Final - Cumulative

  1. What do diuretics do for HTN?
    lower blood volume through urinary excretion of water and electrolytes
  2. what electrolytes are affected by diuretics to treat HTN?
    • Na+
    • Ca+
    • Cl-
    • K+
  3. what is the action of Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide)?
    • Diuresis via ↓ kidney absorption
    • ↓BP and workload
  4. what is the action of Lasix (furosemide)?
    • Most diuresis via ↓kidney LOOP absorption
    • ↓BP and workload
  5. what is the action of Vasotec (enalapril)?
    • reduces levels of angiotensin II (vasoconstrictor) and aldosterone
    • ↓BP and workload lowering peripheral resistance & blood volume
    • ↑ excretion of Na+ and H2O
  6. What happens to the electrolytes with ACE inhibitors (enalapril)?
    ↑ excretion of Na+ and H2O
  7. what is the action of Procardia (nifedipine)?
    • causes vasodilation, decreasing BP
    • works on ARTERIOLES
  8. what class of drug is Procardia (nifedipine)?
    Ca+ channel blocker
  9. what are the side effects of Procardia (nifedipine)?
    ↓peristalsis of bowels=constipation

    • dizziness
    • HA
    • arrhythmias
    • peripheral edema
    • brady or tachy
    • flushing
    • Nausea (GI upset)
    • possible male infertility
    • sexual difficulties
  10. what are the nursing considerations of Procardia (nifedipine)?
    • monitor BP/HR (REPORT <90/60
    • falls risk due to dizziness
    • monitor labs
    • daily weights
    • safe and well tolerated by elderly and afro-american
Card Set
Final - Cumulative
Final - Cumulative