Basic Science - Miscellaneous questions

  1. I year Basic science I paper
    • Group A Anatomy
    • 1) Describe briefly the arch of aorta
    • 2) Describe briefly the arterial supply, venous drainage and lymphatic drainage and lymphatic drainage of the stomach.
    • 3) Describe briefly the relations arterial supply and venous drainage of the thyroid gland
    • 4) Write short notes on:
    • a) Superior corpora qadrigemina
    • b) Vas deferens
    • c) Nerve supply and action of bracialis
    • d) Nerve supply and action of poplitieus
    • e) Trigone of urinary bladder
    • Group B Physiology
    • 5) a) Defile hemostasis and give two example of hemostatic mechanism
    • b) Compare and contrast humoral and cellular immunity
    • 6) a) Describe and explain the cardio pulmonary changes that occur during exercise
    • b) What is the Bohr effect? How is it brought about and what is its physiologic significance?
    • 7) a) Discuss the functions of the gall Bladder and the process that regulate the passage of the bile to intestinal lumen what are the physiologic effects of cholecystectomy.
    • B) Explain the hormonal changes that accompany pregnancy and parturition. What are the commonly used pregnancy tests?
    • 8) Give biochemical basis of cushing’s syndrome. List biochemical investigations in cushing syndrome. How can you differentiate it from cushing’s disease ( by performing biochemical investigation)
    • 9) Write some notes on natriuretic peptide hormone.
    • 10) Give the biochemical basis of:
    • a) low bicarbonate and high potassium in case of chronic renal failure
    • b) high cortisol and high copper during pregnancy
    • Group D Genetics
    • 11) Describe briefly the Mendeliean laws
    • 12) write short notes on:
    • a) Sex chromatin ( Barr body)
    • b) Cause and significance of mutation in evolution
    • 2053
    • (Physiology) Subjective
    • 1) How blood pressure is regulated in our body? Explain briefly with diagram. 4
    • 2) What type of hypoxia is encountered in high altitude? Discuss its physiological basis. Enumerate the immediate changes in the body during exposure to high altitude. 4
    • 3) Name common lung function tests. Explain briefly the physiological significance. 4
    • 4) Enumerate different types of pregnancy test in laboratory. Give the physiological basis of most commonly done pregnancy test in laboratory. 4
    • 5) Explain briefly physiological mechanism of vomiting and basis of morning sickness. 4
    • 6) Explain the cardiovascular changes that occur during exercise. 4
    • 7) Explain briefly the mechanism of micturition in our body. 4
    • 8) What is babinski sign? What is its physiological significance? 4
  2. 2054
    • MD.IM/MD.OG
    • Group A ( Anatomy)
    • 1) List the cranial nerves found in medulla oblongata. Mention their functional components.
    • 2) Describe the interior of right atrium
    • 3) Mention the derivatives of urogenital sinus
    • 4) List the derivatives of first branchial arch
    • 5) Write short notes on:
    • a) Derivatives of ectoderm
    • b) Lesser sac
  3. Group B (Physiology)
    • 6) Emummerate hormones involved in human reproduction with their specific roles
    • 7) Illustrate lower motor neurons as final descending control pathways in motor system of the body.
    • 8) Enumerate factors involved in inter cellular communication with their roles.
    • 9) Explain plasma clearance as reflection of glomerular and other metabolic function or the body.
    • 10) What are the tissue macrophages and what are their origin and functions.
    • Group C (Biochemistry)
    • 11) Write short notes on any five :
    • a) Tumor marker
    • b) LDH
    • c) CPK
    • d) ACTH
    • e) Liver function test
    • f) Ketoacidosis
  4. Group D (Genetics)
    • 12) Write short notes on any two:
    • a) Down’s syndrome
    • b) Sex linked genetic diseases
    • c) Trisomy
  5. 2055
    • Group A (Anatomy)
    • 1) A 4 years old child has been brought wit hthe complaint of difficulty in climbing stairs and fainting spells. On examination, marked clubbing of digits and cyanosis is detected. Name the possible anatomical malformations which explain the clinical presentation.
    • 2) List the functional components of vagus nerve. Give one example for each component
    • 3)
    • i) list the derivatives of yolk sac
    • ii) what are the sources from which the kidney is developed? Mention two congenital anomalies related to the organ.
    • 4) Write short notes on:
    • a. azygos lobe of lung
    • b. stomach bed
    • c. relations of vagina
    • 5) Describe extent course and tributaries of great saphenous vein.
    • Group B (physiology)
    • 6) Describe briefly the cardiovascular changes during exercise
    • 7) What is heat stroke? Discuss its physiological basis and list the outstanding features.
    • 8) A 45 yrs old American touris planning to visit thanboche monastery in Everest. List the physiological changes in his body during the corse of
    • 1) Quick ascent
    • 2) Gradual ascent
    • 9) Write short notes on:
Card Set
Basic Science - Miscellaneous questions
Miscellaneous questions