1. This mechanism is the main regulator of water intake:

    A) Thirst
  2. The capillary endothelium separates these two body fluid compartments

    B) plasma and interstitial fluid
  3. Intracellular fluid:

    A) has a lower concentration of sodium ions than extracellular fluid
  4. A decrease in blood pressure has this effect: 

    A) results in increased aldosterone secretion
  5. These statements about the secretion of atrial natiuretic hormone (ANH) are true except:

    B) decreases water loss
  6. The following are electrolytes except:

    D) H2O
  7. An increase in the ECF Na levels would cause

    A) water to shift out the ICF and into the ECF
  8. ECF calcium levels are mainly regulated by this hormone:

    B) parathyroid hormone
  9. 85% if phosphate in the body is found in the form of Calcium phosphate salt in the bones and teeth.  
  10. Aldosterone secretion from the adrenal cortex is stimulated by angiotensin II and this:

    C) elevated K ion levels
  11. This statement best describes and acid:

    D) releases H when dissociates
  12. Respiratory regulation of pH depends upon this mechanism:

    B) carbonic acid/bicarbonate buffer system
  13. An increase in blood carbon dioxide levels is followed by a(n) ___ in H and a(n)___ in blood pH

    D) increase, decrease
  14. If the pH of the blood decreases, the pH of the urine will:

    B) decrease
  15. Hyperventilation can cause:

    D) respiratory alkalosis
  16. Excess glucose in the body following a meal can be stored in the liver as this:

    C) glycogen
  17. About 99% of the body's energy storage in the form of this:

    E) lipids
  18. This statement best describes ammonia:

    B) converted into urea in the liver
  19. Excess glucose after a meal will first form glycogen in this process:

    A) glycogenesis
  20. This person would mostly likely have a decreased BMR

    A) a starving person
  21. Loss of a large volume of sweat results in the body fluid becoming ___ which causes ___ plasma volume

    D) hypertonic, a decrease
  22. This best describes a diuretic:

    B) a substance that causes increased urine production
  23. The reaction between CO2 and H2O is catalyzed by this:

    C) carbonic anhydrase
  24. This substance is necessary for the transport of Ca ions across the wall of the intestinal tract:

    E) Vitamin D
  25. People on strict diets or that have Type I diabetes may check their urine periodically for ketones. Excessive production of ketones in the urine may indicate this:

    D) excessive lipid metabolism
  26. Swiftly Trotts has an Escherichia coli (E. coli) infection that produces severe diarrhea and causes metabolic acidosis. The following effects are observed:

    C) all fo these
Card Set
exam 2