history April 6th

  1. Abolitionist Movement
    - Transcendentalism
    philosophy was consistent with reforms and abolition. Popularized by R.W. Emerson (nature) and H.D. Thoreau (Walden). Believed people were good and human potential was limitless; answers found in nature and within self
  2. -Religious Influences
    SecondĀ Great Awakening emerged as a series of religious revivals denouncing slavery, alcohol, and implementing prison reform
  3. -William Lloyd Garrison
    wrote The Liberator and called for immediate end to slavery
  4. -Frederick Douglass
    African American speaker, writer, newspaper editor, and escaped slavery whom used his experienced as a slavery to speak out against it
  5. -Harriet Beecher Stowe
    wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin depicting horrors of slavery
  6. John Brown's Raid
    led attack on federal arsenal in Virginia. Tried to start a slave rebellion but was hung for treason and view as a martyr
  7. Women's Rights, Labor, and other Reform Movements
    - Women's Rights
    Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott organized 1st women's rights convention (Seneca Fall). Issued " Declaration of Sentiments. Susan B. Antony built national women's rights organization
  8. -Temperance
    to end/reduce use of alcohol
  9. - Educational Reform
    Horace Mann- goal educate all American children on public expense
  10. -Labor Reform
    restrict child labor and improve working conditions
  11. -Prison Reform
    eliminate crowded cells, debtor prisons, corporal punishment, death penalty, and convictions for " insane"
  12. - Mental Illness Reform
    Dorothea Dix- improve living/ medical care for "insane," poor, or crippled
  13. Sectionalism
    Loyalty to and personal identification with section of the U.S instead of to the whole nation; differences among regions affected the actions, reactions, and viewpoints
  14. Congressional Conflicts and Compromises
    - Daniel Webster (North)
    anti-slavery; pro-tariff; federal authority
  15. -John C. Calhoun (South)
    pro-slavery; anti-tariff; state's rights
  16. -Henry Clay(West)
    pro-economic growth and infrastructure; pro-tariff; federal authority; U.S. self-sufficiency
  17. -Missouri Compromise
    Missouri admitted as slave state; Maine admitted as free state; all future states north of Louisiana Territory would be free
  18. -Wilmot Proviso
    proposed law all future states in Mexican Cession free
  19. Compromise of 1850
    five part plan with leaders from North/South
  20. 1. California as a free state
    2. Mexican Cession provides for voters to determine whether slave or free
    3. Washington D.C. ends slave trade in nation's capital
    • 4.Fugitive Slave Act requires help and capture of runaway slaves
    • 5. border dispute settled between Texas and New Mexico
  21. Kansa-Nebraska Act
    voters in territory determine slavery or free. Violated Missouri Compromise. Violence erupted ( " Bleeding Kansas")
  22. Causes of Civil War
    • - State's rights, slavery, and sectionalism
    • - Election of 1860 of Abraham Lincoln forces South to secede
  23. Civil War
    • - Took 4 years for North to defeat South
    • -Fort Sumter, Bull Run, Antietam, Emancipation Proclamation, Battle of Gettysburg, Battle of Vicksburg, Appomattox Courthouse
  24. Individual Contributions
    Lincoln's Inaugural Address, Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Address(healing nation's wounds and reunification)
  25. 2.
    Jefferson Davis Inaugural Address
  26. 3.
    Northern President: Abraham Lincoln
  27. 4.
    Northern Commander: Ulysses S. Grant
  28. 5.
    Southern President: Jefferson Davis
  29. 6.
    Southern Commander: Robert E. Lee
  30. 7.
    Southern Army Leader: Stonewall Jackson
  31. 8.
    Julia Ward Howe: writer of uplifting " Battle Hymn of the Republic" that was sung by Union troops Civil War
Card Set
history April 6th
cards for the history test on April 7th