Naturopathic Principles

  1. Give 5 Naturopathic Principles
    1. Prevention is preferable to cure

    2. The person is treated, not the disease

    3. The root cause of dysfunction is identified and treated, not just the branches (symptoms)

    4. The whole person is treated (physically, mentally, spiritually)

    5. Each individual is unique - each person responds in a different way
  2. What does phytotherapy mean?
    *Another term for Herbal Medicine
  3. What is the difference between chlorophyll and coffee enemas?
    Chlorophyll enemas target the bowel, whereas coffee enemas target the liver.
  4. Define colonic irrigation
    Reeducates the bowel helping it return to normal shape and function.

    Softens hard, impacted faeces, tones and exercises the colon, removes mucous deposits.

    Is great for IBS.
  5. What are the two planks of health?
    1. Toxicity (ROT) - too much of what we should not have in our bodies

    2. Deficiency (RUST) - not enough of what we should have in our bodies
  6. Give 5 symptoms of toxicity

    Coated Tongue

    Foul Smelling Stools

    Body Odour

  7. How would you detox the kidneys? List 4 points.
    Drink only distilled / reverse osmosis water

    Plant based diet

    Parsley Tea Decoction

  8. What are prebiotics?
    Foods rich in oligosaccharides (carbs that break down mainly in the large intestine providing a food source for beneficial bacteria)

    Examples are: - Jerusalem artichoke, chicory, onion, asparagus, leeks, fennel
  9. Phase I detoxification requires which enzyme?
    Cytochrome P450 enzymes
  10. What nutrients are required for Phase I detoxification?
    Vitamin C

    Vitamin E


    Folic Acid
  11. What nutrients are required for Phase II detoxification?
    Cysteine, Glycine, Glutamine (*for glutathione production - essential and most important antioxidant for neutralising free radicals*)

    Vitamin C


    Folic Acid

    *also sulphur foods, the brassica family, curcumins (turmeric)
  12. General liver function is impacted by ..... (list 4 points)
    1) Alcohol

    2) Saturated and Trans Fats

    3) Drugs (both prescription and recreational)

    4) Heavy metals

    * to be more specific drug-wise - paracetamol, aspirin, NSAIDs
  13. Why is glutathione important in detoxification?
    Crucial step in Phase II detoxification pathway - it is the most important antioxidant for neutralising free radicals
  14. Give examples of the brassica family


    Brussel Sprouts
  15. What does methylation detoxify?
    Excess oestrogens

    *retarded by deficiencies in B12 and folic acid
  16. List the 3 main categories of parasites.
    1) Protozoa (single-celled organisms)

    2) Nematodes (round worms and other worms)

    3) Platyhelminthes (tapeworms and flukes)
  17. What natural remedies would you give to somebody with a protozoa infestation?
    Golden Seal


    Oil of Oregano
  18. What 4 things would you give to somebody to prevent parasites?

    Grapefruit Seed Extract

    Apple Cider Vinegar

  19. List the 6 heavy metals





  20. What does chelate mean?
    To create a ring-like complex, or in loose terms 'grab and bond to'
  21. What would you give as part of a heavy metal detox?
    Coriander (cilantro) - a mild chelator

    Chlorella - chelator

    Modified Citrus Pectin


    Zinc (protects against cadmium and copper poisoning)
  22. DHEA - define!

    A hormone precursor to testosterone and oestrogen (among many other hormones). Synthesised from cholesterol and manufactured in the adrenal glands

    Negatively affected by stress, cortisol is a direct competitor with DHEA. Healthy levels of DHEA can be maintained with regular fasting and exercise, good quality sleep, high quality nutrients and no stimulants
  23. Who founded Tissue Salts?
    Dr Wilhelm Heinrich Schussler
  24. How many tissue salts are there?
    12 mineral tissue salts
  25. Who founded Bach flowers?
    Dr Edward Bach
  26. How many Bach flower remedies are there?
    38 in total:

    • - 12 healers
    • - 7 helpers
    • - second 19
  27. What is the typical dosage of Bach Remedies?
    Dosage is minimum of 4 drops x 4 times daily

    But you can take more often in acute situations!
  28. What other methods can you take Bach Flower Remedies?
    As a room spray

    In the bath

    In a massage oil

    In a bottle of mineral water

    In a cream
  29. What is silica good for? (tissue salts)
    Skin cleanser

    For skin conditioning and cleansing pimples, spots and brittle nails. 

    Good for:

    • 1) Abscesses and boils
    • 2) Splinters and foreign bodies
    • 3) Clear blind pimples / spots
    • 4) Chronic discharging wounds
  30. Give 4 dietary sources of silica (*CLAS)
    • Celery
    • Lentils
    • Apricots
    • Spinach
  31. What is the dosage of tissue salts?
    There is no simple 'correct dosage' as the amount needed is influenced by the type and severity of symptoms.


    4 tablets dissolved under the tongue, x3 times daily before meals

    Children (3+ years)

    2 tablets dissolved under the tongue, x3 times daily before meals

    Children (under 3 years and over 3 months)

    1 tablet dissolved under tongue, x3 times daily before meals
  32. What is the difference between colonic hydrotherapy and an enema?

    • - Must be performed by qualified practitioner
    • - Water is able to reach the ileocecal valve
    • - A number of washes are performed
    • - Has more of a re-educating, cleansing, toning function.


    • - Can be performed by self.
    • - 1 litre only goes to approximately
    • the top of the descending colon
    • (splenic flexure).
    • - The fluid is held for a period of time before evacuating
    • - Has more of a healing (mucous
    • membranes) and cleansing
    • function.
  33. What are the contraindications for colonics and enemas?
    • • All Inflammatory Bowel conditions.
    • • Bleeding or painful haemorrhoids.
    • • Liver disease.
    • • Kidney disease.
    • • Uncontrolled high blood pressure.
    • • Pregnancy.
    • • Infants
    • • Bowel / rectal carcinoma.
    • • Recent abdominal surgery (within 6 months).
    • • Inguinal or other abdominal hernias.
    • • Long-term steroidal use.
  34. Where are tissue salts absorbed?
    In the mouth *the most rapid absorption
  35. What are the four types of toxins?
  36. The following list of pathways are involved in which Phase of liver detoxification?

    Amino acid conjugation
    Glutathione conjugation
    Phase II
  37. List 5 things that enhance glutathione conjugation?
    • Glycine
    • Brassica family
    • Limonene-rich foods (e.g. citrus
    • peel)
    • Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA)
    • Coffee enemas.
  38. What would pose a risk of Giardia lamblia (flagellate) infection?
    • Pets
    • Tap water
    • River water
    • Poor hygiene.
  39. What is the most commonly found organisms in stool samples? (other than Candida albicans)
    Blastocystis Hominis

    *(it usually affects the caecum area and is hard to eradicate as it usually lodges in the walls of the intestine - there are 3 forms)
  40. What would pose a risk of Blastocystis hominis (Amoeba- no cyst or larvae stage) infection?
    • Food
    • Water
  41. Which group of parasites includes the variety of worms?
  42. Which worm is common in children?
    Enterobias Vermicularis (Pinworm)
  43. What are the symptoms of pinworm infection (Enterobias vermicularis)?
    • Anal itching
    • Visual disturbances
    • Grinding of teeth
    • Hyperactivity.
  44. What herb would you give for a PLATYHELMINTHES infestation?
    Chinese Wormwood (Artemisia annual)
  45. Give 4 symptoms of mercury toxicity
    Metallic taste

    Poor coordination & concentration

    Bleeding gums, gingivitis

    Memory loss
  46. Give 4 examples of aluminium exposure

    Foil & Cookware

    Enabled by Fluoride

    Dusty Environments

    *also salt/baking soda (anti-caking agents)
  47. What is good to scavenge arsenic from the tissues?
    Garlic (and other sulphur-containing foods)
  48. What does zinc protect against?
    Cadmium and copper poisoning
  49. What two nutrients protect against mercury poisoning?
    ALA and selenium
  50. Periodical fasting increases which hormone?
    Growth Hormone
  51. Give 4 contraindications of fasting
    Pregnancy and breastfeeding


    Eating disorders (anorexia nervosa)

  52. What is the mono diet?
    Eat only ONE vegetable or fruit per day e.g. brown rice, grapes, apples.
  53. What is the Drink & Drain diet?
    Alternating between solid food and liquid days.
  54. True or False:
    Vegetables are builders and fruit are cleansers
  55. What must you do before a fast to reduce side effects?
    Alkalise the body
  56. How many weeks should do a lead in programme before a fast?
    6 weeks
  57. What is the initial stage of adrenal fatigue?
    Adrenal insufficiency (can be likened to the concept of yang qi deficiency)
  58. What nutrients are great for cortisol management?
    • Magnesium
    • Vitamin C
    • Vitamin B5
  59. What is the naturopathic treatment of adrenal fatigue?
    Eat low GI foods to balance insulin (and remove sugar and all sweeteners)

    Breathing techniques to encourage PNS dominance

    Nourish adrenals with adaptogenic herbs (ashwaganda, gotu kola, rhodiola)

    Reduce excessive exercise
  60. What mineral helps with gut motility?
    Magnesium citrate
  61. Give 4 examples of prebiotic foods
    • Jerusulum Artichoke
    • Onions
    • Asparagus
    • Chicory
  62. What 3 tests can be done when assessing the digestive system?
    • • Comprehensive Stool Analysis (stool test)
    • • Gut Permeability (urine test)
    • • Helicobacter pylori (breath test)
  63. What is the naturopathic approach to treating IBS?
    Eliminate sugar and grains (due to excess carbohydrate fermentation)

    Eliminate fruit juices (due to fructose malabsorption)

    Start food combining - to reduce stress on gut

    Sits baths (hydrotherapy) - increase blood flow to abdomen
  64. What would you avoid if you had diverticulitis?
    Avoid nuts, seeds or other insoluble fibrous material such as skins.
  65. What is the naturopathic approach for Crohn's disease?
    Elimination diet for food intolerances (especially lectins - wheat, dairy, corn, soy, nightshades)

    Eliminate artificial flavourings

    Aloe vera or slippery elm for mucous membrane support

    Eliminate alcohol, caffeine, smoking and lactose (dairy)
  66. What is the naturopathic approach for Ulcerative Colitis?
    Elimination diet for food intolerances (especially lectins - wheat, dairy, corn, soy, nightshades)

    Eliminate artificial flavourings

    Aloe vera or slippery elm for mucous membrane support

    Eliminate alcohol, caffeine, smoking and lactose (dairy)
  67. What is the naturopathic approach to Gastritis?
    Avoid spicy foods, alcohol, caffeine, aspirin, NSAIDs, cola drinks

    Consider B12 deficiency due to lack of Intrinsic Factor

    Avoid citrus and tomatoes (acid on contact)

    Mastic gum to eliminate H. Pylori
  68. What is the naturopathic approach to Duodenal and Gastric Ulcers?
    Avoid overeating. Eat little and often.

    Eliminate high animal protein foods

    Avoid citrus and tomatoes (acid on contact)

    Mastic gum to eliminate H. Pylori
  69. What is vicarious elimination?
    This is detoxification via a different route.

    For example the skin will take over the role of detoxification from a congested liver or an impacted bowel.
  70. What naturopathic approaches would you use to treat SKIN conditions?
    Clean the blood (fasting, raw foods or herbs)

    Vicarious elimination (e.g. chlorophyll enemas)

    Alkaline eating plan (plant based diet, low animal protein, no sugar, alcohol caffeine, processed grains)

    Increase omega 3 fatty acids

    Decrease omega 6 fatty acids

    Far Infrared saunas (an excellent way to remove toxins via perspiration)

    Pre and probiotics
  71. What naturopathic approaches would you use for musculoskeletal conditions?
    Alkalising diet

    Eliminate purines (which break down into uric acid) e.g. mackerel, sardines, anchovies

    Eliminate Solanacea (solanine) family - potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant, peppers - especially for RA and OA.

    Address gut dysbiosis - reestablish gut flora with pre and probiotics
  72. How would you address nervous system problems naturopathically?
    Go to bed at the same time each night i.e. 10.30pm

    Eliminate stimulants - alcohol, caffeine, chocolate

    Balance insulin levels through eliminating sugars and processed grains

    Autonomic rebalancing - increase parasympathetic and reduce sympathetic nervous response. (e.g. use herbal nervines - valerian and skullcap for PNS response)
  73. How to address the endocrine system naturopathically?
    Alkalising diet (remove sugar, processed grains, alcohol, caffeine, high omega 6 foods)

    Omega 3/6 balancing

    Remove stimulants - caffeine, alcohol, sugar

    Zinc, selenium, vit C and EFAs are crucial for prostate health
  74. How to address respiratory system naturopathically?
    Omega 3/6 balancing

    Reduce/eliminate high tryptophan foods (e.g. turkey, soy, bananas etc) as high levels of serotonin cause broncho-constriction.

    Anti-inflammatory e.g. Bromelain

    Fasting methods e.g. alternate day fasting.
  75. How to address cardiovascular system naturopathically?
    Avoid Trans or Hydrogenated fats or foods fried in vegetable oils

    Omega 3 fatty acids

    Vitamin D - to lower BP

    Regular exercise to increase oxygenation to tissues.

    *Consider detoxifying heavy metals with chlorella or coriander, and antioxidants for blood vessel integrity
  76. Which foods encourage Nitric Oxide (NO) production?
    • Beetroots
    • Pomegranate
    • Montmorency cherry
    • Watermelon.
  77. How to address urinary system naturopathically?
    Drink only distilled / reverse osmosis water

    Parsley tea decoction

    Alkalise body (alkaline diet, chlorophyll rich foods)

    Eliminate/ reduce high Purine foods which break down into uric acid e.g. mackerel, sardines, anchovies
  78. How would you treat osteoporosis?
    • Vitamin D3
    • Vitamin K2
    • Magnesium
    • Weight-bearing exercises
    • Alkaline diet (high plant food, low animal food)
  79. What acronym would you use to remember the 12 tissue salts in order ?

    Calcium, Iron, Potassium, Magnesium, Sodium, Silica

    Order of:

    • FPS
    • FP
    • MPS
    • MP
    • MPS
    • S
  80. What is tissue salt number 11?
    Nat Sulph

    (aka Sodium Sulphate / Natrium Sulphuricum)
  81. What is tissue salt number 6?
    Kali Phos 

    aka Potassium Phosphate / Kalium Phosphoricum
  82. What is Kali Sulph's chemical and latin name?
    Chemical name = Potassium Sulphate

    Latin name = Kalium Sulphuricum
  83. What is the tissue salt name for iron phosphate?
    Ferrum Phos or Ferr. Phos

    latin term is Ferrium Phosphoricum
  84. What is the chemical and latin name for Silica?
    Chemical name = Silicon dioxide

    Latin name = Silicea
  85. What does natrium stand for?
  86. What does 'kali' stand for (tissue salts)?
  87. What is the chemical and latin name for Calc Fluor?
    Chemical name = Calcium Fluoride

    Latin name = Calcarea Fluoricum
  88. What is the chemical and latin name for Kali Mur?
    Chemical name = Potassium Chloride

    Latin name = Kalium Muriaticum

    • * kali = potassium 
    • * mur = chloride
  89. What is the chemical and latin name for Nat Mur?
    Chemical name = Sodium Chloride

    Latin name = Natrium Muriaticum
  90. What is the key action of Kali Phos?
    Nerve nutrient

    *for anxiety, stress
  91. What is the key action of Calc Fluor
    Tissue Restorer

    *(for dental decay and loss of tissue elasticity)
  92. What is the key action for Nat Sulph?
    Water eliminator

    *for oedema, diabetes
  93. What is the key action for Silica?
    Skin cleanser

    *for abscesses/boils, malformed nails
  94. What is the key organ affinity for Mag Phos
    Muscles (it is a relaxant) - can help with spasms, restlessness
  95. What tissue salt is used as an anti-inflammatory?
    Ferr Phos

    *good for tonsillitis and otitis media - has affinity for the blood
  96. Which tissue salt is good for the respiratory organs?
    Kali Mur

    *a respiratory decongestant - good for common cold, bronchitis
  97. Which tissue salt would you use for oedema or diabetes?
    Nat Sulph - water eliminator - affinity for liver and gallbladder
  98. Which tissue salt would you use for heartburn or rheumatism?
    Nat Phos - neutraliser - affinity for stomach
  99. What tissue salt would you use on the bones or in poor slow dentition, lack of endurance?
    Calc Phos
  100. What tissue salt is for connective tissue?
    Calc Fluor (Tissue salt no. 1)
  101. What tissue salt is a good moisture regulator, good for the mucous membranes?
    Nat Mur - great in excessive moisture, dryness / clear watery discharge
  102. Other than silica, which has an affinity for the skin, hair and nails, which other tissue salt also has an affinity for the skin?
    Kali Sulph 

    *and Calc sulph - a system purifier (liver and skin)
  103. What sensation on the tongue would be produced with a silica deficiency?
  104. What tongue sign would be present for Mag Phos deficiency?
    Teeth indentations

    Swollen clean tongue
  105. What would be shown on the tongue with Ferrum phos deficiency (think of its affinity to the blood here!)
    Red to dark red with swelling and no coating
  106. What sign on tongue would you see with Calc Fluor deficiency (no.1)?
    Cracked, inflammation, swelling, hardness
  107. What sign on tongue would you see with Nat Mur deficiency?

    *think Bubbly Mur
    • Bubbles on sides
    • Frothy coating
    • numbness and tingling
  108. What facial signs would appear with a Ferrum Phos deficiency? *think blood
    • Redness
    • Red, hot earlobes
    • Bluish-black circles under the eyes
  109. What facial signs would show with a silica deficiency?
    • Laugh lines and crows feet
    • Split hair ends
    • Wrinkles
    • Burst veins in whites of the eye
  110. Which tissue salt deficiency would cause pigmentation spots on the face?
    Kali Sulph
  111. Which tissue salt deficiency would cause a milky appearance to the skin?
    Kali Mur (mur - milky)
  112. Which tissue salt deficiency would cause a waxy appearance and yoghurt appearance?
    Calc Phos
  113. Which tissue salt deficiency would cause alabaster-like skin colouring, a dirty appearance and 'age' / liver spots?
    Calc Sulph
  114. Which tissue salt deficiency is associated with bad breath, frosted cluster to the eyes due to weak life force, sunken temples and an ash grey appearance (often on the chin)?
    Kali Phos
Card Set
Naturopathic Principles