# music theory 1/2

 what do melodies consist of successions of pitches that usually vary in length define rest a duration of silence in a piece of music define rythem the duration and accents of musical sounds how many quarter notes are in one whole note 4 how many half notes are in one whole note 2 how many eighth notes are in one whole note 16 how many sixteenth notes are in one whole note 32 how many quarter notes are in a half note 2 how many eighth notes are in a half note 8 how many 16th notes are in a half note 16 how many eighth notes are in a quarter note 2 how many 16th notes are in a quarter note 4 define : tie a curved line connecting two notes of the same pitch to combine the duration if one dot is on a note what value does the dot add a dot on a note adds half the value of the note to the note eg a dotted half note in 4/4 time recieves 3 beats if two dots are on a note what value does the note have the first dot adds half the value of the note and the second dot adds half the value that the first dot added eg a doubble dotted half note in 4/4 time recieves 3.5 beats define beat the durational unit in music define tempo the speed of the beat define accent the stress or emphasas placed on certin notes define tonal accent a note is stressed because it is noticeably higher than the pitches around it define agogic accent a note is stressed because it is longer than the surronding pitches define dynamic accent a note is stressed because it is played more forcefully than the surronding notes define meter a regular pattern of accents define measure one complete cycle of accents how are measures seperated from each other bar lines define anacrusis a weak beat beginning of a measure define time/meter signature the way of knowing how many beats in a bar and what note gets what beat define simple meter where the number of beats in a measure is divisible into two parts eg 2/4 3/8 4/2 in 2/4 ^= 1 quarter note eg 2/4 one measure is /^^/ since the simplest way to divide it is in2 parts it is in simple meter define compound meter a meter in which the number of beats in a measure is divisible by a factor of three of the one beat value eg 9/4 a quarter note gets one beat ^= 1 quarter note @= a dotted half note one measure would be as follows /^^^^^^^^/ or /@@@/ the simplest way of wrighting it divides it into 3rds define asymmetric meter the number of beats in a measure is not in a multiple of two or three 5/4 define borrowed division when a piece in simple meter has a three part division of notes eg triplets in 4/4 define syncopation the shift in accents to a normlly unaccented beateg in 3/4 meter an accent is usually on the 1st beat if it is on either of the other too the measure is syncopated also if the + beat of the 1st beat it is syncopated define cross rythem two or more conflicting rythems being played at the same time usually because of borrowed division eg eighth notes and triplets being played together define hemiola a rythemic relationship based on a 3:2 ratio usually occurs when three notes of the same value are played where two notes of the same value normally are eg in 6/4 (3= dotted half note , 2 = half note , 4= quarter note, 8= eighth note) /33/222/ the second bar is hemiola this can be done with alternating rythmic patters also in 3/4 time (the two quarters are tied) /21/18888/ in what meter do you not use double dotted notes complex meter also double dots are rare in any piece of music when can you add a dot to a note on any note so long as the note does not exceed the length of a measure or obsucure the beat for too long eg if you have 4/4 time and /554/ the beat does not fall on too many notes consiter rewrighting it as this /58-44/ this lets you see the beat on a note instead of in the middle of one when should a beam for a note smaller than a quarter note be broken when the beats are obscured in a measure because they are all on the same beam eg on p 34 do beams for eighth notes or smaller usually expand through beats usually in 4/4 beams do not span between the second and third beats in triple meters (like 3/4) either the 2nd and 3rd or 1st and 2nd can be beamed together eg on p 34 should notes in a beat be connected by beams all notes whithin a beat that can be connected by a beam should be After what number of notes are beams usually broken usually after 6 notes beams are broken unless the notes are in one beat Can rests be tied rests are never tied what is a whole rest indicate one complete bar of silance regardless of time signature define: dynamic markings that indicate relative levals of volume know that dynamics are relative to the music and size of ensamble and instrument define: ppp pianississimo or extreamly soft define: pp pianissimo or very soft define: p piano or soft define: mp mezzo piano or moderately soft define: mf mezzo forte or moderately loud define: f forte or loud define: ff fortissimo or very loud define: fff extreamly loud define: crescendo gradually growing louder usually notated with < define: diminuendo gradually growing softer usally notated with > define: legato a smooth connected style which one tone leads to another with litte or no break in sound and without strong attacks define: staccatto ashort detatched style in which a break occurs between pitches notated by dots placed over or under notes define: accent a forcefull attack with immediate loweing of volume define: marcato an accent and staccatto combined a seperated note that has a forcefull attack if the book is reddaly available go to page 44 and do the excerises part a if the book is easialy available go to page 45 and do part b if the the book is easialy available go to page 46 and do part c if thebook is easialy available go to page 51 and do the comprehension test AuthorDragonbrings ID33108 Card Setmusic theory 1/2 Descriptionthe book essentials of music theory by ralpf turek please know i use these symbols / is a bar line 1 is a whole note 2 is a half note 3 is a dotted half note 4 is a quarter note 5 is a dotted quarter 8 is an eighth note and 6 is a 16th note if two values have a - between them they are slurred (eg 4-8 = 5) to detonate a rest an r is placed before the note (eg r4 would be a quarter note rest) Updated2010-09-08T04:43:02Z Show Answers