A&P II Midterm: Endocrine

  1. The ______ gland is considered the master gland because it produces tropic hormones which control other glands.
  2. The pituitary gland is considered the _____gland because it produces tropic hormones which control other glands.
  3. Other name or pituitary gland
  4. Other name for anterior pituitary gland
  5. 4 tropic glands the anterior pituitary gland releases
    • Gonadotropins (Follicle-simulating hormone and Luteinizing hormone)
    • Adrenocorticotropic hormone 
    • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (thyrotropin)
  6. 2 other hormones released by the anterior pituitary gland other than tropic hormones.
    • Growth Hormone 
    • Prolactin
  7. What hormone regulates hormone production in the cortex of the adrenal gland?
    Adrenocorticotropic hormone
  8. What hormone regulates growth by regulating activity of the thyroid gland?
  9. What hormone regulates growth and has major effects on muscle and bone?
    Growth Hormone
  10. What hormone stimulates breast development and maintains lactation?
  11. What hormones stimulate the gonads (from the anterior pituitary)?
    • Follicle-stimulating hormone 
    • Luteinizing hormone
  12. What hormones does the posterior pituitary lobe produce?
    • Oxytocin
    • Antidiuretic hormone
  13. What hormone stimulates uterine contractions and cause milk ejection?
  14. What hormone reduces urine output and conserves water by increasing reabsorption of water in the kidneys?
    Antidiuretic hormone
  15. The thyroid gland has two lobes connected by the _____.
  16. Thyroid hormone is actual 2 active hormones. Name them
    • Thyroxine(T4)
    • Triiodothyronine(T3)
  17. 2 major thyroid hormones
    • Thyroid hormone (thyroxine and triiodothyronine)
    • Calcitonin
  18. Hormone that stimulates deposition of calcium into bones.
  19. The parathyroid glands are found on the posterior surface of the thyroid gland. There are usually 4, but the number varies between individuals.

    What hormone does it produce?
    Parathyroid hormone
  20. What hormone regulates calcium balance in the blood by increasing secretions from the bone and decreasing excretions in the kidneys?
  21. Adrenal medulla secretes . . .
    • Epinephrine
    • Norepinephrine
  22. Adrenal Cortex secretes 3 major groups of steroid hormones called ______.
  23. Adrenal cortez secretes 3 major groups of steroid hormones called corticosteroids.

    Name them.
    • Mineral-o-corticoid 
    • Gluco-corticoid 
    • Gonad-o-corticoid
  24. Pancreas produces what 2 hormones?
    • Insulin
    • Glucogon
  25. Ovaries produce . . .
    • Estrogen 
    • Progesterone
  26. The thymus has two lobes and is found in the thorax.

    The thymus produces the hormones _____, _____, and _____ which are involved in the maturation of T lymphocytes so are important in the immune system
    thymosin, thymulin, and thymopoietin
  27. The pineal gland is found in the roof of the 3rd ventricle of the brain. It produces _____ which peaks at night and makes us sleepy. Its exact endocrine function is not well understood.
  28. Image Upload 1
  29. Image Upload 2
  30. Image Upload 3
  31. Image Upload 4
  32. Image Upload 5
  33. Image Upload 6
  34. Image Upload 7
Card Set
A&P II Midterm: Endocrine
Review based on pre-labs