Anthro 304 Marriage (ch6)

  1. Fraternal polyandry
    A set of brothers shares a wife
  2. Polygany was preffered among Nuer men because
    It was a sign of wealth and prestige
  3. Womens responses to polygany marriages sometimes include
    Co-wife jealousy
  4. Polygamous means
    A community that allows polygany and monogamy
  5. Critics of Polyandry sometimes assume
    It is inconceivable that males would give up sexual exclusivity and reproductive rights to their wife.
  6. Non-fraternal polyandry
    One woman marrying numerous husband that are NOT brothers
  7. Three main marriage forms
    Monogamy, Polygany & Polyandry
  8. Polyandry can support
    Low population growth
  9. patrilineage
    multi-generational group of relatives related by patrilineal descent.
  10. patrilineal descent
    unilineal descent that follows the male line.
  11. One possible downside of fraternal polyandry
    Little population growth
  12. Fraternal polyandry benefits a community that
    Has scarce resources because it serves as population control -Which balances rescources amongst the population
  13. With this pattern, people are related if they can trace descent through males to the same male ancestor.
    Patrilineal descent
  14. Both males and females inherit a patrilineal family membership but only males can pass it on.
    Patrilineal descent
  15. Also known as "agnatic descent."
    Patrilineal descent
  16. usually consist of related nuclear families descended from the same man.
    Patrilineage
  17. Patrilocal (residence)
    the pattern in which a newly married couple moves in with or near the groom's father's house. This keeps men near their male relatives, while women must leave their natal households.
  18. Patrilocal residence is strongly
    associated with patrilineal descent.
  19. polyandry
    the marriage of one woman to several men at the same time.
  20. ________ is a rare type of polygamy.
    polyandry
  21. "fraternal polyandry"
    brothers sharing the same wife.
  22. Polyandry usually this form
    "Fraternal polyandry"
  23. marriage to more than one spouse at the same time.
    polygamy
  24. Polygamy occurs as
    • polygyny
    • or, more rarely, polyandry
  25. the marriage of one man to several women at the same time.
    polygyny
  26. This is the most common form of polygamy.
    Polygyny
  27. Polygyny often takes the form of
    "sororal polygyny", which is two or more sisters married to the same man.
  28. the residence pattern in which a woman moves into her husband's home.
    • virilocal residence
    • If it is with his father instead, the residence pattern is called patrilocal.
  29. the residence pattern in which a newly married couple has the choice of living with or near the groom's or the bride's family.
    ambilocal residence
  30. a form of cognatic descent in which individuals can select to trace descent either matrilineally or patrilineally.
    ambilineal descent
  31. The decision of descent (possibly) made by each generation based on the relative wealth and/or importance of the father's and the mother's family lines.
    ambilineal descent
  32. a woman marries one or more husbands while staying married to all the previous husbands.
    secondary marriage
  33. It is a rule of marriage in which an individual has to marry outside his own group and prohibits marrying within the group. The so-called blood relatives shall neither have marital connections nor sexual contacts among themselves.
    Exogamy:
  34. the practice of marrying outside ones own village.
    Village Exogamy
  35. True or False:No society gives absolute freedom to its members to select their partners.
    true
  36. two main rules that condition marital choice.
    • Endogamy
    • exogamy
  37. It is a form of marriage in which one man marries more than one woman at a given time.
    Polygyny
  38. two types of Polyandry ----
    • Fraternal Polyandry
    • non fraternal polyandry.
  39. When several brothers share the same wife the practice can be called
    fraternal polyandry.
  40. This practice of being mate, actual or potential to one's husband's brothers is called
    levirate.
  41. In this type the husband need not have any close relationship prior to the marriage. The wife goes to spend some time with each husband. So long as a woman lives with one of her husbands; the others have no claim over her.
    Non - fraternal polyandry
  42. It is a form of marriage in which one man marries one woman .It is the most common and acceptable form of marriage.
    monogamy
  43. In many societies individuals are permitted to marry again often on the death of the first spouse or after divorce but they cannot have more than one spouse at one and the same time.
    Serial monogamy
  44. In this, remarriage is not allowed.
    Straight monogamy
  45. It means the marriage of two or more women with two or more men. Here the husbands are common husbands and wives are common wives. Children are regarded as the children of the entire group as a whole.
    Group Marriage:
  46. Co-wife
    Label to describe the relation to another woman that shares the same husband
  47. Dependent Freedmen
    Slaves that stayed on as workers after being granted freedom in exchange for food, shelter and the right to grow crops in a small area of the land
  48. Marriage form of slaves in Nyinba
    • Monogamous and matrilocal
    • By association, slave owners considered monogamy and matrilocal residence to be a sign of inferiority because it was practiced by slaves.
    • disconnected to marriage of slave owners as being a seperate group
  49. Marriage form of slave owners in Nyinba
    • polyandrous and patrilocal
    • disconnected to marriage of slaves as being a seperate group
  50. Nyinba "bone"
    • Bone was believed to be a fathers hereditary contribution to kin through sperm.
    • Believed to be more important than the "blood" as it was believed to make up physical appearance and character.
    • Partly comes from the mother as well, who carried her father's "bone". (The grandfather on the moms side as well as the father himself were believed to make up the physical appearance and character of the child)
  51. Nyinba "blood"
    Blood was believed to be the mothers hereditary contribution.
  52. trongba
    corporate land owning households of the Nyinba tribe
  53. Sexual and procreate rights of Nyinba males practicing fraternal polyandry
    automatically acquired amongst all the brothers even if born after the marriage takes place (once they are old enough)
  54. Cross cousins
    • The children of two opposite sex siblings
    • Are always excluded from the egos unilineal descent group
    • (If you are the ego, this would be the children of your aunt on your dads side OR the children of your uncle on your moms side)
  55. Parallel cousins
    • The children of two same sex siblings
    • (If you are the ego, this would be the children of your Aunt on the moms side OR the children of your uncle on your dads side)
  56. Patrilineal kin
    • Follows the male descent
    • This would be anyone that can refer to the same person (a grandfather) as being their dads-dad ……(Your moms-dad would be a grandfather too, but is not considered Patrilineal descent because a female cannot pass down patrilineal descent)
  57. Matrilineal Kin
    • Follows the female descent
    • This would be anyone who can refer to the same woman (a grandmother) as their moms-mother….(In contrast, your grandmother on your dads side would not be matrilineal because your dad is male and cannot pass down matrilineal descent)
  58. First cousins
    Those who share the same grandmother
  59. Second Cousins
    Those who share the same great-grandmother
  60. Third Cousins
    Those who share the same great-great grandmother
  61. Cousins that are once- removed
    Cousins that are one generation apart
  62. Cousins that are twice-removed
    Cousins that are two generations apart
  63. Matrilocal husbands of Nyinba
    • An undesirable situation for Nyinba where parents produce no sons but one sole daughter which they bring in a husband for: to live with her and inherit their property.
    • The daughters family is usually suspicious of this man as an outsider and that he is willing to leave his own family.
  64. Matrilocal husbands of Nyinba
    • An undesirable situation for Nyinba where parents produce no sons but one sole daughter which they bring in a husband for: to live with her and inherit their property.
    • The daughters family is usually suspicious of this man as an outsider and that he is willing to leave his own family.
  65. Fraternal solidarity
    The unity of brother that polyandry supports
  66. Sexual equity in polyandrous marriages
    Is handled by having the wife spend an entire night with one husband at a time and with all husbands in more or less
  67. General rule of sexual equity of Nyinba
    A general rule in polyandrous Nyinba marriages is that when a brother returns from a long trading trip, he should have precedent to spend the night with the wife
  68. Precedent for sexual equity
    • Agreement of sexual expectations
    • Can be regulated by parents who practice arranged marriages
  69. Moieties
    Dividing into clans or "halves" (with descent group exogamy) is
  70. To understand descent group exogamy you have to look at
    Not just individuals but whole lineages or Clans
  71. For either mode of unilineal descent Ego's cross cousins are always excluded as members of Ego's
    unilineal descent group
  72. Endogamy serves as a strategy for
    Political and economic means
  73. A person's cross cousin would be
    • Their aunts kids on their dad's side or
    • Their uncles kids on their moms side.
  74. A person's parallel cousin would be
    Their uncles kids on their dad's side or their aunt's kids on their mom's side
  75. Descent group exogamy can be broken down into
    • Complex marriage systems
    • and Elementary marriage systems
  76. Systematic intermarrying with other group by "exchanging women" is considered
    "Elementary" descent group Exogamy
  77. Cross cousins can marry in communities with
    Descent group exogamy
  78. The decision of descent (possibly) made by each generation based on the relative wealth and/or importance of the father's and the mother's family lines.
    ambilineal descent
Author
Missybambi1
ID
329629
Card Set
Anthro 304 Marriage (ch6)
Description
Anthropology: Monogomy, Polygyny, and Polyandry
Updated