fire fighting first aid survival nav etc. anglo

  1. heat
    a form of energy generated by the transformation of some other form of energy as an combustion or burning
  2. hydrostatic release unit
    automatically release the liferaft at a depth not more than 4m
  3. what is immersion suit and thermal protective aid
    is a protective suit which reduces the heat loss of a person wearing it in a cold water.

    bag/suit made of water proof material having a low thermal conductivity
  4. 4 methods of extinguishment
    1. cooling- to reduce temp. of fuel below its ig. pt.

    2. smoothering- to separate fuel from oxygen

    3. oxygen dillution- to reduce the amount of oxygen below that needed to sustain combustion

    4. chain breaking- to disrupt the chemical process that sustain fire
  5. life jacket
    life preserver in form of bouyant vest
  6. how can you turn liferaft in upright position?
    Image Upload 1

    locate the oxygen cylinder stay and hold the righting straps and locate the direction of the wind, face against the wind and pull the life raft
  7. oxygen
    a colorless, odorless gas and one of the compositions of air which is approx. 21% by volume
  8. fuel
    is any substance which reacts chemically with oxygen and produces flames, or burns
  9. chain reaction
    a series of events, which causes or influences its succeeding events
  10. how the burns are classified?
    by deg. of damage to the skin

    • 1st deg- epidermal layer is the only one affected.
    • 2nd deg- the epidermic and dermal layers of skin are usually burned.
    • 3rd deg- the burns exceeds through all dermal layers and can involved subcutaneous layers, muscles, organs, and bone
  11. wound meaning
    it is a break in the vital tissues of the body either internal or external
  12. classification of wounds
    1. open wound- injuries sustained from a blow with a sharp object causing the skin to be torn

    2. closed wound- involves the underlying tissues without a break in the skin
  13. hypothermia
    progressive loss of body heat that results from a cold temp.
  14. oxygen req.
    12% no fire

    14% flashpoint

    16%-21% FIREPOINT
  15. breathing apparatus
    is a device that provides breathing protection to the user
  16. types of breathing apparatus
    • demand type 
    • positive type
  17. 2 types of liferaft
    • inflatable
    • rigid
  18. fracture meaning 
    2 kinds with meaning
    is a crack or break of bone

    open fracture- the skin is torn and sometimes the bone is out and can be seen

    close fracture- the bone is broken but theres no break in the skin
  19. kinds of open wounds
    • caused by
    • 1. ABRASION- rubbing
    • 2. LACERATION- cut by a rough edge instrument etc.
    • 3. incision- cut by blades etc.
    • 4. PUNCTURE- penetrating pointed instrument icepeak nails
    • 5. AVULSION- accidents such as motor vehicles, gunshots, explosions, animal bites.
  20. control external bleeding
    • 1. elevate extremity
    • 2. direct pressure
    • 3. pressure points.. brachial .. femoral
    • 4. splints
    • 5. torniquet (last resort)
  21. maximum blood lost
    • adult- 1ltr.
    • child- 1/2 ltr.
  22. fire triangle
    a graphical presentation of the 3 elements of fire namely oxygen,  heat and fuel
  23. oxygen sources
    • 21% oxygen
    • 78% nitrogen
    • 1% other gases usually argon
  24. thermal protective aids
    • a bag or suit made up of waterproof material having a low thermal conductivity
    • - a person uses it shall reduce both the convective and evaporative heat loss from the wearers body
  25. how to jump into the water
    1. keep life jacket on, secure tied and hold it down by crossing arms over chest

    2. block off nose and mouth with one hand

    3. keep feet together

    4. check below to avoid obstruction

    5. look straight jump feet first
  26. fire alarm
    rapid ringing of the ship bell and/ or continuous ringing on the general alarm for a period of at least 10 sec.
  27. upon hearing the alarm

    how to prevent pollution

    relationship on ship

    what is stretcher
    - wear life jacket, proceed to muster station

    - dont throw garbage into the sea

    - follow order from superior, avoid troubles, cooperation, be humble

    - use to carry injured person
  28. types of burns
    • thermal
    • chemical
    • electrical
  29. color code of fire extinguisher
    • water red
    • dry powder blue
    • co2 black
    • hallow (green)
  30. at what distance from shore you can throw food waste at sea
    not less than 3 miles (not in special areas) from shore
  31. fire
    is a chemical reaction known as rapid oxidation that produces heat and light in the form  of flames, gases and smoke
  32. normal body temp.

    -blood pressure

    - pulse rate

    - normal respiratory
    36.5 to 37.5deg c

    90  to 60 or 140/90

    60-100 p/min

    12 to 20 breaths p/min
  33. life raft
    supplements to lifeboats used of employed as primary or secondary means of evacuation
  34. oxidation
    a chemical process in which a substance combined with oxygen, giving off energy usually in the form of heat
  35. 6 annexes
    • 1. oil
    • 2. noxious liquid subs.
    • 3. harmful subs. in pack form
    • 4. sewage
    • 5. garbage
    • 6. unwanted marine animals in ballast h2o
  36. immersion suits
    a protective clothing or suit which reduces the body heat loss of a person wearing it in cold water
  37. first aid of shock person
    • 1. proper position keep the victim lying down and elevate the feet for about 8 to 12 inches
    • 2. maintain the body temp. keep the victim warm
  38. roles of first aid
    • 1. f.a. bridges  or fills the gap bet. the victim and the physician
    • 2. f.a does not intended to compete w/ or take place of a physician
    • 3. f.a. ends when the services of the physician begin
  39. ar procedure
    raise the alarm IS THE SCENE SAFE?

    1. check for unresponsiveness tap the person and shout r u ok?

    2. shout for help

    3. roll the person onto back

    • 4. open airway check mouth nose for obs. {heimlich man.}

    • 5. check for breathing LOOK LISTEN AND FEEL. for 5sec

    6. check for pulse (carotid) 10 sec

    7. no breathing has pulse cont. rescue breathing

    8 give 1 full breath every 5sec cont for 1 min about 12 sec

    9. recheck pulse and breathing.
  40. cpr

    • 1. find hand position 
    • - locate the notch at lower end of sternum measure up 2 fingers (index and middle)
    • - place heel of other hand of the sternum next to the fingers
    • - remove hand from notch and put it on other hand
    • - keep the fingers off chest

    • 2. give 15 compressions
    • - position shoulders over hands.compress sternum at a depth of 1 1/2 to 2 inches

    3. give 2 full breaths 1.5 to 2 inches

    4. repeat compression / breathing cycles

    do three  more cycle of 15 compression and 2 breaths

    5. recheck pulse
  41. what is cpr?
    cardio pulmunary resuscitation
  42. one man assist
    • 1. assist to walk
    • 2. carry in arms
    • 3. pack strap carry
    • 4. piggy back carry
    • 5. firemans carry
    • 6. firemans drag
    • 7. blanket drag
  43. three mans carry
    • bearer's alongside (for narrow alleys)
    • hammock carry
  44. 2 man assist carry
    • 1. assist to walk
    • 2. four hand seat
    • 3. hands as a liter
    • 4. carry by extremities
    • 5. chair carry
  45. Image Upload 2
    • 1. dragline
    • 2. iron ring
    • 3. canvass
    • 4. pet cock
    • 5. filler cap
    • 6. trip line
    • 7. bridle
  46. how to wear caba
    • 1. check 1st the ba inspect gauge if has enough oxygen if not reload.
    • 2. put the ba on your back be sure that no sharp object at your back
    • 3. put mask on your face it must be tight so that the air will not be able to get out
    • 4. turn the gauge on
  47. first aid
    is the immediate and temporary care given to the victim of an accident or those who become suddenly ill until the services of the physician can be obtained
  48. methods of transfer
    • 1. one man assists/ carries/ drags
    • 2. two man assists/ carries
    • 3. 3 mans carries
  49. how to conduct cpr in one man rescue?
    two blows for every 15 chest compression for about 4 cycle in one min
  50. 1 heimlich maneuver?

    2 abdominal/ chest thrust?
    1 method of dislodging and forcing an object out of the airway

    2 use for pregnant woman
  51. parts of b.a.
    • 1. face piece
    • 2. cylinder valve
    • 3. regulator gauge
    • 4. tank gauge
    • 5. regulator valve
  52. objectives of first aid
    • 1. to save life.
    • 2. to alleviate pain and human sufferings
    • 3. to prevent further injury
  53. characteristic of good first aider
    • 1. gentle
    • 2. resourceful
    • 3. observant
    • 4. tactful
    • 5. emphatic
    • 6. respectable
  54. methods of a.r. 
    (ways to ventilate the lungs)
    • 1. mouth to mouth
    • 2. nose to mouth
    • 3. mouth to mouth to nose
    • 4. mouth to stoma
    • 5. mouth to mask
    • 6. bag valve mask
  55. ar
    artificial respiration is the procedure for causing air to flow into and out of a victim's lungs when his natural breathing ceases or inadequate
  56. respiratory arrest
    no breath with pulse
  57. how to use fire extinguisher

    • p - pull the pin
    • a - aim the nozzle
    • s - squeeze the lever
    • s - sweep the nozzle
  58. dismissal
    3 short blast on the ship whistle and 3 short ring of gen alarm
  59. can plastic be thrown overboard?
    no, it cannot be thrown overboard at all times
  60. what will you do after using a portable fire extinguisher that is already empty?
    refill and return back to its rack where its mounted
  61. how to clean burn?
    wash it from 10-15 min. in a running water and then put an ointment
  62. abc steps
    • airway opened
    • breathing restored
    • circulation retored
  63. what is immersion suit
    a protective clothing or suit that reduces the body heat loss of a person wearing it in a cold weather area
  64. at what dist. from shore you can throw food waste at sea
    3 miles in not special area from shore
  65. why do we prohibit the throwing garbage at sea
    bec. it destroy our marine environment
  66. when do you use torniquet
    when the life of victim is endangered, it is the last resort
  67. life line code of signal
    • o - ok
    • a - advance
    • t - take me out
    • h - help
  68. man overboard
    1. 3 long blast on ship whistle repeat as necessary

    2. hail the word man overboard to the bridge
  69. 2 types of death (mean)
    • 2 biological death - when the brain has been deprived of oxygenated blood 6-10 min irreversible brain damage problem
    • - 10mins or more deprived of oxygenated blood clinical damage
    • - when breathing and circulation stop 0-4min brain damage 4-6min damage probable
  70. how can you stop bleeding on a wound
    • 1. apply direct pressure
    • 2. elevate body part
    • 3. apply bandage
    • 4. apply pressure point if bleeding not stop
    • 5. torniquet (last resort)
  71. abandonship
    7 short blast followed by 1 long blast of the ship whistle and the sound signal on the gen. alarm
  72. how do you manage an unconscious victim
    lye down the victim on the safe area and flat on the floor
  73. collision signal
    • 1. 8 blast of ship bell followed by gen. alarm sounded initially at a time
    • 2. 1 long blast of ship whistle
    • 3. pass the word followed by announcement through public add
  74. what is burn
    is an injury involving the skin, resulted from heat, chemical and radiation
  75. launching liferaft
    • secure the painter
    • pull the rope a little
    • throw the liferaft
    • pull the rope, untill the liferaft open
  76. life boat equipment
    • 1. bailer
    • 2. bilge pump
    • 3. buckets (2)
    • 4. protective cover
    • 5. fishing kit
    • 6. first aid kit
    • 7. provisions (10,000kj) each
    • 8. condence milk
    • 9. water 3 quarts of water per person
    • 10 jack knife
    • 11. drinking cups

    • 1. flash light 
    • 2. portable bunker
    • 3. matches sponges
    •        2 smoke signals
    •        4 red parachute flares
    •        6 hand flares
    • signalling mirror
  77. fire extinguishing agents
    • A  WATER   FOAM    DCP
    • B               FOAM    DCP   CO2
    • C                           DCP   CO2
    • D                           DCP

  78. what is sea anchor
    used to prevent/lessen the lifeboat/raft drifting and maintain the position while waiting the rescuers
  79. what is all about safe working practice
    is all about wearing the proper working gears, obtaining entry permit by wearing safety shoes, gloves, safety helmet goggles, cover all, s.c.b.a.
  80. what is the life jacket attachments
    • 1. whistle
    • 2. reflective tape
    • 3. torch/ life jacket light 8 hrs.
  81. what is fire
    is a chemical reaction known as rapid oxidation that produces heat and light in the form of flames, gas and smoke
  82. pssr
    what is all about social responsibilities
    personal safety and social responsibility

    - is all about duty to your shipmates or crew members onboard ship by having good relationship communication and respect for your subordinates and duty to the host country and their culture tradition and laws
  83. classes of fire
    A common combustible material, (wood, rope, paper, plastic, rubber)

    B liquid and gas fire (gasoline, thinner, paint, diesel, grease, LPG, LNG, acethelene

    C electrical fire (wiring computer generator)

    D metal fire (magnesium, Na, K, Al, titanum bromium)
  84. how to wear life jacket
    • 1. pass both arms through the armhole with the collar passing up
    • 2. tighten the breast strings firm and tie them
    • 3. tighten the lower strings firmly and wind them once around the waist and tie them at the front
    • 4. tighten and tie collars string at the front
  85. roles of first aid (3)
    • 1. is a bridge that fills the gap bet. victim and the physician
    • 2. it is not intended to compete with or take the place of physician
    • 3. it ends when the service of physician begins
  86. fire fighting equipment
    • 1. fixed fire extinguisher system
    • 2. semi-portable fire extinguisher
    • 3. portable fire extinguisher
  87. objective of first aid
    • 1. to save life
    • 2. to alleviate pain and human sufferings
    • 3. to prevent further injury
  88. kinds of burn
    • 1. thermal
    • 2. chemical
    • 3. electric
    • 4. radiation
  89. type and nature of bleeding
    • 1. capillary
    • 2. venous
    • 3. arterial
  90. first aid meaning
    is the immediate and temporary care given to the victim of an accident or those who become suddenly ill until the services of the physician can be obtained
  91. hyperthermia
    increase in body temp. that results from a hot environment
  92. charter
    contract for hiring a ship its either time voyage or demise
  93. rules of hold ventillation
    1. if the dew point outside is lower or equal to that of the hold dew point cont. ventillation

    2. if the dew point outside is higher than the hold dew point do not ventilate
  94. Image Upload 3
    • 1.  1/4 length of ship
    • 2.  1/2 length of 100 meters
    • 3. 6-12 meters
    • 4. 4-5 meters
  95. securite
    used in the broadcast of imp. nav. or safety info.
  96. gale warning signals
    • meteorological officer sends a warning telegram or  hoist a black canvas cone 1m high 1m wide. point upward for gales commencing from a northerly point. 
    • point downward for gales commencing from a southerly point

    Image Upload 4
  97. types of bill of lading
    • 1. clean                             bill of lading
    • 2. foul                                      "
    • 3. received for shipment            "
    • 4. shipped                                "
    • 5. direct                                   "
    • 6. through
    • 7. combined transport               "
    • 8. open
    • 9. straight
    • 10 bearer                                "
    • 11 order
  98. functions of bill of lading
    1. receipt signed by the master on behalf of shipowner, for goods received onboard into the shipsowners custody

    2. evidence of a contract bet shipper and carrier for the carriage of goods by sea

    3. it is a document of title to the goods described in it
  99. bill of lading
    list of goods being transported together with the condition that apply to their transpo.
  100. mates receipt
    receipt given and signed by the mate for goods actually received on board the ship which should be drawn up carefully to show the identification marks from talli books
  101. nautical publications
    • 1. notice to the mariners
    • 2. light list
    • 3. sailing direction
    • 4. us coast pilot
    • 5. world port index (pub. 150)
    • 6. naut almanac
    • 7. tide tables
    • 8. radio nav. aids (pub 117 a  117b)
    • 9. sight reduction table for marine nav 229
    • for air nav 249
  102. common year

    leap year

    tropical year

    sidereal year

    anomalistic year
    - any year divisible by 366 days

    - length of year with respect to vernal equinox 365 days 5 hrs 48 mins 46 sec

    - length of year with respect to stars 365d 6h 9min 10 sec

    - period from perihelion to perihelion 365d 6h 13m 53s
  103. winter soltices

    vernal equinox

    summer soltices

    autumnal equinox
    • 1st point of capricorn
    • 1st point of aries
    • 1st point of cancer
    • 1st point of libra
  104. if you see  a choking person what are you going to do
    help him by using the heimlich maneuver. standing behind the victim, wrap your arms around his waist. grasp your fist with your other hand and place the fist against the victim's abdomen. press the abdomen with a quick upward thrust
  105. track
    intended or desired horizontal direction of travel with respect to the earth and also the path of intended travel
  106. fix
    is the common intersection of two or more lines of positioned obtained from simultaneous observations not depend any former
  107. climate
    refers to the prevalent or characteristic meteorological of a place or a region
  108. chemistry
    is the study about the elements and chemical composition of a substance
  109. mooring line
    it is a big rope use to secure the ship on port
  110. course
    is a horizontal direction in which the vessel is steered or intended to be steered
  111. plane sailing formula
    • .           dep
    • sin co= dist

    •              dlat
    • cos co= dist

    •             dep
    • tan co= dlat
  112. mercator sailing
    • .            Dlo
    • tan co = DMP

    • .            Dlat
    • dist  =  cos. co
  113. mayday
    used in the transmission of distress messages
  114. pan
    used in the broadcast of very urgent safety or nav info.
  115. horizon system coordinates
    • 1. prime vertical
    • 2. altitude
    • 3. zenith dist
    • 4. azimuth
    • 5. azimuth angle
    • 6. amplitude
  116. 0000-0400hrs
    • middle watch
    • morning watch
    • forenoon watch
  117. oceanography
    application of science to the phenomena of oceans
  118. meteorology
    is the scientific study of the atmosphere and its phenomena
  119. at night
    Image Upload 5
    • west white
    • very quick flash (9) or quick flash (9)
  120. at night
    Image Upload 6
    • south white
    • very quick flash (6) + 1long or quick flash (6)+1 long
  121. non hygroscopic gargo
    • consists of materials of solid nature such as steel products, machinery, earthenware, canned goods
    • ventilation cold to warm X no ventilation
    • warm to cold yes ventilate
  122. 1. ship sweat 
    2. cargo sweat
    • 1. condensation of the ship's structure
    • 2. condensation directly on the cargo
  123. line throwing appliances
    all vessels must be provided with an approved line throwing appliances capable of throwing a line 4mm in dia. a dist of 230 meters in calm weather
  124. line throwing appliance includes
    • include
    • 4 rocket kept in water tight case
    • 4 lines with a breaking strain of not less than 2 kilo newtons
  125. passenger
    the person object of transportation
  126. consignee
    the person whom the goods are sent
  127. carrier
    the party which agrees to transport
  128. shipper
    the party whose goods are transported
  129. sweat
    is a condensation which forms on all surfaces and on all goods in a compartment or hold due to the inability of cooled air to hold in suspension as much water vapor as warm air
  130. dunnage
    • a term applied to loose wood in a ship's hold for the protection of cargo
    • purpose; to provide ventilation and drainage for cargo
  131. at night
    Image Upload 7
    • north white
    • very quick flashing or quick flashing
  132. light port hand
    red any rythym
  133. chart projection
    • 1. mercator map projection
    • 2. rectangular projection
    • 3. simple conic projection
    • 4. lambert comformal map projection
    • 5. polyconic map projection
    • 6. gnomonic map projection
    • 7. stereographic map projection
    • 8. orthographic 
    • 9. azimuthal 
    • equidistant chart projection
  134. rectangular projection
    similar to mercator but with uniform spacing of the parallels
  135. eclipse
    sun moon earth lie in straight line
  136. gnomonic map projection
    great circles project as straight lines
  137. perimeter
    p = 2xL  +  2xB

    p = NxL
  138. on mercator chart great circle appears to be
    concave towards the equator
  139. mercator map projection
    the only cylindrical projection widely used for navigation as named by its inventor gerardus mercator
  140. in mercator chart great circle appears to be
    concave towards equator
  141. at night
    Image Upload 8
    • safe water mark white light
    • isophase occulting or showing a long flash or morse A
  142. at night
    Image Upload 9
    isolated danger mark white flashing light showing a group of 2 flashes
  143. notices to mariners
    • -weekly publication
    • - giving info. on changes in
    • 1.  aids to nav.
    • 2.  dangers to nav.
    • 3.  new soundings
    • 4.  changes in channels
    • 5.  radio nav. info
    • 6.  new and revised charts and publications
    • 7.  special warnings and notices
  144. stbd hand
    green light any rythym
  145. at night
    Image Upload 10
    • east white
    • very quick flash (3) or quick flash (3)
  146. radar
    • radio detection and ranging
    • - a electronic equip. that transmits and receives high frequency radio waves to detect, locate and tract dist. object
  147. at night
    Image Upload 11
    • special mark yellow light
    • flashing or showing a group of 3 flashes
  148. special mark light
    yellow flashing or showing a group of 3 flashes
  149. arpa
    • automatic radar plotting aid
    • computerized radar plotting system, which can be performed radar plotting manually or automatically according to the operators choice
  150. plotting purposes
    • 1. whether danger of collision exists.
    • 2. calculate cpa-tcpa
    • 3. calculate aspect
  151. vlcc
    very large crude carriers
  152. 3 commonly used surfaces in chart projection
    • 1. the plane (polar projection)
    • 2. the cone (lambert projection)
    • 3. the cylinder (mercator projection)sea chart treaverse mercator
  153. ecdis
    electronic chart display and information system
  154. hygroscopic cargo
    • mainly of vegetable origin such as grain, flour, cotton, tobacco, wood, ventilation cold to warm X donot ventilate
    • warm to cold ventilate
  155. mechanical advantage or example of tackles and purchases
    • 1. single whip
    • 2. gun tackle
    • 3. luff tackle
    • 4. 2 fold purchases
    • 5. double luff
    • 6. 3 fold purchase
  156. parts of life boat
    Image Upload 12
  157. if the captain declares abandon ship what are you going to do
    first wear your life jacket and proceed to your designated lifeboat station
  158. how do you know if the ship is stable
    a ship is stable if when floating in still water, it is  displace by some external force and moves away from its equilibrium position but returns to that position when the force is removed
  159. heaving line
    it is a small rope connected to the line throwing appliances and the mooring which be use to pull the mooring line from the ship to port
  160. knot? Nav
    is the term given to the unit of speed used in navigation, one knot means one nautical mile per hour
  161. if you are the one who will discover the fire onboard what will you do
    raise the alarm, report to the bridge and then take initial action appropriate
  162. climate
    refers to the prevalent or characteristic meteorological of a place or region
  163. meridian
    a great circle line passing through the geographical poles of the earth
Card Set
fire fighting first aid survival nav etc. anglo
for interview