test for the patency of the radial artery. The client’s hand is formed into a fist while the nurse compresses the ulnar artery. Compression of the ulnar artery is continued while the fist is opened. If blood perfusion through the radial artery is adequate, the hand should flush and resume pinkish coloration.
neurological disorder influencing the production and understanding of language.
point at which the heart touches the anterior chest wall; best site for auscultation of heart sounds; also called the point of maximal impulse (PMI).
thin white ring along the margin of the iris
To cause to wither or deteriorate; in size of a body organ, tissue, or part owing to disease, injury, or lack of use
audible abnormal sound produced by hyperactive intestinal peristalsis.
increase in intensity and clarity of the vocal response that may result from an increase in the lung tissue density, such as the consolidation of pneumonia.
abnormal sound or murmur heard while auscultating an organ, gland, or artery.
the time it takes a nail bed to return to its usual color after the blood flow has been momentarily occluded is an indicator of peripheral circulation.
abnormal condition of a tooth, characterized by decay
a yellow, waxy substance produced by sweat glands in the external ear canal. This is normal.
ruby red papules of the skin
bulging of the tissues at the nail base due to insufficient oxygenation at the periphery resulting from conditions such as chronic emphysema and congenital heart disease.
bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by deoxygenated hemoglobin in the blood or a structural defect in hemoglobin.
swelling of a body cavity; may be caused by fluid, gas, or a mass.
eversion of the eyelid that exposed the conjunctival membrane and part of the eyeball.
redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that is a result of dilation and congestion of superficial capillaries; sunburn is an example
injury to the skin’s surface caused by abrasion
abnormal benign growth on the surface of a bone
permanent dilation and engorgement of a vein within the lining of the rectum.
protrusion of abdominal organs through the muscle wall.
excessive body hair in a masculine distribution caused by hereditary, hormonal dysfunction, or medication.
increased muscle tone.
hardened tissue, particularly skin, due to edema, inflammation, or infiltration by a tumor
yellow discoloration of skin, mucous membranes, and sclera, caused by greater then normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood.
exaggeration of the posterior curvature of the thoracic spine
thick, raised, pearly-white patch of precancerous tissue found on the lips, buccal mucosa, penis, or vulva.
increased lumbar curvature
low-pitched fluttering or humming sound, such as a heart murmur
involuntary rhythmic movements of the eyes; the oscillations may be horizontal, vertical, rotary, or mixed.
An instrument for examining the interior structures of the eye, especially the retina, consisting essentially of a mirror that reflects light into the eye and a central hole through which the eye is examined.
instrument with a special ear speculum used to examine the deeper structures of the external and middle ear.
Extreme or unnatural paleness
tiny purple or red spots that appear on the skin as minute hemorrhages within dermal layers.
Point of Maximal Impulse (PMI):
anatomical point along the fourth to fifth intercostal space at the midclavicular line where the heartbeat can most easily be palpated through the chest wall.
small tumor like growths that projects from a mucous membrane surface.
abnormal condition of one or both upper eyelids in which the eyelid droops; caused by weakness of the levator muscle or paralysis of the third cranial nerve.
condition that exists when the radial pulse is less then the ventricular rate as auscultated at the apex or seen on an electrocardiogram; indicates a lack of peripheral perfusion for some of the heart contractions.
lateral spinal curvature
streak or linear scar that results from rapidly developing tension in the skin, commonly seen on the abdomen after pregnancy.
tremulous vibration of the chest wall during breathing that is palpable on physical examination.
continuous palpable sensation, like the purring of a cat
normal resiliency of the skin caused by the outward pressure of the cells and interstitial fluid.
superficial veins that become dilated, for example, varicose veins on the leg or esophageal varicosities along the surface of the esophagus.
abnormal low-pitched extra heart sound (S3) heard in early diastole
A small sac or cyst, especially one containing fluid
vibrations created by sound waves that can be palpated externally
transmission of a whisper through the pulmonary structures so that it is heard as normal audible speech of auscultation
mucous membrane of the inside of the cheek. It is non-keratinised and is continuous with the mucosa of the soft palate, under surface of tongue and the floor of the mouth.
the opaque (usually white) fibrous, protective, outer layer of the eye containing collagen and elastic fibers
The automatic adjustment in the focal length of the lens of the eye to permit retinal focus of images of objects at varying distances
producing or containing pus.
a luminous red appearance seen upon the retina in retinoscopy
Test for neurological examination & used to test for drunken driving
This is a hearing test that checks there is a lateralization of sound
Another hearing test that checks the comparison of air and bone conduction
Dorsiflection of the foot causes pain in calf (phlebitis) [Not recommended may dislodge clot if present]
Costovertebral Angle (CVA) Tenderness
Pain produced when tapping CVA(formed by last rib & vertebral column) example: kidney infection