BIC Block 1 Day 2

  1. What theory is premised upon stimulus, response, and reinforcement (positive or negative)?
    Behavioral Learning Theory
  2. What theory states that learning is happening when students are able to distinguish among stimuli and provide the appropriate responses to each stimulus?
    Behavioral Learning Theory
  3. What are the advantages to the behavioral learning theory?
    • - allows for observable and overt measurements of the desired behavior/response
    • - quick way to achieve the desired response in students
    • - allows for military and technical training instructors to expediently deliver focused training and weed out students who are not able to perform to standards
  4. What are the disadvantages of the learning behavior theory?
    • - encourages rote learning (memorization, no application)
    • - students can falsely exhibit the desired behavior once they figure out what the instructor is looking for
    • - students may also not be able to explain what is learned at a later time
  5. What theory focuses on what is going on in the student's mind and places emphasis on how the student thinks is very important?
    Cognitive Learning Theory
  6. What theory looks at how the student is receiving and has chosen to remember information?
    Cognitive Learning Theory
  7. What major cognitive learning theory model focuses on the way knowledge is perceived, stored, and retrieved from memory?
    Information Processing
  8. What major cognitive learning theory model says learning and consequent changes in behavior take place as a result of the interaction between the learner and the environment?
    Social Interaction
  9. What are the advantages of the cognitive learning theory?
    • - assesses the student's mental processing
    • - concerned with how students figure out the importance of information and its link to information they already know
    • - actively links the student with the learning environment
  10. What are the disadvantages of the cognitive learning theory?
    • - assumes learning is external to the student and, as a result, the student has no influence on the learning
    • - student is only a receptacle for the knowledge
  11. What learning model involves instructors caring about the attitudes of their students?
    Affective Learning
  12. What are the four elements of writing and measuring objectives for student attitude development that should be of concern to the instructor?
    • 1. clarifying what is meant by the term attitude (or affect)
    • 2. writing attitude development objectives
    • 3. measuring student attitudes
    • 4. designing a curriculum to develop attitudes in a desired direction
  13. What are among the many schools and courses that successfully develop attitudes?
    BMT, OTS, pilot training, survival training, and virtually all safety courses
  14. Which affective taxonomy level is to get the students to receive - to pay attention or listen to the presentation (willing attention is a logical follow-on to awareness)?
    Receiving
  15. Which affective taxonomy level is where students must do more than simply listen to a message (involves some sort of action or response on the part of the student)?
    Responding
  16. Which affective taxonomy level involves a person's response containing worth or value seen in what's done?
    Valuing
  17. Which affective taxonomy level is when students accept, prefer, or commit to an object or activity because of its perceived worth or value?
    Valuing
  18. Which affective taxonomy level consists of students comparing, relating, and synthesizing values into their own value system?
    Organization
  19. Which affective taxonomy level is where the student incorporates values into a system and that system now becomes characteristics of the student?
    Characterization
  20. (T/F) The behavioral theory of learning states that learning occurs when a student forms an association between a stimulus and the desired response/behavior.
    True
  21. (T/F) The behavioral theory of learning is premised upon stimulus, response, and punishment.
    False
  22. (T/F) An advantage of behavioral learning is that it encourages rote learning.
    False
  23. (T/F) The cognitive theory of learning focuses on what is going on in the student’s mind.
    True
  24. (T/F) The cognitive theory of learning has two major models: information processing and social interaction.
    True
  25. (T/F) The social interaction model says learning and consequent changes in behavior take place as a result of the interaction between the learner and the environment.
    True
  26. (T/F) Whether we plan to or not, much of what we do as instructors affects the attitudes of our students.
    True
  27. (T/F) Receiving involves some sort of action or response on the part of the student in affective learning.
    False
  28. What intellectual skill is related to seeing differences in stimuli?
    Discrimination
  29. Where do most discrimination (intellectual skill) problems come from for adults?
    Physical disabilities such as color blindness, hearing loss, or some injury that affects sensory perception
  30. What intellectual skill are related to categorizing physical objects into one or more classes based on their physical attributes?
    Concrete concepts
  31. What intellectual skill are related to classifying symbolic objects into one or more classes based on a definition (definition is actually a rule for classification)?
    Defined concepts
  32. What intellectual skill relates to applying principles or procedures to solve problems?
    Rule learning
  33. What intellectual skill is the ability to recall relevant rules and use them to solve a novel problem?
    Rule learning
  34. What is the learning of names and labels that can be verbalized (also called declarative knowledge)?
    Verbal information
  35. What type of learning requires some basic language skills?
    Verbal information
  36. What is more readily retained when it is learned within a larger context of meaningful information?
    Verbal information
  37. What is the basic premise of an information processing model where individuals mentally process their environment?
    Cognitive strategies
  38. What process consists of a number of stages in which the stimuli become information, which is given meaning by previous knowledge and current expectations?
    Cognitive strategies
  39. What are employed to maintain the knowledge in short-term memory and translate it to a structure that enters long-term memory?
    Cognitive strategies
  40. What are learned behaviors that involve the smooth coordinated use of muscles?
    Motor skills
  41. What skills most often involve a sequence of activities that may be described verbally as an "executive subroutine"?
    Motor skills
  42. When the learner has acquired this type of skill, the verbal routine is no longer need and the skill is performed in a smooth and continuous manner?
    Motor skills
  43. What requires practice and kinesthetic (natural) feedback?
    Motor skills
  44. What may require the prior learning of intellectual skills or particular sets of information?
    Acquiring of particular attitudes
  45. What have mutually supportive relationships?
    Attitudes
  46. What are learned or influenced by observing others and viewing the consequences of their behavior [this type of learning (vicarious) is a distinct principle of social learning]?
    Attitudes
  47. What is a method of using traditional and non-traditional techniques to increase instructor and student motivation?
    Accelerated learning
  48. In what environment are students and instructors tending to be more creative, motivated, team-oriented, and willing to try different things?
    Accelerated learning environment?
  49. What can be adjusted and controlled during accelerated learning to enhance learning?
    Lighting, temperature, decorations, and seating arrangements
  50. The foundation for all higher learning.
    Intellectual Skills
  51. Focuses on interpersonal and intrapersonal skills.
    Accelerated Learning
  52. Behaviors that involve the smooth coordinated use of muscles.
    Motor Skills
  53. Clustering of items of similar groups to reduce memory load.
    Cognitive Strategies
  54. Learned or influenced by observing others and viewing the consequences of their behavior.
    Attitudes and Motivation
  55. Requires the learning of names and labels.
    Verbal Information
  56. Lighting, temperature, and seating should be adjusted to enhance learning.
    Accelerated Learning
  57. Employed to maintain knowledge in short-term memory and translate it into a structure that enters long-term memory.
    Cognitive Strategies
  58. Much of the instruction is aimed at getting the student to recognize the feel when the performance is executed correctly.
    Motor Skills
  59. Concrete concepts are skills related to categorizing physical objects into one or more classes based on their physical attributes.
    Intellectual Skills
  60. What are general rules or principles which help explain factors affecting learning and are applicable to all age groups, particularly to adult learners?
    Laws of Learning
  61. What law of learning states students are best when they are prepared to learn and the student will not see the value in learning if they do not see the rationale behind the lesson?
    Law of Readiness
  62. Which law of learning states the instructor is responsible for preparing and creating the desire in students to learn along with providing them a clear statement of the objective and a solid motivation during the lesson introduction?
    Law of Readiness
  63. Which law of learning states outside distractions, such as job demands, family issues, medical and financial responsibilities will interfere with the student's ability to focus and learn the material?
    Law of Readiness
  64. Which law of learning is based on the premise that things that are repetitive in nature are easily remembered?
    Law of Exercise
  65. Which law of learning should include recall, review, restatement, and drill?
    Law of Exercise
  66. Which law of learning focuses on the premise that learning can be strengthened or weakened based on the students' experiences in the classroom?
    Law of Effect
  67. Which law of learning involves instructors creating a positive learning environment and building lessons that will allow the student to have a sense of accomplishment?
    Law of Effect
  68. Which law of learning involves instructors making sure what they teach and how they teach is done correctly the first time?
    Law of Primacy
  69. Which law of learning is where the learning experience should be positive and correct from the beginning, and this will create the solid ground work for all that follows?
    Law of Primacy
  70. Which law of learning states students can be stimulated to learn by involving them in realistic situations rather than the usual dull routine?
    Law of Intensity
  71. Which law of learning requires the instructors to think outside of the box and be creative in the classroom?
    Law of Intensity
  72. Which law of learning states instructional objectives that were more recently taught by the instructor will be much easier to remember by the student than the objectives taught days or weeks prior?
    Law of Recency
  73. Which law of learning states a good summary will include a restatement of the instructional objective, reemphasize important elements of the lesson, and review the main points the students’ needs to remember?
    Law of Recency
  74. Basis of recall and drill.
    Law of Exercise
  75. A student learns best when they are prepared to learn.
    Law of Readiness
  76. Things that are repetitive are easily remembered.
    Law of Exercise
  77. Providing a student with a clear statement of the objective.
    Law of Readiness
  78. Involving the student in realistic situations.
    Law of Intensity
  79. Learning strengthened or weakened based on student experiences in the classroom.
    Law of Effect
  80. Teaching correctly the first time.
    Primacy
  81. Things most currently learned are best remembered.
    Law of Recency
  82. A student’s chance of success increases if the learning experience is pleasant.
    Law of Effect
  83. At the end of the lesson, the instructor restates the objective and emphasizes the main points of the lesson.
    Law of Recency
  84. Which developmental approach characteristic should be used each day and in each lesson of the course to give the students a clear picture of the activities ahead?
    Whole-Part-Whole
  85. Which developmental approach characteristic can be used to describe an entire course or block of instruction along with applying it to each main point in the body of the lesson?
    Whole-Part-Whole
  86. How is the Whole-Part-Whole developmental approach characteristic related to learning?
    • Whole - Law of Readiness
    • Part - Law of Exercise
    • Whole - Law of Recency
  87. Which developmental approach characteristic recognizes the student's need to progress in an orderly fashion from their current knowledge or skill, relating each new idea to be learned to their experiences?
    Known-to-Unknown
  88. What are the steps for the Known-to-Unknown developmental approach characteristic?
    • 1. Determine what students know
    • 2. Guide the students in logical steps toward the desired objective
    • 3. Progress from simple to complex
  89. Which developmental approach characteristic requires each lesson organized and presented in a meaningful sequence so that each part helps the student learn what is to follow?
    Known-to-Unknown
  90. Which developmental approach characteristic motivates the students to discuss, think, experiment, and act while also being realistic and simulate actual situations?
    Problem-Oriented
  91. During this developmental approach characteristic, give the students every opportunity to think and develop a solution (the key is participation)?
    Problem-Oriented
  92. Which developmental approach characteristic has the entire curriculum based on job requirements?
    Student-Centered
  93. Which developmental approach characteristic requires the instructor to plan and present each day's objective clearly so the students understand them and understand their relationship to the overall course (emphasis should be on students learning by doing)?
    Student-Centered
  94. Which developmental approach characteristic states differences along with countless other psychological, emotional, and physical factors cause students to learn at different rates?
    Student-Centered
  95. Which development approach element is the driving force that causes a person to spring into action and move toward a definite goal or objective?
    Motivation
  96. Which development approach element is the instructor required to continually create a desire to learn?
    Motivation
  97. Which development approach element is where instructors must plan the motivational activities to the needs of the students, prepare ways to keep them actively involved in the lesson, and must be continuous throughout the lesson?
    Motivation
  98. Which development approach element is a means to initiate and sustain the learning process by explaining how something works or by clarifying ideas?
    Explanation
  99. Which development approach element is necessary in guiding student learning?
    Explanation
  100. Which development approach element should be based on the whole-part-whole characteristic to be effective?
    Explanation
  101. Which development approach element states each new idea should relate to a previous idea and logically lead the student to the next idea (known-to-unknown)?
    Explanation
  102. Which development approach element (in a lecture) is a form of verbal support which adds more meaning to the lesson?
    Explanation
  103. Which development approach element should be planned carefully for the demonstration method?
    Explanation
  104. Which development approach element's purpose is to give the students an opportunity to apply (practice) the directions and explanations they have received to an actual or simulated situation?
    Application
  105. Which development approach element is where students may apply their knowledge mentally or physically at differing levels or degrees of understanding?
    Application
  106. Which development approach element is where providing experiences that are meaningful, varied, and appropriate is a problem for all instructors?
    Application
  107. Which development approach element's application of experiences should challenge the student and require involvement with feelings, thoughts, and physical activity?
    Application
  108. Which development approach element is constantly used to determine student achievement of the goals?
    Evaluation
  109. Which development approach element uses written and performance tests to evaluate student achievement?
    Evaluation
  110. Which development approach element contributes to learning by reinforcing correct responses and shows an increase in motivation when an individual shows progress?
    Evaluation
  111. Which development approach element provides important feedback to the instructor?
    Evaluation
Author
goudatwist
ID
329399
Card Set
BIC Block 1 Day 2
Description
BIC
Updated