Final - Chapter 37 - Anti-virals

  1. How is AIDS transmitted?
    • sexual activity
    • contact with infected fluids with broken skin
    • needlesticks
    • newborns during birth or breast-feeding
  2. What are the therapeutic goals for HIV-AIDS?
    • reduce HIV-related morbidity - prolong survival
    • restore and preserve immunologic function
    • promote maximum suppression of plasma HIV viral load
    • prevent HIV transmission
  3. What are the adverse effects of zidovudine (Retrovir)?
    • Bone Marrow suppression
    • neurotoxicity
    • hepatotoxicity
    • myopathy
    • fatigue
    • weakness
    • HA
    • N/V
    • adb pain
    • anorexia
  4. What are the adverse effects of Kaletra?
    • Anemia
    • leukopenia
    • hepatotoxicity
    • thrombocytopenia
    • hemorrhagic colitis
    • pancreatits
    • DVT
    • N/V/D
    • HA
    • abd pain
    • hyperglycemia
  5. What drug is most commonly used in HIV pregnant mothers to prevent transmission to baby?
    zidovudine (Retrovir)
  6. What are the uses of Sustiva (efavirenz)?
    preferred drug for initial therapy of HIV infection
  7. What is the action of Sustiva (efavirenz)?
    decreases the amount of HIV in the blood
  8. what are the side effects of Sustiva (efavirenz)?
    • Paresthesia
    • hepatotoxicity
    • Stevens-Johnson
    • CNS Toxicity
    • Rash
    • fever
    • diarrhea
    • HA
    • stomatitis
  9. What are the nursing teaching on prevention of HIV?
    • adequate infection control
    • hygiene measures
    • abstinence or always use barrier protection
    • do not share needles
    • do not donate blood
  10. What are the nursing considerations for HIV therapy?
    • must continue to take meds
    • s/s of infection
    • s/s of adverse effects (rash, SOB, LOC, jaundice) - report immediately
    • lab monitoring
    • take with food or milk
    • hygiene, avoid crowds
  11. For herpes why would IV acyclovir (Zovirax) be used?
    severe episodes
  12. For herpes and CMV (cytomegalovirus) why would PO acyclovir (Zovirax) be used?
    prophylaxis
Author
cbennett
ID
330731
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Final - Chapter 37 - Anti-virals
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Final - Chapter 37 - Anti-virals
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