US Constitution "The Judicial Branch" - Q's

  1. where can information be found about the Judicial branch in the US Constitution?
    Information about the Judicial branch can be found in article III and amendment 11
  2. What is the Judicial branch?
    The Judicial branch is made up of the Supreme Court and all other inferior federal courts
  3. How are the federal courts set up?
    The constitution sets up the Supreme Court and congress establishes all inferior federal courts.
  4. what is the main function of the federal courts?
    The federal courts main function is to interpret the laws of the US
  5. How are regular and special courts different
    • Regular courts hear and try criminal, civil, and equity cases
    • Special courts hear and try civil and equity cases of specific types
  6. How many regular and special Fed. courts are there?
    • there are 3 regular courts
    • there are 7 special courts
  7. What are the three regular courts?
    the three regular courts are the Supreme Court, the court of appeals, and the district courts
  8. What are the seven special fed. courts?
    Court of fed. claims, Court of Appeals for the fed circuit, Court of International Trade, Tax Court, Court of Veterans Appeals, the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, and the Territorial district courts
  9. How long does a federal judge serve?
    Federal judges serve life, 15 years, or 10 years depending on the court he serves
  10. What is the jurisdiction of a court?
    Jurisdiction of a court refers to the courts power to hear and try certain kinds of cases
  11. Over what kind of cases do federal courts have jurisdiction?
    Federal courts have jurisdiction over any case dealing with the constitution, laws & treaties of the US, all cases affecting ambassadors, public ministers, and consuls, all cases concerning crimes at sea, any cases with the federal gov't as defendant or plaintiff.
  12. What is original jurisdiction?
    The power of the court to originally try the case.
  13. What is Appellate jurisdiction?
    The appellate jurisdiction is the power to try a case which has already been tried.
  14. Does the Supreme Court have both original and appellate jurisdiction?
    Yes, the Supreme court has both types of jurisdiction, original and appellate.
  15. What type of cases does the Supreme Court have original jurisdiction over?
    The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction over cases dealing with ambassadors, public ministers, and consuls; and cases dealing with disputes between states.
  16. Do states recognize the laws, records, and court decisions of other states?
    States only recognize civil laws, records, and court decisions of other states. No state should try to enforce the criminal laws, records, and court decisions of other states.
Card Set
US Constitution "The Judicial Branch" - Q's
"The Constitution Explained - The Judicial Branch" questions taken from "The Constitution of the United States, An Introduction" by Floyd G. Cullop