Music lit 1

  1. Trio sonata
    a texture written for 2 or 3 solo melodic instruments and a basso continuo

    • sonata da camera*
    • chamber sonata - 3 or 4 movements
    • essentially a dance suite which corelli adapted to the 4 movment format
    • begins with a prelude or small sonata which acts as an introduction for the following movments - starts fast
  2. Concerto
    • solo instrument with some kind of accompaniment (generally orcehstral)
    • 3 movments generally
    • soloist vs the orchestra
  3. sonata da chiesa*
    • Church sonata - starts slow
    • not necessarialy used for the liturgy
  4. Concerto grosso
    • concerto with multiple solists
    • concerto vs ripieno

    • Variation form
    • theme which is varied accross different sections by some kind of adjustment (accompanimental or varitiation of the theme itself)
  5. French overture
    type of form used in the baroque charaterized by a division into two parts that are repeated (bianary form), complementary styles(first is slow with dotted rhythms and the second is a fast fugueal style)

    • concertino
    • literally small concerto
    • short concerto
    • or the concerto group in a concerto grosso
  6. Italian sinfonia/Italian overture
    • piece of music used as an introduction, interlude, or postule to a larger piece (like an opera)
    • 3 movment structure - fast slow fast
    • modern symphony started here
  7. ripieno
    the accompaniment in a concerto grosso
  8. Suite
    collection of small pieces origionally in dance style to be played in succession
  9. Empfindsamer Stil
    • musical aesthetic associated with northern germany, intimate sensitive and gentle exprtears of melancholy
    • CPE Bach is an example
  10. Binary form
    AABB
  11. Sturm und Drang
    • storm and stress period in german culture
    • huge extreams of emotion
    • precourser to romanticism
  12. Sonata-allegro form
    • same as sonata form
    • Exposition Development Recapitulation
    • AB Dev AB
    • I V ? I I

    • monothematic (Sonata-Allegro)
    • A sonata form with a single theme area
  13. Mannheim School
    • group of composers who came from the Mannheim orchestra as well as the orchestral techniques pioneered by them
    • Stamitz is the father of the school
    • known for independant treatment of wind instruments and whole orhcestra crescendo
    • this school highly influenced haydn and mozart

    • Scherzo*
    • movment of a light or playful charactor
    • literally translates to I joke or I play
    • generally in a rounded bianary form with a trio
    • creatting a ternary form of schertzo trio schertxo (ABA)
    • replaces the minuet and is faster (as it doesnt have actual dancerfs)
  14. Minuet-trio (Song form with Trio)
    • a court dance that became the standard 3rd movment of a symphony
    • Minuet is generally in bianary form but when a trio is added it turns into a ternary form

    • Coda
    • A concluding passage of a piece or movment
    • Technically it is an expanded cadence but it was expanded by beethoven into a full structural element in itself
  15. Style galant
    • Return to simplicity after the polyphonic complexity of the late baroque
    • Song like melodies
    • Short phrases with simple harmony
    • Less polyphony
    • CPE bach is indictive of this style

    • “Ode to Joy”*
    • Poem written by Schiller and is best known for its setting in beethoven's 9th symphony
  16. Be familiar with the following composers and their instrumental/orchestral works to illustrate the evolution of the concert symphony as a unique genre in the 18th century. (Please use chapters 1-4 of the Stedman text as well as handouts received in class and other sources to aid with your review of these composers and their contribution to the symphony.) HINT: Utilize the glossary and index in the back of the textbook to aid and focus your study. (*Listening portion of the exam: be able to identify these selected works including, composer, title, movement, form; audio files of these works are located online in the databases A-Z of the CSUF library website.
  17. A. Corelli
    • Baroque composer
    • Known for his trio sonatas
  18. G.B. Sammartini
    • Preclassical symphonist composer
    • Mature precalssical
    • Helped form the concert symphony by shifting away from the overture style and towards the development that beocmes haydn and mozart
  19. A. Vivaldi
    • Baroque composer known for concerti
    • Shows the modification of orcehstral writing towards a more virtuosic concept
  20. Johann Stamitz💿
    • Mannheim school composer (really the father)
    • Created the orchestral effects that they were known for (roll, crescendo, opening flourish, homophonic writing)
  21. J. S. Bach
    Baroque composer known for counterpoint and fugue,
  22. J. Haydn
    • Classical period composer that bridges the entire classical era
    • 1 - preclassical
    • ⁃ developped his style, more complex and developed forms, 4 movment symphony
    • 2- classical - symphonies 44 and 104
    • ⁃ mature style, sophisticated, major theme areas with manipulation of theme
  23. G.F.Handel
    Baroque composer indicitve of the mature french style
  24. W.A. Mozart
    • Classical period composer
    • Began with close imitation of the sinfonia style
    • Absorbed many influences as he traveled as a child prodigy
    • Evenetually balenced galant and counterpoint
  25. G. B. Pergolesi
    • Early precalssisicst in the baroque
    • Many of his mannerisms made their way into the classical symphony
    • Clarity of structure, well defined themes, no counterpoint, style galant
  26. Beethoven
    • first romantic composer
    • expanded tonal landscape
    • expanded orchestra
    • expanded forms
    • first composer to write for history and reputation rather than for the time
  27. Sonata in F minor
    • Corelli
    • Church sonata
    • No form - counterpoint *
    • 4th movement is binary
  28. L'ompiade: sinfonia
    • Pergolesi
    • 1 almost sonata form
    • 2 sonata form
    • 3 binary form
  29. concerto grosso in A minor
    • vivaldi
    • Very loose formal structures.
  30. Symphony in C major
    • Sammartini
    • 1-binary
    • 2 binary
    • 3 sonata
  31. Sinfonia a 8
    • Stamitz
    • 1 sonata
    • 2 binary
    • 3 minuet and trio
    • 4 sonata
  32. Suite no 3 in D major
    • bach
    • All binary dances
  33. symphony no 6
    • haydn
    • 1 sonata
    • 2 concert variations
    • 3 minuet and trio
    • 4 sonata allegro
  34. symphony no44
    • haydn
    • 1 sonata
    • 2 minuet and trio
    • 3 binary
    • 4 sonata
  35. symphony no104
    • haydn
    • 1 sonata
    • 2 variation
    • 3 minuet
    • 4 sonata
  36. Messiah - Sinfonia
    • handel
    • Binary form
  37. symphony no 1
    • mozart
    • 1 sonata
    • 2 binary
    • 3 rondo
  38. symphony no 29
    • mozart
    • 1 sonata
    • 2 sonata
    • 3 minuet and trio
    • 4 sonata
  39. Symphony no40
    • mozart
    • 1 sonata
    • 2 sonata
    • 3 minuet and trio
    • 4 sonata
  40. symphony no 5
    • beethoven
    • 1 sonata
    • 2 variation
    • 3 scherzo
    • 4 sonata
  41. symphony no 7
    • beethoven
    • 1 sonata
    • 2 variations with trio
    • 3 scherzo
    • 4 sonata
  42. symphony no 8
    • beethoven
    • 1 sonata
    • 2 sonatina
    • 3 minuet
    • 4 sonata
Author
dragonbring
ID
329155
Card Set
Music lit 1
Description
Hi
Updated