chapter 7 - Nicotine and Caffeine

  1. tar
    particles released from tobacco that contain nicotine and other tobacco chemicals
  2. cotinine
    metabolite of nicotine
  3. functional antagonism
    an indirect or atypical means of inhibiting a receptor's activity, such as when the net effects of a receptor agonist consists of a longer inactivated receptor state and a shorter activated receptor state
  4. upregulation
    increased production of proteins
  5. stroop test
    standard attention test used for neuropsychological assessments that evaluates reaction times to mismatched stimulus presentations
  6. conditioned taste aversion (garcia effect)
    result of a pairing process between a noxious stimulus and a novel tasting substance
  7. neophobic reaction
    a rat's natural fear response to ingesting novel substances
  8. pairing session
    the timing of a drug injection is set to produce noxious effects after a session when subjects consume the novel substance
  9. nitrosamines
    chemicals shown to produce cancerous tumour growth
  10. emphysema
    type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder caused by irreversible lung damage
  11. nicotine abstinence syndrome
    nicotine withdrawal symptoms characterized by craving, irritability, anxiety, hostility, concentration difficulties, impatience, and insomnia
  12. chippers
    smokers who fail to develop an addiction to tobacco
  13. nicotine-replacement therapy
    therapy that consists of using a nontobacco nicotine product to minimize or prevent withdrawal symptoms
  14. varenicline (chantix)
    partial agonist for nicotinic receptors
  15. caffeine
    psychostimulant compound and a member of the xanthine chemical class
  16. caffeinated alcoholic beverages
    beverage made by mixing energy drinks with alcohol
  17. caffeinism
    condition characterized by agitation, anxiety, insomnia, and negative mood as well as rapid heart rate and high blood pressure
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AbbyKrish
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329402
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chapter 7 - Nicotine and Caffeine
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