lecture #12

  1. how does change come about?
    • generalization - from target to entire social category¬†
    • differentiation - of out-group members; high variability¬†
    • Reduced meaningfulness of social category;¬†decategorization
  2. common in-group identity model
    inter-group prejudice can be reduced by breaking down the salience of pre-existing group categories by getting the groups to reconceptualize themselves as all members of a larger, common in-group identity
  3. superordinate goals create common identity, which allows...
    • decategorization and recategorization
    • ex:// 9/11
  4. contact hypothesis
    increasing exposure to members of various groups can increase positive evaluations of the out-group and decrease prejudice and stereotyping
  5. allport specified that at least four fundamental criteria must be met in order for positive intergroup contact to occur
    • equal-status members
    • common goals
    • intergroup cooperation
    • the support of legitimate authority
  6. entity theorists
    tend to believe that personality traits are fixed, stable predictors of behaviour. They also believe that behaviour is consistent
  7. incremental theorists
    are more cognizant of the belief that behaviour (and personality) are less predictable and malleable. ex://people can change with effort, training, and/or practice
Card Set
lecture #12