is our goal
- Target Development and Prioritization - What TGTs achieve desired effects and objectives
- Capabilities Analysis - Determine best means to engage target
- Commander’s Decision and Force Assignment – Commanders Approval
- Mission Planning and Force Execution – Component targeting and Engagements
- Assessment – Are we accomplishing our task?
What are some of the responsibilities within the Strategy Division within the JAOC?
- Strategy plans
- Strategy Guidance
- Operational Assessment
- INFO Operations
What are some of the responsibilities within the Combat Plans Division within the JAOC?
- ATO Planning/Production
- C2 Plans
What are some of the responsibilities within the Combat OPS Division within the JAOC?
- Offensive OPS
- Defensive OPS
- SIDO Team
- Interface Control
What are some of the responsibilities within the ISR Division within the JAOC?
- Analysis, Correlation and Fusion
- Targets /Tactical and Battle Damage Assessment
- ISR OPS
- PED Management
What are some of the responsibilities within the Air Mobility Division within the JAOC?
- Aircraft Control
- Air refueling Control
- Air Mobility
- Aeromedical EVAC
Strategy Division is part of the JOAC and is mainly required for the Airforce’s what?
Joint Air Operations Plan (JAOP)
What is the purpose of Combat Plans DIV?
Develop, refine and disseminate the JIPTL, MAAP and ATO
What teams and staff agencies are involved with Objectives, effects and Guidance step 1 of the Joint Air Tasking Cycle?
JFC Staff, STRAT plans and Guidance teams
What teams and staff agencies are involved with Target Development step 2 of the Joint Air Tasking Cycle?
What teams and staff agencies are involved with Weaponeering and allocation step 3 of the Joint Air Tasking Cycle?
What teams and staff agencies are involved with ATO production and Dissemination step 4 of the Joint Air Tasking Cycle?
ATO Production Team
What teams and staff agencies are involved with Execution Planning and Force Execution step 5 of the Joint Air Tasking Cycle?
Combat OPS, Offensive, Defensive and TST teams
What teams and staff agencies are involved with Assessments step 6 of the Joint Air Tasking Cycle?
TAC and COMP Assess Teams
What are the 6 Steps of the Joint Air Tasking Cycle?
- Objectives, effects and Guidance
- Target Development
- Weaponeering and allocation
- ATO production and Dissemination
- Execution Planning and Force Execution
Identify and explain the common products of the phases within the Joint Air tasking Cycle.
- Step 1 – Step 2: AOD
- Step 2 – Step 3: JIPTL
- Step 3 – Step 4: MAAP Brief, SORTIE/ALLOT Message
- Step 4 – Step 5: ATO, ACO, SPINS
- Step 5 – Step 6: PHYS/ BDA, inflight reports/MISREPs
- Step 6 – Step 1: Recommendation for future action
Who develops the Joint Air Operation Plan (JAOP) the better supports the efforts and objectives of the JFC?
When does Air Apportionment happen according to the Air Tasking Cycle?
Step 1: Objectives, effects and Guidance
When does allocation happen according to the Air Tasking Cycle?
Step 3: Weaponeering and Allocation
What are some types of Permissive FSCM?
CFL, FFA, FSCL, KILL BOX, ROZ
What are some types of Restrictive FSCM?
ACA, NFA, RFA, RFL
Define an Airspace Coordination Area (ACA).
Three-dimensional block of airspace in a target area, established by the appropriate ground commander, in which friendly aircraft are reasonably safe from friendly surface fires.
Who forms the JFE and how?
The JFE is formed by the J3 with the JFC’s guidance
Who approves the Air Tasking Order (ATO)?
What is the primarily mission of the JFE?
Coordinate, de-conflict and validates target nominations
What step within the Joint Targeting Cycle does the JTCB conduct the Decision Brief?
Step 4: Commanders Decision and Force Assignment
Who is responsible and decides the overall efforts and objectives within the AOR?
Joint Force Commanders
Who decide who makes the cut for the MAAP?
JFACC with the JFC guidance
How is the mission area of space controlled to ensure friendly access of space?
By SPACE CONTROL
Where are the Space Control Officers found?
DIVISION or CORP
How would you explain the process of defining a target/targeting, placing Targets on the ATO and how assets are applied to them?
- Explain the Joint Targeting Cycle
- Define a Target
- Define Targeting
- Describe the 4 principles of targeting
- Explain the 2 targeting categories
- Talk about where the targets are found (JIPOE/IPB)
- Explain who and what the BCD is (places targets on the ATO)
- Then breakdown the COMBAT PLANS DIV (TET, MAAP, JIPTL, and ATO Production)
Explain the ATO Calendar and the Joint Air Tasking Cycle in order to explain the process
- ATO calendar is a 24 hour cycle that begins at 0001Z.
- 1. The calendar is approved by the JFACC.
- 2. Identify by two numeric-alpha notations.
- 3. Is that always the way it’s actually done?
- 4. The ATO is produced by the ATO production team who is a part of the Combat Plans Division in the JAOC.
- 5. For Objectives and Guidance, I talked to the Strategy Division, where they’ll give me Air Apportionment, JFACC guidance, and the AOD.
- 6. For Target Development, I will talk to the TET. They will provide me with a draft JIPTL.
- 7. For Weaponeering and Allocation, I will talk with the MAAP Team, which will provide me the MAAP plan that will go in front of the JTCB for approval.
- 8. For Execution planning and Force Execution, I will go to the Combat Operations Division. They will give me the current ATO, ACO, and SPINS.
- 9. For Assessments, I will go to the ISR division who’s responsible for targets and tactical assessments.
- 10. I will go to the BCD to ensure our ground force targets are on the ATO.