1. Adventitious Sounds
    abnormal lung sounds heard with auscultation
  2. Allen’s Test
    test for the patency of the radial artery. The client’s hand is formed into a fist while the nurse compresses the ulnar artery. Compression of the ulnar artery is continued while the fist is opened. If blood perfusion through the radial artery is adequate, the hand should flush and resume pinkish coloration.
  3. Aphasia
    neurological disorder influencing the production and understanding of language.
  4. Apical Impulse
    point at which the heart touches the anterior chest wall; best site for auscultation of heart sounds; also called the point of maximal impulse (PMI).
  5. Arcus Senilis
    thin white ring along the margin of the iris
  6. Atrophy
    To cause to wither or deteriorate; in size of a body organ, tissue, or part owing to disease, injury, or lack of use
  7. Borborygmi
    audible abnormal sound produced by hyperactive intestinal peristalsis.
  8. Bronchophony
    increase in intensity and clarity of the vocal response that may result from an increase in the lung tissue density, such as the consolidation of pneumonia.
  9. Bruit
    abnormal sound or murmur heard while auscultating an organ, gland, or artery.
  10. Capillary Refill
    the time it takes a nail bed to return to its usual color after the blood flow has been momentarily occluded is an indicator of peripheral circulation.
  11. Carie
    abnormal condition of a tooth, characterized by decay
  12. Cerumen
    a yellow, waxy substance produced by sweat glands in the external ear canal. This is normal.
  13. Cherry Angioma
    ruby red papules of the skin
  14. Clubbing
    bulging of the tissues at the nail base due to insufficient oxygenation at the periphery resulting from conditions such as chronic emphysema and congenital heart disease.
  15. Cyanosis
    bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by deoxygenated hemoglobin in the blood or a structural defect in hemoglobin.
  16. Distention
    swelling of a body cavity; may be caused by fluid, gas, or a mass.
  17. Ectropion
    eversion of the eyelid that exposed the conjunctival membrane and part of the eyeball.
  18. Erythema
    redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that is a result of dilation and congestion of superficial capillaries; sunburn is an example
  19. Excoriation
    injury to the skin’s surface caused by abrasion
  20. Exostosis
    abnormal benign growth on the surface of a bone
  21. Hemorrhoid
    permanent dilation and engorgement of a vein within the lining of the rectum.
  22. Hernia
    protrusion of abdominal organs through the muscle wall.
  23. Hirsutism
    excessive body hair in a masculine distribution caused by hereditary, hormonal dysfunction, or medication.
  24. Hypertonicity
    increased muscle tone.
  25. Indurated
    hardened tissue, particularly skin, due to edema, inflammation, or infiltration by a tumor
  26. Jaundice
    yellow discoloration of skin, mucous membranes, and sclera, caused by greater then normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood.
  27. Kyphosis
    exaggeration of the posterior curvature of the thoracic spine
  28. Leukoplakia
    thick, raised, pearly-white patch of precancerous tissue found on the lips, buccal mucosa, penis, or vulva.
  29. Lordosis
    increased lumbar curvature
  30. Murmur
    low-pitched fluttering or humming sound, such as a heart murmur
  31. Nystagmus
    involuntary rhythmic movements of the eyes; the oscillations may be horizontal, vertical, rotary, or mixed.
  32. Ophthalmoscope
    An instrument for examining the interior structures of the eye, especially the retina, consisting essentially of a mirror that reflects light into the eye and a central hole through which the eye is examined.
  33. Otoscope
    instrument with a special ear speculum used to examine the deeper structures of the external and middle ear.
  34. Pallor
    Extreme or unnatural paleness
  35. Petechiae
    tiny purple or red spots that appear on the skin as minute hemorrhages within dermal layers.
  36. Point of Maximal Impulse (PMI):
    anatomical point along the fourth to fifth intercostal space at the midclavicular line where the heartbeat can most easily be palpated through the chest wall.
  37. Polyp
    small tumor like growths that projects from a mucous membrane surface.
  38. Ptosis
    abnormal condition of one or both upper eyelids in which the eyelid droops; caused by weakness of the levator muscle or paralysis of the third cranial nerve.
  39. Pulse Deficit
    condition that exists when the radial pulse is less then the ventricular rate as auscultated at the apex or seen on an electrocardiogram; indicates a lack of peripheral perfusion for some of the heart contractions.
  40. Scoliosis
    lateral spinal curvature
  41. Striae
    streak or linear scar that results from rapidly developing tension in the skin, commonly seen on the abdomen after pregnancy.
  42. Tactile Fremitus
    tremulous vibration of the chest wall during breathing that is palpable on physical examination.
  43. Thrill
    continuous palpable sensation, like the purring of a cat
  44. Turgor
    normal resiliency of the skin caused by the outward pressure of the cells and interstitial fluid.
  45. Varicosities
    superficial veins that become dilated, for example, varicose veins on the leg or esophageal varicosities along the surface of the esophagus.
  46. Ventricular Gallop
    abnormal low-pitched extra heart sound (S3) heard in early diastole
  47. Vesicle
    A small sac or cyst, especially one containing fluid
  48. Vocal Fremitus
    vibrations created by sound waves that can be palpated externally
  49. Whispered Pectoriloquy
    transmission of a whisper through the pulmonary structures so that it is heard as normal audible speech of auscultation
  50. Buccal Mucosa
    mucous membrane of the inside of the cheek. It is non-keratinised and is continuous with the mucosa of the soft palate, under surface of tongue and the floor of the mouth.
  51. Sclera
    the opaque (usually white) fibrous, protective, outer layer of the eye containing collagen and elastic fibers
  52. Accomodation
    The automatic adjustment in the focal length of the lens of the eye to permit retinal focus of images of objects at varying distances
  53. Purulent
    producing or containing pus.
  54. Red Reflex
    a luminous red appearance seen upon the retina in retinoscopy
  55. Romberg
    Test for neurological examination & used to test for drunken driving
  56. Weber’s Test
    This is a hearing test that checks there is a lateralization of sound
  57. Rinne Test
    Another hearing test that checks the comparison of air and bone conduction
  58. Homan’s
    Dorsiflection of the foot causes pain in calf (phlebitis) [Not recommended may dislodge clot if present]
  59. Costovertebral Angle (CVA) Tenderness
    Pain produced when tapping CVA(formed by last rib & vertebral column) example: kidney infection
Card Set
Test 1