Counc test 2

  1. Study Guide: Counceling test 2
  2. Know who said, I think therefore, I am!
    Rene Decartes
  3. Know the origin of the Existential theory:
    • Created by the writings of early philosophers
    • Founder : Victor Frankl and Rollo May, Irvin Yaloms and James Burgental
    • frankl and may brought the theory to the USA
    • Philosophers:
    • Soren Kierkegaard-Fear and dread
    • Fredrich Netzsche-Death, suicide and will
    • Martin Heidegger-Authentic being and isolation
    • Jean Paul Sarte-Meaninglessness and choice
    • Martin Buber-Self trancendence
  4. Know the key concepts of this theory. - existential
    • View of human Nature
    • -sifnificance of existence is never fixed but rather we continually recreate ourselves throughb our projects, Experience of being in the world alone and facing anxiety of isolation
    • Know the 4 Givens of existence.
    • death
    • freedom
    • isolation
    • meaninglessness
  5. The 6 basic dimension of human condition. - existential
    • capacity for self awareness
    • freedom and responsibility
    • creating ones identity and establishing meaningful relationships
    • search for meaning
    • anxiety as a condition of living
    • awareness of death and nonbeing
  6. Therapeutic goals 1 and 2-existential
    • -client recognize the ways in which they are not living fully authentic lives and to make choices that will lead them becoming waht they are capable of being
    • ⁃ helps clients face anxiety and engage in actions that are based on the authentic purpose of creating a worthy existence
  7. Therapist’s function and roles - existential
    • ⁃ encourager to the client
    • ⁃ assist the client in seeing their restricted existence and seeing they ways in which they have constricted their awareness
    • ⁃ lead the client to create their authentic way of being
  8. Client’s experience in therapy - existential
    ⁃ encouraged to take serisouly their own subjective experiences of the world
  9. Relationship between therapist and client.- existential
    • ⁃ process of self discovery for both
    • ⁃ relationship is very important
  10. Application: Therapeutic techniques and procedures - extential
    • deemphasis on technique
    • prefer description understanding and exploration of the clients subjective reality rather than diagnosis treatemtn and prognosis
  11. Know the phases of Existential counseling
    • initial- identify assumptions about the world
    • middle - examine the source and authority of the present value system
    • final - take what they learn and apply it resulting in a transformation
  12. Application to group counseling, brief therapy, - existential therapy
    • ⁃ works well in brief therapy and group counceling
    • ⁃ helps expeirence the work of responsibility
    • ⁃ and can be done in limited time
  13. The multicultural approach.- existential theapy
    ⁃ works with a multitude of cultures due to the emphasis on the individual
  14. 1.Know the origin of the person-Centered theory
    founded by carl rogers, who studied agriculture, history, religion then psychology
  15. Know the 4 Stages of the history of this theory Person-Centered Theory
    • first period 40's - non directive counceling
    • second period 50's - client centered therapy
    • third period 60's - student centered teaching
    • frouth period 80's - person centered approach
  16. The 4 growth promoting climate in the therapeutic process. Person-Centered Theory
    • genuineness
    • congruency
    • unconditional positive regard
    • empathy
  17. Know the similarity and differences between Existentialism and Humanistic
    • similar - respect clients subjective experience, client can make positive coices, focuses on concepts of freedom choive values personal responsibility autonomy purpose and meaning, and less value on techniques
    • different - extinentialist believe we are faced with the anxiety of choosing to create an identity and we have no internal potential so we have to choose what to make of every encounter
    • ⁃ humanists beliece that we are not so anxieous and that we have an internal potential much like an acorn or seed
  18. Views of human naturePerson-Centered Theory
    each individual possesses thier own self acutalizing tendency to strive towards realization, furfillment, autonomy, self determination, and perfection becasue of a positive center leading to growth
  19. Therapeutic process Person-Centered Theory
    not focused on tecniques but rather focused on the relationship between client and therapist
  20. Therapeutic goals Person-Centered Theory
    • process helps client to achieve independence
    • focus on the person not preseting problems
  21. Therapist function and role Person-Centered Theory
    instrument of change for the client to create the best possible environment under which healthy change can occur
  22. Client’s experience in therapy Person-Centered Theory
    therapeutic environment allows this person to explore possibilities for change
  23. Relationship between therapist and client Person-Centered Theory
    collaborative, equal between the two
  24. Application: Therapeutic techniques and procedures Person-Centered Theory
    • emphaisis is on the presence of the therapist
    • reflection of feelings
    • deemphais on techniques
    • assessment inclucds the clients contribution
  25. Application of the philosophy Person-Centered Theory
    effective with anxiety, alcholohism, psychosomatic problems, agoraphobia, interpersonal difficulty, depression, cancer, and personality disorders
  26. Application to crisis intervention Person-Centered Theory
    first responders chan use this technique to help develop confidence to resolve cirsis effectivly
  27. Application to group counseling
    facilator helps group membvers to follow their self direction and empowerment
  28. The role of assessment in person-centered therapy
    assessment should include clients contribution as much as possible rather than depend on personality tests
  29. The 5 tenets of Motivational interviewingPerson-Centered Theory
    • therpist exerciese reflective listening
    • evokes discrepancies and ambivalence
    • reluctance to change is normal
    • therpost supports the clients self efficacy
    • client shows intersest in changing focus on sternthening commitment
  30. Know the 6 stages of change stages Person-Centered Theory
    • precontemplation
    • contemplation
    • desire
    • action
    • maintenance
    • relapse (optional)
  31. Person-centered therapy from a multicultural perspective.
    very mutlicultural
  32. Know the limitation of the multicultural approach
    • some clients are looking for directive counceling
    • many value collectivism and not the interal locus of control
  33. Know the origin of the person-Centered theory:
    • Founder Fritz perls and the role of his wife Laura Perls
    • Know his occupation(s) (and Hers)
    • he was a psychaitrist, sudied and practiced psychoanalysis but thought humans were holistic
    • she was trained in art and dance and married Fritz as they sutdied gestalt therapy
  34. Know the key concepts of this theory. Gestalt Theory
    • vew of human nature is based in existential philosphy, and field theory
    • humans have to grow up and deal with their problems themselves
    • ⁃ growth happens becasue of the client movinvg from environmental support to self support or because of the reintegration of dosowned parts of one's personality
  35. Holism
    • based on the german world for whole
    • Gestalt Theory
  36. Field Theory
    • the interrelated environment of the client
    • Gestalt Theory
  37. The figure
    • how one organizes experiences from moment to moment
    • Gestalt Theory
  38. Organismic self regulation
    • process by which equilibirum is disturbed by the emergece of a need a sensation or an interest
    • Gestalt Theory
  39. The NOW
    • being able to fully experience the present moment
    • Gestalt Theory
  40. Unfinish business
    left over emotions from figures that are not compleatly resolved
  41. Contact
    • interating with nature and with others without loosing one sense of individuality
    • ⁃ introjection, projection, retroflection, deflection, confluence
  42. Energy
    attention given to energy and where it is located, how it is used and not used
  43. Views of human natureGestalt Theory
    humans need to grow up and solve their own problems
  44. The 2 personal agenda Gestalt Theory
  45. Therapeutic process Gestalt Theory
    • grounded in 6 components
    • continuum of experience
    • the there and now
    • the paradoxical theory of change
    • the experiment
    • the audithetic encounter
    • process oriented diagnosis
  46. Therapeutic goalsGestalt Theory
    assissting the client to attain greater awareness and with it greater choices
  47. Therapist function and roleGestalt Theory
    invites the client to join a partnership where they learn about themselves the therapist acts as a guide or catalysit but the client does the work
  48. Client’s experience in therapy Gestalt Theory
    • clients are active participants who make their own interpretations and meanings
    • they increase awareness and decide what they will do or not do with their personal meaning
    • discovery>accommodation>assimilation
  49. 3 Stage integration process: Gestalt Theory
  50. Relationship between therapist and client Gestalt Theory
    • person to person relationship is extreamly important
    • therapist are responsibvle for the quality of their presence and the client is responsible for remining themselves and not getting lost in a role
  51. Application: The Experiment Gestalt Theory
    grow out of interactions vbetween client and therapist and they emerve within the dialogic process, useful tools to help gain fuller awareness, experience conflicts, resolce inconsistencies, and work through an impasse that is preventing compleation of unfinished business
  52. The role of confrontation Gestalt Theory
    not a harsh attack but is done in such a way that the clinets cooperate expecially when they are invited to examine themselves to recognize how they are blocking their strenths
  53. Application to group counseling Gestalt Theory
    group members move from talking things out to acting on them to develop increased awareness
  54. The Seven Therapy intervention Gestalt Theory
    • internal dialogue exercise
    • making the rounds
    • the reversal exerice
    • rehearsal exercise
    • exxaggeration exericse
    • staying with feelings
    • approach
    • to dream work/live
  55. The Gestalt therapy from a multicultural perspective.
    • culturally sensitave and diversity friendly orientation,
    • experiments can be tailored to fir the unique way in which an indicidual interpret's his culture
  56. Know the limitation of the multicultural approach
    • cultural conditioning to be reserved
    • strong injunctions prohibiting them from directly expressing their emotions t
Card Set
Counc test 2